How to plant pepper in open ground

Proper planting of pepper in the open ground is the key to productivity. The growth and development of seedlings, as well as the quality of the crop, depend on this.

How to plant pepper in open ground

Landing Features

When planting pepper seedlings in open ground, the following features are taken into account:

  • the temperature of growing sweet or bitter pepper,
  • desired humidity level
  • cultivation method: as a rule, this vegetable crop is cultivated without pinching and pinching, however, for some varieties of sweet Bulgarian and bitter pepper, these procedures increase productivity,
  • illumination of the place where the landing is planned,
  • soil condition: sweet and bitter varieties do not grow on acidic soils.

The most suitable varieties for planting in open ground are Gladiator, Ermak, Victoria, sharp Chile, a Vietnamese bouquet, Ukrainian and others.

Planting dates are directly dependent on the climate. Landing occurs in May in May, and in June in colder regions.

Seat selection

In open ground, pepper does not grow well in beds, next to which groundwater passes. This should be considered when choosing a place to grow. The problem with the occurrence of soil flows is solved by the erection of a high warm bed.

The vegetable growing area should be protected from wind drafts. For this purpose, summer residents near the place where they plant bushes of sweet Bulgarian and hot pepper often make a partition or wattle from plants. It is good for this planting of corn in 1-2 rows at a distance of 0.7-1.0 m from the beds with pepper, which are sown 2-3 weeks before transplanting pepper seedlings.

The soil

When planting pepper seedlings, the soil in open conditions should be fertile and moist.

Soil improvement measures:

  • Add rotted sawdust (10 l per 1 sq. M of planting area), manure (in the same volume), peat (20 l per 1 sq. M of beds).
  • Add coarse river sand and rotted sawdust (1 bucket each).
  • For peat soil, sod or humus is added, 10 liters per 1 sq. Km. m
  • They add peat or clay: 20 l of humus with 10 l of wood shavings.

Fertilizers

Before planting, soil for seedlings of peppers is fertilized: per 1 sq. Km. m landings account for 1 tbsp. fly ash and superphosphate, 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and 1 tsp. urea. When all the required nutrient components are added, the earth is dug up and beds are made at a height of about 30 cm. The leveled soil surface is watered with mulled water (0.5 l per bucket) or sodium humate (1 tbsp. Per 10 l of water).

Fertilizer consumption rate is about 4 liters per 1 sq. Km. m

Preparatory stages

Observe landing depth

In order to grow strong young seedlings for subsequent planting in open ground, you need to regularly conduct mineral dressing and properly water them.

Top dressing

Pepper likes organic matter, which is recommended to be applied to the soil at intervals of every 10 days. Also, after a dive, the plants respond well to foliar spraying. Among the suitable drugs, Kemira Combi occupies a special place. This fertilizer has many useful mineral components. The solution is diluted with water by spraying the foliage, conducting such events in the morning, before the sun's rays begin to warm.

Yellow spots appearing on the foliage indicate a lack of a nitrogen-containing component.

Watering

For the full development of seedlings, along with the right fertilizer, regular watering is important. Watering young seedlings is necessary so as not to over-moisten the soil and not to make it too dry. Rarely carried out irrigation leads to leaf decay and general wilting, and excessive irrigation leads to impaired development of the measles system.

Hardening

Before planting the grown seedlings in open ground, it is hardened 2 weeks before the planting date. They start with the removal of seedlings at a temperature of about 15 ° C, gradually lowering the degree to a mark of 11 ° C.

Landing technology

Having reached the age of 50-60 days with the appearance of 7-9 developed leaflets, if strong internodes have formed, the seedlings are ready for planting.

The most suitable time for planting pepper is considered to be evening. Before transplanting to an open garden, hardened seedlings are carefully watered: then they will not become sluggish and will not lag behind in development.

Installed pegs, to which the bush is subsequently tied up, can protect young plants from breaking.

Biohumus in an amount of 200-300 g is poured into each well, a spoonful of ash powder and a spoonful of crushed eggshells are also poured 1-2 l of a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Young peppers are planted in open ground at the same height at which they grew seedlings with an acceptable depth of not more than 2 cm. Tall peppers are planted in the center of the soil, and undersized - on the sides of the beds.

Landing scheme

The planting pattern can be in rows, every 0.65 m with a distance between bushes of 0.4 m. You can also plant sweet pepper in a square-nesting manner according to the pattern 60 cm x 60 cm or 70 cm x 70 cm. Some summer residents prefer to plant young seedlings of 2-3 per well, however, thickened planting leads to a decrease in yield.

Reduce the number of irrigations and the need for weeding can be through the use of technology for growing on a black film. This method involves planting peppers in open ground in the holes made in the film, which are previously covered with a fertilized, moistened and mulched with peat bed. In this planting, a 45 cm x 50 cm pattern is used.

After young seedlings are planted, seedlings take root slowly, therefore, at this stage it is important to help plants adapt to new, non-domestic conditions and improve air circulation, loosening the earth around the bush.

If the agricultural technology was carried out correctly, Bulgarian sweet or hot peppers will please the owners with taste and productivity.

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