How to help an orchid with dry roots
Most orchids are known for moodiness, therefore, require increased attention from the grower. A common problem is that the roots of the orchid dry and wither. To save a flower from death, decisive action is required.
How to help an orchid with dry roots
Causes of drying orchid roots
Orchid roots dry for several reasons. All of them are associated with errors made by the florist when caring for the plant. The main reason is insufficient watering. When the soil is dry, the plant does not receive recharge and slowly dies. To save the flower should only be in case of inefficiency of extraordinary soil moisture.
Dry roots in an orchid can also be from their chemical burns as a result of hard water and fertilizers. Hard water contains a large concentration of metals and salts, which can negatively affect the health of the root system of the flower. The same effect has an overdose of fertilizer. If the roots are dry for this reason, their surface should be covered with a brown coating, and the soil is pulled together by a white crust.
Another possible problem is lowering the humidity level in the room where the plant is grown. For its normal development, 50-60% humidity is required. In winter, during the period of active operation of the heating system, this indicator decreases to 20-25%, which is why the root system dries up. Unfavorable air temperature has the same negative effect. Its indicator should not fall below 18 ° C and rise above 28 ° C.
The roots of orchids also wither away from injuries and infectious diseases. Under such conditions, it is also important to take timely measures to avoid the death of the flower. It will be necessary to organize effective treatment, transplant the flower into a new soil and carefully follow the care recommendations.
Signs of orchid problems
Due to the developmental features, it is not difficult to identify problems that have arisen with the root system in a timely manner. It does not dry out asymptomatically: the lethargy of the peduncle and leaves indicates the problem. The leaves dry out, lose turgor, especially during dormancy.
Another sign is the active formation of an airy root system. In epiphytic plants, the appearance of 1-3 root shoots above the ground is the norm, but when the roots dry in the orchid due to lack of moisture or problems with the temperature regime, most of them rush upwards, outside the soil.
It is important to identify problems with the root system in a timely manner.
The upper parts of the root system can grow in different directions, trying to find access to water. If up - they lack oxygen. Without help, they become dry and bright. Such external features indicate that the roots are already dry.
How to reanimate plant roots
If the roots of the orchid dry, it is important to save the remaining living areas that can give impetus to the development of a new root system. If the flower begins to dry out, identify the affected areas and remove them. The grower should:
- gently get the flower out of the pot;
- remove the peduncle and yellowed leaves;
- check the viability of the root system: the plant is placed in water for several hours; roots that have not dried out will be hard, and sluggish - empty inside - upon palpation of the affected areas, softness of the tissues will be felt.
After inspection, dried roots are removed, and the plant itself is treated with phytosporin to prevent infection with fungal infections. The solution is prepared in a proportion of 6-8 drops of the product per 200 ml of water. The flower is placed in a container with the medicine, kept it there for 6-8 hours, removed and dried. The tips of the remaining roots are treated with crushed activated carbon.
To revive the flower, you need daily baths in room temperature water for 2-3 hours. Not the whole orchid is placed in the water, but only its root section. To maintain the viability of the plant in the remaining time, it is placed on top of a container of water.
If the orchid continues to dry its roots, change the schedule of water procedures. To save the flower helps keep the pot in the water with daily air baths for 2-3 hours. If the roots began to grow, wait until their length reaches 4-5 cm, so that after they transplant to the main place of cultivation.
If there is one healthy root
If the roots of the orchid are not completely dry, 1-2 roots remain unharmed, the actions will be different. The grower should:
- Trim the peduncle (dried roots will not allow it to develop normally).
- Get rid of the affected roots and place the plant in a solution of succinic acid (4 tablets per 1 liter of water) for 2-3 hours.
- Get the plant and dry the roots.
- Plant the flower in a new container with a prepared substrate for orchids.
- The flower will take new roots if it is provided with all the necessary care measures. When keeping an orchid at home, it is important to find a suitable place in the penumbra (the light should be diffused) and monitor the need for watering.
If the orchid's roots dry, this is a sign of poor plant care, so preventive methods are based on providing the flower with comfortable conditions.
The flower needs to provide comfortable conditions
Special attention is paid to:
- Pot selection. Capacity for the flower is selected individually, taking into account the characteristics of the type of plant. Orchid roots can dry when grown in tight pots and rot if large capacity is used.
- Watering. The roots often dry out due to insufficient watering. Monitor the condition of the soil. If it is dry, moisten the soil. The approximate frequency of the event is once a week.
- Temperature and humidity indicators. Providing comfortable conditions for growing a domestic flower affects its growth and development. So that the roots do not become dry, the room is maintained at a temperature of 18 ° -25 ° C and monitored for moderate air humidity (especially in winter). To increase humidity, a container of water is placed next to the plant.
Preventive spraying of the plant against fungal diseases that can damage not only its leaves, but also the root system is also mandatory. The most effective agents are Fitosporin and systemic fungicides (Fundazol). Knowing all these features of flower care helps prevent the drying of the roots of orchids.
If the roots of a home orchid are dried, do not throw away the plant. It is vibrant, and even without a root system can find the strength to survive.
With the right help, you can reanimate the flower by awakening sleeping buds and giving impetus to the development of a new root system.