How to make bonsai from ficus Benjamin

Bonsai is the art of harmony and balance, it is a process of creating compact trees that sets a person on a wave with nature. To make a bonsai with your own hands, it is important to learn how to properly handle the plant and provide it with quality care. To form a bonsai from Benjamin's ficus is a fairly common hobby, because it is simple and easy for beginners to grow such a picky plant. In addition, the plant does not need an additional period of rest.

Ficus Benjamin Bonsai

Features of growing bonsai

Benjamin's ficus bonsai is grown by many gardeners with their own hands. In addition to the mentioned variety, they often resort to the formation of bonsai from Bengal, variegated, dark-leaved, rusty-red and blunt ficus. However, Benjamin's ficus and Microcarp's ficus are more malleable for forming with their own hands. It is necessary to provide plants with high-quality care in order to prevent leaf decay and deterioration of their appearance. A master class will be quite useful, which includes the step-by-step creation of a bonsai from ficus Benjamin.

Regardless of the type of plant, it is important to clearly follow these steps:

  • properly plant a flower;
  • trim and form the crown and roots in a timely manner;
  • provide periodic transplantation and ongoing care.

It is convenient to form a bonsai from Benjamin's ficus in many ways, including:

  • branched root system of a plant;
  • the presence of massive, corrugated and ornate trunks;
  • ability to rapidly grow and develop leaves and roots;
  • the presence of beautiful bark and small leaves.

Getting a beautiful tree with proper care is possible after a couple of years. It is very important to pay attention to the choice of the form of decorative structures, because the development of ficus depends on this. A specialized workshop can tell about how to form a plant. For ficuses, the options below are best suited.

  1. The traditional erect form, which is mainly chosen by beginning gardeners because of simplicity, because a straight column and branched thick roots are enough to make a bonsai. In an erect form, the number of branches gradually decreases upward.
  2. An irregular erect form is characterized by the presence of a slight bend in the trunk (there may be several). Each bend should be formed with your own hands using laces. Neither sheets nor crowns can be located outside the container.
  3. The inclined version assumes that the trunk is tilted in one direction, while the roots “turn” in the opposite direction.
  4. The bifurcated form speaks for itself. In this case, one common root gives a pair of trunks. The formation of such an option at home is considered quite difficult.

For manipulation of bonsai 2 manipulations can help. This can be the formation of roots or crowns with your own hands. As for the first option, only multiple trimming is enough. To facilitate the task, a spacious large container filled with high-quality drainage is often used. It is important to monitor the pruning so that the sheets do not begin to fall off and turn yellow. Caring for ficus largely depends on nutrition.

An important element in creating a decorative tree is the selection of the container, because it can not be called an ordinary flower pot. Bonsai can be grown in containers with sizes not exceeding 30 cm and a depth of not more than 5 cm. The legs of the container should reach 10-15 mm in height, and the tank itself should be equipped with drainage holes: one for every 10 square meters. cm.

Crown and trunk formation actions

The formation of the trunk is one of the important stages of cultivation. In order to give the tree the necessary shape at home, you need a thin wire, complemented by insulation, under which a soft cloth is placed to prevent damage to the bark of the plant. Next, proceed as follows:

  • after rooting the seedling, the trunk should be wrapped in the planned bend and tightened a little;
  • further Benjamin's ficus bends in the desired direction;
  • at the end of several months, the wire can be removed, since the tree will fix the desired shape on its own: the wire must be carefully cut with sharpened scissors.

Starting pruning, which never brings ficus complications and troubles, it is important to remember that this should be done only after 5-10 leaves appear on the shoot.

It is impossible to answer the question of how to make bonsai from ficus Benjamin without touching on the topic of pruning: it contributes to the active growth and growth of green mass by the plant. After the manipulations, 1 branch should remain with 2-5 sheets. Trimming yourself at home is easy step by step:

  • pruning ficus Benjamin always starts from the bottom of the crown;
  • its formation should go according to the plan of giving the desired shape;
  • shortening the branches, it is not necessary to affect the leaf of the plant;
  • after pruning, it is important to lubricate the damage with garden var.

The best time to make pruning is considered to be the spring period, and to correct the “hairstyle”, summer is suitable when you can remove the protruding branches that do not correspond to the idea. Pruning is strictly prohibited after the arrival of autumn and during winter, when the ficus enters the dormant period.

Before forming your compact and comforting tree, it is important to remember an interesting feature of the plant: ficuses always “bleed”. Damaged after the cut, the place is covered with milk juice, dangerous to humans.

Features of bonsai care measures

Care for decorative ficus at home is quite simple. In order not to cause trouble, it is necessary to take into account recommendations from professionals.

  1. You can grow a bonsai in the western or eastern part of the apartment, protected from direct exposure to the sun. The tree can be placed on windows and placed in the room itself. It is important that the tank is always provided with heat and open air.
  2. The plant should be protected from draft and climatic changes (especially in the cold season).
  3. From the ficus, grown in room conditions, the necessary useful components that feed the soil are washed away fleetingly, so the need for fertilizing increases. It is better to feed the tree regularly, using special preparations intended for fertilizer. During the spring and summer, the plant is fed every 14 days, and in the frosty season, top dressing is reduced to 1 time in 30 days.
  4. Care can not be complete without everyday, albeit not plentiful, watering. The best option is to use an aerosol spray. It is possible to grow a decorative tree only due to additional moistening of the crowns: without this step, the leaves will dry and fall off. There is also a risk of developing an infection.
  5. For dressing, you can use chemical and organic fertilizers.
  6. To carry out the transplant, you will need to purchase or independently prepare a special mixture.

After all the steps have been completed, the container is placed in a dark place. Speaking about the soil mixture for bonsai, it is important to note that ficuses are considered the most unpretentious plants, because they get along with any soil. But, despite this, you can grow real Japanese bonsai only on a special nutrient substrate from an even ratio of fertile turf, leaf soil, charcoal and half the proportion of sand. Self-care and preparation of the mixture allows you to save money and carefully monitor the ingredients used. If it is not possible, in a home-made version of the mixture, ready-made soils or universal slightly acidic substrates are used.

Natural ventilation, fluid drainage, and oxygenation of the roots are obtained by drainage. To form a special drainage layer for a shallow container, you need to follow a certain sequence of actions: first, the lower holes are covered with a plastic mesh, which is covered with coarse sand and a couple of centimeters of substrate.

Transplant and watering rules

For the first 3 years, the decorative tree is transplanted every year using a new substrate, and the size of the new container should exceed the previous one by a couple of centimeters. The bottom of the tank is filled with coarse sand and covered with a net, the substrate fills only 1/3 of the container. After the ficus is taken out, brushed off from accumulated dirt and washed with warm water. The roots are shortened by 50%, and they completely get rid of thin filiform roots. The remaining wounds can be treated with a solution of activated carbon. Ficus is placed in a container and poured in such a way as to leave the upper third of the roots above the ground. The earth is compacted (but not too much), watered and covered with sphagnum.

Due to the small size of the container, it is important to monitor the regular watering of the bonsai: you cannot skip a single day, because each leaf needs additional moisture. If possible, you can install an air humidifier in the apartment, place a small bowl filled with water or a fountain near the tree. Such measures contribute to raising the level of humidity, especially when the bonsai is located near heating batteries, fireplaces, etc. In the hot season, you need to spray the plant with water 2-3 times a day.

Thus, to form a bonsai from ficus is within the power of every grower who does not even have experience in crop production. Those who were able to grow a bonsai note that this process not only calms the nerves, diversifies leisure and helps to decorate the room, but also has a positive effect on health. Caring for a plant over time becomes a habit and a pleasant pastime.

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