How to make bonsai from ficus
Indoor plants are indispensable when creating a home atmosphere of comfort. Ficus bonsai is a rather popular trend in floriculture, and such a composition looks beautiful. A flower in the house cleans the air, which positively affects health.
A flower tree appears in the house with connoisseurs of ulterior motive. The whole blame is the fashion trend. Potted bonsai flowers are popular with indoor plant lovers. With the right approach, growing it is not difficult.
This tiny tree came to us from Japan, it is there that all types of cultivation have philosophical meaning. To grow ficus really at home, for this you should adhere to proper care. Caring for the ficus bonsai and conducting the formation of the crown is a fascinating task, because it looks impressive and unusual.
Choose a plant
Bonsai are made not only from ficus, but it is with this plant that it turns out better, and all because its bark looks like a real tree, and miniature leaves look as appropriate as possible. To grow a ficus bonsai, any type of this flower is suitable, the main thing is that it be large. Most still choose the ficus of Benjamin, Microcarp, Panda or Ginseng.
Whatever ficus was chosen, making a bonsai quickly at home will not work, dexterity and patience are important here.
You can make ficus on a stone. In this case, it is advisable to give preference to low-leaf variety.
Why is it better to choose ficus for bonsai
Ficus is the best choice for bonsai. This plant is miniature and unpretentious. Ficus perfectly adapts to all conditions.
The plant has small, but very beautiful leaves to create a miniature tree. Ficus shoots are well rooted. Ficus - care is just a find, because it does not require a lot of attention and water, and this is a huge plus for busy people.
He requires a little more attention in the autumn and spring: at this time, it is necessary to fertilize the ficus once a week, but this will not be difficult.
In order for the flower to grow better, it should be transplanted several times a year, but this rule is not mandatory.
In order to create a beautiful and unusual small tree, you must first root the shoot. Making such a composition is quite simple, and there are several ways to solve this problem. The first option is this: you need to put a twig of ficus in the water, preferably on the windowsill, wait until the roots appear on the branch.
The second option is also simple: they dig up the shoot into the ground and wait for germination. To do this, you need to see that the roots have grown on the branch, then you can already transplant.
It is best to plant in a specific container, which will give the bonsai a special shape. It should be small, with less depth than the roots of the ficus. This is necessary so that the root, or at least part of it, remains not inside the container, outside. The soil in which it is planned to plant a tree should not be super-nutritious, it is better to choose neutral.
After planting the future bonsai, they proceed to create the trunk and crown. This must be done immediately after transplantation. Trunks intertwine. To do this, cut the bark from the branches, bind it, and then fix it using adhesive tape, and leave it in this position until the tree grows.
We form a tree from Benjamin's ficus
To create a bonsai, a certain type of ficus is suitable. For example, Rusty Red Ficus or Dull Ficus. A beautiful tree will be obtained from the ficus Ginseng and Microcarp. Original looks bonsai from ficus Benjamin.
Ficus Benjamin is an excellent choice, because for independent flower cultivation it will take only about 2 months. If the ficus was purchased, before creating the bonsai, you must wait 14 days, and then transplant it into another container with a pallet up to 5 cm deep.
Before you create a bonsai from ficus, a container is prepared. A suitable bonsai container is made independently at home. For a small bonsai, take a shallow (about 3-6 cm) mini flower pot. There should be holes at the bottom. The pot should be on legs from 10 to 20 mm high. First, strengthen the prepared container with a mesh. After that - fill a 5 cm pot with sand, carefully plant the plant in the middle and slowly pour the earth. Do this slowly and as carefully as possible. After this, the ficus is well watered, the water is drained from the pan, otherwise the flower may die due to rotting of the roots. To create such a composition, you need the right care for ficus bonsai.
To create it, it is necessary to pay attention to the trunk: to increase its base. The crown should have a certain shape: conical. Ficus Benjamin does not tolerate tying at all, unlike his brothers. Pruning, grooming, and ficus formation of Benjamin are well tolerated, so when creating a bonsai, it is often cut off in certain places.
Pruning and transplanting at home takes time, so you need to closely monitor any attempts to rot, provide care. It is easy to determine rotting by shoots of ficus. If they suddenly begin to dry out, it is necessary to trim the roots.
In order for a ficus bonsai to turn out beautiful, it is important to choose the right shape and shape the crown. The most common forms for the Ginseng, Panda and Benjamin varieties are classic and erect. Trimming for different varieties is done in different ways. So for your first bonsai it is worth choosing the classic form, because, thanks to it, it will be more convenient to do everything. This form is characterized by a special straight trunk without branches below, and the roots are very thick and branched.
Varieties of Bonsai Forms
- Moyogi. Most bonsai species, such as moogi, have a rather curved trunk. The position of the tree is vertical.
- Syakan. Another form of bonsai is an oblique view or, as it is also called, shakan. This type of form has twisted roots, and the ficus itself is located at an angle.
- Sokan. An interesting bonsai will turn out from the bifurcated form of the sokan. This form is characterized by the fact that several trunks grow from one root, one of which is smaller and the other higher. That is why such a bonsai looks very unusual and beautiful.
- Hokidati. For professionals in cultivation, broom-shaped or hokidati forms that are difficult to perform will serve.
- Grove. A variant of the grove shape is performed immediately from 5 or more ficuses, which differ from each other.
To properly grow bonsai from ficus, you need to learn how to form roots. It is also important to look at the formation of the crown and the trunk as a whole.
To shape the bonsai from ficus, the roots are often trimmed. The same must be done when transplanting a flower. Ficus bonsai grows in breadth, not in height. Young ficus, whether Ginseng or Benjamin, must be planted in a wide pot. Shoots and roots should also be trimmed. If you are not completely sure that you can give the plant the right shape with your own hands, you need to read reviews on the forums and chat with people who already have experience in this matter. You should also search and study training materials, photos and videos.
Creating a crown is an important process in forming an unforgettable small tree. Thanks to her, the flower looks unusual. In order to get a beautiful crown, ficus is cut to 3-5 leaves and do it after 5-9 new leaves grow. Form a crown from the bottom up, for this use scissors. During leaf pruning, latex is released, and after leaf pruning, the slice should be treated with garden var.
Using small scissors, only the stems are cut, but not the leaves. In the autumn-winter period, it is not recommended to prune the flower, since the tree is at a dormant stage. At the end of winter, ficus is gradually watered and pruned. Excess and healthy shoots are allowed for reproduction.
Creating a bonsai leg is an important point, and they devote time to it. There are several ways to create a bonsai leg, each of which is selected based on various factors. Mostly use the most common way. According to this method, the ficus trunk is wrapped with soft, insulated wire along the trunk and twigs. After 7-8 weeks, the wire is carefully removed.
At a ficus, a pair of sprouts should be broken off about 12-14 cm long, after which these sprouts should be put into water. When it became noticeable that brown buds appeared, you need to plant the sprouts in a flat pot. Sprouts should be planted in a row. You can choose for this the most ordinary soil. After some time, the sprouts will grow together.
When the plant begins to grow, you need to twist the branches to it. In a young plant, they are very flexible, and therefore weaving will not harm him. In order for the barrel not to break, it should be wrapped with a dense fabric.
Bonsai differs from other plants in its roots. To bare the roots, you should wait until they become stronger, and then gradually remove the topsoil from them.
When the plant grows to the required mark, it needs to be clipped to the top and form a crown. Using a wire, give direction 2-4 to the main branches, cut the leaves of the plant. You just need to remove new sprouts - and the plant is ready. You can decorate a bonsai, but it all depends on personal fantasies and preferences.
In order for the plant to please you for a long time, it is necessary to take proper care of it. It is necessary to water the plant, but do not fill it with water. If it stands for a long time on top of the soil, the soil should be loosened.
During the growing season, you should put another lamp for additional lighting at home, and in autumn and spring you need to take care of the newly made tree with your own hands more carefully. Once a week you need to fertilize and feed the plant.
Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 years, preferably in the spring. Transplanting is important for the normal growth of the tree. After it, the plant sometimes discards leaves, but do not worry: in a couple of weeks it will regain a bright green color.
Ficus does not like heat, nor does he like cold air: leaves turn yellow from it. It is necessary to protect the plant from this.