How many days does the chicken incubate eggs
To increase the number of birds, you need to apply incubation. But for beginners, the important question always arises: “How many days does the chicken hatch eggs, what is needed for this?” In a brief review we will analyze in detail all the subtleties and factors that influence this process.
How much chicken hatches eggs
Using a brood hen for several weeks to obtain chickens is the fastest way to increase the herd population. But before that, you need to find out how much chicken eggs hatch. This species of bird has the strongest maternal instinct, so it will not be difficult to put a female on an egg. Beginner farmers are worried about the natural process, what needs to be done additionally, therefore, we will tell about important subtleties.
The health of the brood depends not only on the brood hen, but also on the knowledge of the host. Good nutrition, the creation of optimal living conditions affect the fertilization of eggs and the immunity of the mother. Chickens rush without a rooster, but you can’t use this material to procreate.
In the presence of a male, the cell is fertilized and moves to the yolk membrane. A protein is formed around it, after which a natural defense is formed - the shell. In the finale, the bird carries an egg. 40 minutes pass before the postponement and transition to the next stage, but the whole process takes about 20 hours, that is, practically within one day.
When the hen reaches puberty
The brood instinct is more pronounced in individuals of heavy breeds. They are not so mobile, so they sit for a long time on the nest without problems. From the livestock, it is important to choose a suitable female, which must cope with a serious procedure and a rooster.
Puberty is not the same for all chickens. Egg breeds are ready after 5 months, and ordinary and meat species - 34 weeks after birth. You can determine by external signs observing the hens throughout the day, but the most characteristic is the darkening of the head crest.
How does a chicken incubate eggs? Elevated body temperature creates the optimal microclimate for the formation of the embryo. Under normal conditions, it does not exceed 37 ° C, but with the advent of the maternal instinct it increases to 42 ° C. The ratio of heat to periodic flipping helps in the birth of a new life.
How to choose a bird
Before you know how many days you need to incubate eggs, you need to find the "right" die. Not all sexually mature individuals are suitable for this important procedure. There are signs by which you can determine the expectant mother.
- The claw. The bird makes short, guttural sounds, unlike the usual singing.
- Comb color change. The growth on the head dims and fills with blood.
- Anxiety. The nature of the future mother is transformed. Yesterday, a sociable being becomes irritable and nervous.
- Fever. An increase of 2-3 ° C is palpable by hands.
- Permanent stay in the nest. Corydalis avoids a society of its own kind, is looking for a quiet place.
The clawing bird is not always ready for hatchery to nest; the chicken must mature for this. Experienced farmers recommend for a couple of days to put tricks under the mother for sitting out. If the mood of the quack has not changed, then incubation material can be added.
Professionals know that not all sexually mature females are able to sit on a nest. The club should have a number of characteristic features:
- dense body without obesity;
- large wings and crest;
- wide belly;
- pure plumage without baldness.
The bird rises before everyone else, and in the evening is in no hurry to sit down on the perch. Her physical abilities allow us to plant a sufficient number of eggs, and her behavior speaks of enhanced maternal instinct. Before the process, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment against parasites.
Pay attention to eggs for hatching
While the brood hen is sitting on the blende, it is worth starting to collect the incubation raw materials. Remember that to get healthy offspring you need to take fresh eggs. Optimum shelf life of no more than 6 days. Starting from the next day, the quality of raw materials deteriorates by 10%.
How to prepare the material? It is necessary to pay attention to the structure of the shell and shape. Experienced farmers manually inspect each instance, leaving the raw materials:
- no cracks;
- medium size;
- with a smooth surface;
It is not advised to give preference to small or giant eggs. In the first case there will be a bad embryo, and in the second there is a probability of a double yolk. By the way, huge raw materials are not always placed under the hen.
Before you put the chicken on the nest, the material is seen through an ovoscope. Any inclusions and veins indicate the unsuitability of the product for incubation. From 10 to 15 units are placed under one bird. It is important that they lie in one layer and are completely covered with feathers.
By the way, professionals use corydalis to incubate eggs of geese and ducks. How long does the chicken incubate such eggs? Remember that the size of the source material does not coincide with the "native", so you need to choose the optimal amount. For ducklings, from 9 to 11 units are placed, and with specimens of larger bird species, a maximum of 7.
How long does a laying hen sit on eggs? The hatching process lasts 21 days, after which the chickens begin to hatch. During this period, the raw materials are checked three times on an ovoscope, separating the missing. Often the bird itself rejects frozen specimens.
When overheated, chicks may appear 24-48 hours earlier. If after 21 days the kids do not show signs of life, then you should not wait longer. It is recommended to inspect the entire masonry: a bursting shell should indicate that the baby does not have enough strength to get out. Professionals advise to help the baby and gently tear off the coating. When the blood comes out, the procedure is immediately stopped.
If duck raw materials are used for incubation, then the terms are increased to 28 days. Goslings appear after 30 days. It is important to remember these features and not to attach material of different types. The bird will leave the nest after the first chick has hatched and it will be difficult to force it to continue the process and the eggs will have to ripen in the incubator.
Newbie mistakes in poultry farming
Beginners often make a common mistake: they gradually lay eggs under the hen while getting hatched of different-aged chickens. As a result of negligence, breeding dates are violated and many chickens have to be left to “ripen” in an incubator or under another bird if there are any that are sitting. If you want to bring a healthy livestock, then make sure that the quack has sat down on all copies at the same time.
What to do if you can’t bite chicks at the same time? Experienced farmers plant young animals in a separate box or basket. In the manger, a constant temperature is maintained from 26 to 28 ° C. After the process is completed, the chicks are given to the mother.
After the first masonry, the Corydalis is able to sit one more and more. But do not experiment. The procedure is very exhausting for the chicken and it takes some time to recover. If you need a continuous process of excretion, then it is better to purchase an artificial incubator.
How to care for offspring
For 21 days, the bird sits on the eggs. Depending on the nature of the individual, it is advised to install the nest in a chicken coop in a calm, twilight place. Water and feed are nearby. Some nervous mothers can leave the masonry, so they are covered with a net or a drawer with holes on top.
Care must be taken during the whole time. If the Corydalis does not rise for food, then it is removed on its own. Gently raise their wings and legs, trying not to crush the shell. Young individuals often have to be fed forcefully. During this period, high-calorie grains and a special diet are used.
The chicken that hatches the eggs is very dependent on the host. A person is obliged to monitor the periods of rest of the future mother. However, after 20 minutes, the masonry will begin to cool, so the bird is seated back. It is important not to scare her and not to bother her again.
While the hen eats, it is advised to carefully examine the nest. Crushed chicken eggs and dirty litter are thrown away. In cold weather, the excretion site can be covered with a light cotton cloth.
How to wean from hatching
What to do if the layer began to claw? Not always the internal hen schedule may coincide with the farmer's desire. Often in one household several individuals sit on an egg or choose the wrong time. Time-tested methods will help correct this situation.
For a short time, weaken stress from the maternal instinct. Often the video offers the most unusual techniques. However, experts advise bathing in containers with cold water. Body temperature decreases, so the layer ceases to claw after a couple of days.
If the bird does not respond to the execution, then it is locked in an empty nest without litter and masonry. Remember that even one egg will provoke hatching. Mother is put into a lonely enclosure until she forgets about instinct.
What a hen might dream about
Why do we see a hen in a dream? For household chores, we often do not think about the meaning of dreams. Our ancestors preserved information that would be of interest to contemporaries. We will analyze the basic interpretations of visions.
In the dream book, chicken is a symbol of prosperity, therefore, if you see a healthy beautiful individual, you should not worry. Buying corydalis, a person gets good luck and easy profit in his life. Calm clucking hints at a joyful event.
If a pregnant woman sees in a dream a poultry, then this means the birth of a girl. Feed the hens? Ancestors claimed that such a sign symbolizes good guests. The larger the stock, the more pleasant the meeting will be.
The abundance of chicken dishes in the dream book is great news. Unexpected news will please and bring happiness and fun to the house. But if you see the process of killing birds, then the news will be unpleasant and shocking.
See the dreams of a rooster? The subconscious mind warns of a surprise that is not always joyful. The “head” of chickens rushing at a predator is a symbol of a weak defender. Complex chores means an attempt to catch a brisk male. The interpretation of meanings is different in the dream book, but the essence remains the same.
An egg is a symbol of ideas and new plans. Chicken hen means a healthy expectation. Do not rush things: let everything go as it should. Sometimes it's better to go to a goal for a long time than to lose everything quickly.
In the dream book the symbol of chickens is ambiguous. Clean, healthy kids portend small joys in the house. But if the crumbs run away in fear, then this promises trouble. A mother with a brood is most likely to have a loss. A bird with dark plumage speaks of an impending sacrifice, and with white - to success.
Don't like the meaning of vision in a dream book? We advise you not to worry and repeat the words of an ancient conspiracy three times:
Whatever you dream about, you can forget during the day.
Our ancestors washed their face with blessed water and no longer remembered an unpleasant dream. They threw a coin in the window with the words "Paid". Such a ritual neutralized any negative prediction.
Crock hatching is a simple and affordable way to increase bird numbers. Our recommendations will help you choose a healthy individual and chicken eggs. Observance of simple rules will easily allow you to get strong young animals, despite the number of times the chicken incubates eggs.