How to propagate ficus correctly
Today, almost every apartment has such a plant as ficus. The first question that confronts the person who has just acquired it is how to plant ficus? Home care is not difficult, so even a beginner in floriculture can cope with reproduction. So, it's time to talk step by step about how to plant ficus at home, so as not to harm him.
How to propagate ficus at home
How to propagate ficus? There is a certain technology. Ficus propagates at home in several ways:
- sprouts with leaves;
- air bends;
How ficus propagates will depend on its variety. However, there are general rules that are the same for all species. Reproduction of ficus at home is carried out in the spring, when the juice is just beginning to move. Growing in open sunlight threatens to burn the plant. For each grade, the degree of lighting should be different.
Cut branches need only secateurs or a sharp knife. The blade must be decontaminated. Before putting a cut branch into the water, it is necessary to wipe the milky juice with a wet sponge and leave to dry for some time in the fresh air. Only after the liquid stops, can the stalk be placed in a glass of water. Propagation of ficus by cuttings implies pruning only stiffened branches: from still green shoots, the root system cannot develop.
Propagation of ficus by cuttings is the most popular method among gardeners, because it differs in ease of implementation and a high degree of successful rooting after. For cutting, it is necessary to prepare a sharp disinfected blade. All manipulations should be carried out in a warm room with good lighting. The slice must be made as far as possible from the top of the sprout, however, the first kidney should be at least 10 mm from the slice. The length of the branch itself should be approximately 16 cm.
Rinse off white milky juice immediately. Propagation of ficus by the cuttings for large-leaf plants also includes pruning of leaves to half. Before placing the sprouts in water, activated carbon is placed in it to disinfect the cut site. To speed up rooting, you can put the cutted stalk in a special greenhouse.
The container with the handle is covered with a jar on top and put in a warm place. When the roots appear, the jar is removed and the stalk is planted in the soil. At the time of adaptation of the plant, you can cover the soil with polyethylene.
Propagation by cuttings is the easiest way, because it does not require special care for the sprouts themselves after pruning. After circumcision, it is only necessary to regularly change the water in the vessel. Within a month, the root system will be visible on the handle. After the appearance of the roots, the sprouts are planted in small pots. If they are too large, the root system will begin to rot.
Aerial cuttings and sprouts with leaves
Propagation of ficus at home by the cuttings includes breeding by cuttings with leaves. From the top edge of the handle to the place of cut, it should be the same as in the first case, 16 cm. The branches are planted immediately in the ground and placed in a separate room with a certain temperature regime and appropriate humidity. The leaves are folded into a tube and tied with a soft thread, so as not to injure.
After 30 days, the processes already have a fairly powerful rhizome. Similarly, for the propagation of ficus, a leaf is used, this method of vegetation is especially relevant if a large-leaved plant variety grows at home. At home, it is not necessary to cut branches. You can propagate ficus by air layers. To do this, find a suitable woody twig and cut off all the leaves from it.
A circular incision is made on the trunk at the joint. Milk juice should be removed with a wet cotton swab, avoiding the ingress of poison on exposed skin. A sliver is inserted into the notch itself, and around it is treated with moss and wrapped with polyethylene. The film must be airtight so that moisture does not evaporate from the notch. However, there should be sufficient air under the film to prevent decay.
Leaving involves monitoring the challenge. When the moss is covered with roots, the sprout can be planted in another pot. All kinds of stimulants can be used to accelerate growth.
Reproduction of ficus can be carried out by seeds. The fresher they are, the greater the chance of germination. Planting seeds can be made at any time of the year, if possible, to illuminate future sprouts. The best time for landing is from February to April.
The soil in the container for planting is poured not to the top, but 3-5 cm lower. The soil is well moistened and tamped by hand or a plank. Seeds should be applied evenly in rows. To do this, use a thin stick moistened with water. Each seed is glued to a stick and only after that it is brought into the ground.
If fine-grained soil is used, a small layer is added over the seeds. To create the necessary humidity, the pots should be covered with glass or film. Depending on the type of plant, it is necessary to additionally cover the pot with paper. The first shoots appear in 10-60 days.
Seedling care includes:
- airing every 4 days;
- transfer to a brighter room when the first sprouts appear.
Initially, the sprouts are completely unlike ficuses. Growth is very slow. The leaflet appears only after 1.5 months. Young shoots are planted only after 3 months. During transplantation, you must make sure that the neck of the rhizome is at the same level as before.
One of the important factors of favorable further development and growth is plant transplantation. There are several signs by which you can determine that it is time to transplant a flower:
- at the bottom of the pot, roots stick out from the ventilation holes;
- the soil dries too quickly after watering;
- plexus of roots is visible in the upper part of the soil.
How often the transplant will be carried out depends on the age of the plant. If these are young trees, then the pot should be changed once a year, for older plants it is recommended to change the pot no more than 1 time in 2 years. Carry out the procedure in early spring. When deciding to use the cropped top to multiply the flowers in the house, it is preliminarily kept in water until the roots appear.
Experienced flower growers say that indoor ficus can be planted without roots in the ground. However, this procedure requires certain skills, so it is better to use the exact method and do it right. When the sprout starts roots, its rooting in the soil will be much faster and the plant will develop much better.
Changing the pot occurs by transshipment. In the prepared pot with ventilation holes, drainage is laid at the bottom. Then the universal mixture is filled up to about half, a flower is carefully taken out of the old pot along with earthen coca. Before transplanting, you do not need to pre-fill the plant. Next, put the rhizome in a new container and fill the plant around the ground so that the neck of the rhizome is not buried, but is in the same place, otherwise the flower may die.
Features of breeding of different varieties
Indoor ficuses are divided into many types. Caring for each of them involves a separate vegetative propagation. It is necessary not only to create comfortable conditions, but also to be able to properly plant ficus. Benjamin is a variegated representative, which is suitable for all types of vegetation described above. This species includes such varieties as:
- natalie and others.
The easiest way to propagate these plants is cuttings. Also, when forming a crown in a young plant, you can tear off the top and use it for further breeding.
Broadleaf rubber is propagated by air bends or cuttings. Cutting a leaf in such plants is not practical: it cannot become a full-fledged plant, even if the root system is developed. The most popular varieties of this species are Belize, Abidjan, Robusta, Tineke, etc. Bush ficus is propagated by cuttings. The most striking representative of dwarf ficuses is anuk.
Caring for ficus is a simple matter, but it requires compliance with some nuances. So that plants always delight the eye and envy guests, you need to not only create comfortable conditions for growth, but also learn how to transplant plants and reproduce them correctly.
Often when pruning young ficuses that are tree-shaped, people don’t know what to do with the top. You should wipe the milky juice and put the shoot to dry, then hold it in water until the roots appear, and you can safely plant it in the ground. Propagation by cuttings requires absolutely no effort. Caring for the cut sprout involves only a regular change of water throughout the month. It is this period that will be needed to form the root system.
The method of breeding by air outlets is much more complicated and requires certain skills. You can learn more about this method and others by watching the video "all methods of propagating ficus." The video will show you a step-by-step transplant plan. Another method of propagation is seeds. This process of vegetation is the longest and most laborious. Ficus can be propagated in various ways, and the method of propagation of flowers will directly depend on their variety.