How many times a day do you need to feed rabbits
To grow healthy and strong animals, you need to know the features of their diet. How many times a day to feed rabbits? We will analyze what and how much should be given to the eared, so that there would be no problems in the future.
Rules for feeding rabbits
Beginner breeders find it difficult to understand the intricacies of breeding, so they often make certain mistakes. No need to calculate the ratio of protein to carbohydrate per month on a calculator. Knowing the basics of feeding, you can avoid trouble.
- Quality products. It is forbidden to give rotten and moldy feed. Wet, frostbitten, or frost-covered food is a source of disease.
- A varied menu. Even the most delicious diet quickly becomes boring. Rabbits are more sensitive to food, so it is important to offer them different types.
- Water. Dry food is better absorbed only with an abundance of fresh liquid. The lack of an important element is first reflected in the form of constipation and lack of milk in nursing females.
- Food is given at specific times. Animals quickly get used to the schedule and wait for food.
- You cannot feed all groups equally. The daily rate for each type of rabbit is different.
Eared eat at least 30 times in 24 hours. According to the Mikhailov system, animals have regular access to products. In nature, the rodent constantly finds twigs or grass, so the body receives enough nutrients. In this case, the livestock grows healthy and strong, without a hint of obesity.
With a cellular content, not only plant foods, but also animal products are necessarily obtained. Experienced breeders give fish oil, bone meal and whole milk with whey. It is useful to give silage with the addition of beets, potatoes and concentrate. Be sure to include trace elements.
Rabbits eat very often, so it seems to beginners that the animal is constantly chewing something. Farms prefer two meals a day: morning and evening. At home, practice three times the feed:
- in winter - at 8, 12 and 17 hours;
- in the summer - at 6, 15 and 19.
In cold weather, in the morning and evening they give half the ration of the concentrate (grain) and the same amount of silage. At noon, it is better to feed root crops. In warm seasons, at the beginning and end of the day, dry food (50%) and grass are preferred. The dried herbs are divided into 3 portions and introduced each time.
This diet will help to quickly build muscle in animals. Always check for potable water. Liquid in cold weather must be warmed up to room temperature.
Meat breeds are grown according to a certain pattern. It is important in a few weeks not only to increase weight, but also to get an excellent ratio of meat and fatness. Experienced breeders recommend starting the process 42 days before the alleged slaughter.
How and how many times a day to feed rabbits? More than 50% of the menu consists of concentrates, and to increase fat, it is recommended to give boiled potatoes, corn and barley. Peas and oats are sometimes allowed, and parsley and dill are mixed with hay.
Animals must move less and gain weight faster. To do this, their movement is limited to a cell in which no more than 6 eared heads are sitting. They are sent to the slaughter after individuals become lazy and they are little interested in food.
Diet during mating
To get healthy and strong rabbits, you need to take care of the condition of future parents. The thin ones are provided with enhanced nutrition, and the fat ones are transferred to a diet. Lack or excess of fat leads to stillbirth, and in males the quality of sperm decreases.
Intensive feeding of depleted individuals begins a month before the mating period. It is necessary to increase the daily diet, bringing it closer in nutritional value to the menu of the ladies. Abundance and diversity complement multivitamins.
To improve sperm quality in males, protein foods should be used. To enrich the meal, add oilcake, meat and bone meal and fish meal. During mating, you can not use products that contribute to obesity, therefore, exclude:
The viability of rabbits depends on the state of health of the producing animals. It is advised to provide a full and varied diet with a sufficient number of useful trace elements. Veterinary supplements can be used at this point.
What should a rabbit eat during rest? A typical diet consists of a third of the grain and 70% of the hay. Add to food (in grams per head):
- salt - 1;
- bone meal - 4;
- ground shell - 2.
Features of the menu of females
There is a lot of pregnant rabbit. Obese mothers are difficult to give birth. Before the round, the daily norm is reduced, but fasting is not allowed. Lack of nutrients leads to a delay in the natural development of the fetus.
One rabbit eats from 60 to 100 g of vegetable feed (oats, concentrate, legumes) per day. Additionally, add sunflower or soybean meal - not more than a third of the norm. Since there is still no lactation, half a kilogram of grass is enough.
Do not forget about carrots and potatoes: 250 g per head. Minerals and vitamins are necessarily given to female puppets, and fish oil and meat and bone meal are suitable as natural additives. It is important to monitor water quality.
After birth, you need to increase lactation. Lactating rabbit eats green grass in the summer, and in the cold seasons it is better to give root crops, hay and silage. Feeding rates are increased from 20 to 45 days (in grams per individual):
- compound feed - 150;
- juicy menu - 300;
- grass - 1000.
Lactating females need to consume 60-70 g of protein per day with food. The composition of their feed should include at least 17-18% of an important product.
Kids watch their mom and soon begin to try adult food themselves. To prevent the rabbit from starving, you need to add 30 g of concentrate and hay to the daily dose in the winter, and 25 and 60 in the summer. In this case, you can not worry about lack of food and a decrease in lactation.
Features of the menu of young animals
Feeding rabbits has its own subtleties. It is better to plant babies in the period from 30 to 45 days after birth. If mother milk is deprived at an earlier age, the digestive system of young people will not have time to form properly. Any "adult" diet is not suitable for eating crumbs, so everything new is introduced gradually.
Fattening young rabbits
Experienced farmers prefer to use granular concentrate. The daily feed rate in young rabbits is (in grams per head):
- up to 2 months - from 85 to 125;
- up to 90 days - from 130 to 170;
- from 13 weeks - from 180 to 200.
By the way, the menu can be diversified with greens and hay. Compound feed is reduced to 85%, and the remaining 15% is used for grass. In the morning they give half the daily norm of dry food, and in the evening root crops are added to the residue. In the afternoon they recommend not to forget about the silo. Wet foods are given so that they are eaten for 1.5 hours.
Warm seasons are a great time to diversify your animal menu. The basis of the diet becomes both grass and a leaf of radish, carrots. Eared well absorb branches of fruit varieties of trees. It is not forbidden to offer apples, cabbage and waste from them.
You can not give sugar and red beets in large quantities. Foods cause increased gas production, leading to bloating. It is allowed to use fodder root crops. To improve digestion give odorous herbs:
To prevent dental problems, dried stalks of garlic are used, and plantain is a natural antibiotic. Young nettle will become a natural source of vitamins. By the way, such a delicacy can be given to both nursing rabbits and meat species.
How many greens are allowed per pet? On average, adults eat up to 600 g of grass, rabbits - from 150 g or more. The content of lactating mothers allows you to increase the rate by 2 times. Using this type of diet reduces dry food intake and saves concentrates.
In cold seasons, animals are often deficient in vitamins. Microelements A, D, E and B12 are sure to be added to the daily feed standards for rabbits. High-quality hay and fermented green food will provide the body with important components. Once a day add fish oil (in grams per head):
- rabbits - 0.5;
- lactating females - 3;
- pregnant women - 2;
- other animals - 1.
Germinated grain is rich in vitamin E, so it is regularly given to both children and adults. If there is no time to grow greens, then sometimes it can be replaced with yeast. Within 5 days, one individual is fed up to 6 g of a bakery product. Then they take a break of 72 hours and repeat again.
How to feed rabbits in winter
Turnips, cabbage and dry grass for the winter are ripened in barrels. Add carrots and salt (1% of the total mass). For an adult animal, such food should be no more than 300 g, and young animals need only 100 g per head. To prevent vitamin deficiency, experienced farmers sometimes give needles of coniferous crops.
How much should a rabbit eat in winter? During this period, 50% of the total diet is concentrated, and the rest is silage and juicy foods. Carbohydrates that can be obtained from boiled root crops are perfectly absorbed.
Things to remember
Eared pets like to chew on something, so you need to be careful about food of animal origin. Dairy products are on the menu in limited quantities. For one individual, 10 g per day is allowed, which are used both raw and added to the mash.
The rabbit should eat grain, but experienced farmers advise to grind large cereals in a grinder beforehand. Such food is easily absorbed and does not cause rejection in young animals. During feeding, you need to carefully monitor the taste preferences of pets and do not let scatter unloved components.
Eared can not eat fresh bread. The product is best cut into small pieces and dried in the oven. Rusks are used as an additional treat. Do not get carried away with the waste from the table and give food with an abundance of spices and salt.
Autumn and spring is the period of transition from one type of food to another. Do not advise to carry out the procedure abruptly, otherwise digestive problems can be provoked. The gradual introduction of new types of food should be done within 7 days. If diarrhea begins, then the animals should be given oak sprigs.
Knowing the norms of feeding rabbits per day per 1 head, you can accurately calculate the consumption of a product per month. Our recommendations will help you find the best menu for every stage of animal life. Thanks to seasonal knowledge, it’s easy to adjust your diet.