How to grow white cabbage in the open ground

To grow white cabbage in the open field brought a rich harvest, you must adhere to the correct planting and provide the culture with quality care.

How to grow white cabbage in the open ground

Grade selection

There are several main varieties of cabbage: white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and red cabbage. On the territory of our country, it is the white-headed variety that is more often found.

The most popular varieties for outdoor cultivation are the Grabovsky view, Stakhanovka, Sprinter, Kolobok and Transfer. They are characterized by resistance to negative environmental factors, which simplifies the care of them at home.

If you grow products for the preparation of fresh salads, give preference to varieties of Marshmallows, Explosion or Bella.

Ideal views for pickles are considered Cook or Stakhanovka. For long-term storage at home, the fruits of the varieties Sugarloaf, Uliy or Geyser are suitable.

Outdoor cultivation

Properly grown white cabbage is not easy, because in open ground, the culture is attacked by pests and diseases. It is especially important to take into account the soil moisture shown: an excess of moisture in the soil leads to diseases of the root system.

Varieties of white cabbage are grown in seedlings if planting occurs in an area with a temperate or cool climate. Seedlings are quenched in advance to reduce the risk of disease.

Particular attention is paid to the choice of the site: all varieties of white cabbage are photophilous. They should be planted in well-lit places.

If you follow all the recommendations, it is easy to independently grow high-quality products.

Seedling preparation

Preference is best given to the seedling method of planting. To begin with, they are determined with seeds. They can be bought at a specialty store or used at home. Proper material should be properly processed:

  • Put in warm water (about 60 ° C).
  • Rinse thoroughly under running cold water.
  • Treat with disinfectants and growth stimulants: oxychrome, a solution of manganese or Bordeaux fluid. The seeds are soaked for 20-30 minutes: this is enough to destroy all bacteria and microorganisms.
  • Rinse under running water and place in the freezer.

The ideal timing for sowing seeds is mid-March. It is better to plant the seeds in separate containers: this significantly reduces the risk of damage to the root system when transplanted into open ground.

Optimal conditions for seed germination

Shoots must be tempered

Until the first seedlings begin to form, a temperature of about 22 ° C should be observed in the room. After 2 weeks, it should be lowered to 10 ° C. From the moment the leaves begin to form, the temperature is again raised to 18 ° C.

After the leaves appear, containers with seedlings are placed on the windowsill of the sunny side of the house. Every day, containers turn on the opposite side to the street. This allows seedlings to form evenly.

When 2 pairs of leaves form on a plant, it is taken out daily. The first few days of white cabbage seedlings should be on the street for no more than 30 minutes. Every day, the ventilation interval is increased to harden the plant for future planting in open ground.

Soil requirements

The future crop and seedling quality depend on the soil. Pay attention to the acid-base balance of the soil: it should not exceed 4%. If the level is much higher, then you need to process the earth with lime.

  • the crop in question is not planted after radishes, tomatoes or beets: these vegetables negatively affect soil fertility;
  • preference is given to areas where cucumbers, peas, beans or potatoes were previously grown.
  • only fertile soils are selected, they should contain a large amount of peat; preference is given to loose soil without clay.

Outdoor Landing

Sowing cabbage in open ground is possible only after 2-3 pairs of leaves are formed on the plant. They wait until the soil warms up to the optimum temperature of 13-15 ° C. The best time for landing is the end of May and the beginning of June.

For the proper planting of white cabbage, you should adhere to a certain scheme. Typically, the distance between the rows should be 75 cm, but between the holes should be kept at a distance of 50 cm.

Planting agricultural technology is based not only on a certain distance, but also on preparatory measures. Before planting the crop at the indicated time, at least 1 liter of water is poured into each well and about 500 g of mullein is added. This allows you to increase the fertility of the earth and simplify the adhesion of the root system to the soil.

Care Tips

Proper care will increase crop yields.

It is important to follow the rules of growing and caring for white cabbage. Plants are watered no more than once every 3-4 days. Watering is carried out only in the morning or in the evening.

The culture needs fertilizer. The first feeding is carried out 3 weeks after planting in open ground, it involves the use of phosphorus compounds or organic fertilizers (manure or mullein). The second top dressing is carried out 14 days after the first. At this time, it is advisable to use potassium and phosphorus. Further fertilizers are applied when growth is slowed or fruit is poorly formed.

Care for white cabbage involves regular weeding and removal of weeds. The soil is loosened every time after watering. The depth of weeding should be 6-8 cm. This condition is necessary so that the root system receives the right amount of nutrients and oxygen.

Diseases and Pests

Growing white cabbage in open ground is fraught with the appearance of diseases and pests. Among the most common problems, flies, butterflies, aphids, fleas, or keels are distinguished.

The main symptom of the appearance of flies is the destruction of the root system. Prevention is an early landing. By the beginning of May, when the fly actively multiplies, the plant has fully taken root. The culture is treated with insecticidal drugs. Processing is carried out once a week until the parasite is completely destroyed.

You can get rid of the flea using an ash solution (4 kg of wood ash is used per 10 liters of water). They also spray the bush with a soapy solution or Bordeaux liquid. Effective methods for controlling aphids are professional insecticides or a soap solution. You can get rid of pest butterflies using tincture of potato or tomato tops.

The fungal disease of the keel is manifested as follows: growths form on the plant, leaves fade. It is impossible to cure this disease. The most effective way to save the beds is to remove all the damaged bushes and burn them away from the garden. After that, the soil is treated with lime, for 3-6 years no crops are planted at this place.

Harvest Technology

Harvesting is carried out only after the fruit reaches a weight of 1 kg. You can wait until the weight increases. Harvested in sunny weather. You can cut down the heads of cabbage and put them in the basement. The latter are uprooted, and then they dig in the basement ground. It is important to leave a stalk 3 cm long: this significantly reduces the risk of injury or infection.

Large cabbage is stored on shelves, but so that the heads do not touch. Each fruit is suspended on its own stump. According to the technology, it is important to keep the distance correctly when positioning: about 25 cm from each other.

The cellar should always have a temperature of about 1 ° C. You can store the crop in such conditions until the beginning of May. Pay attention to the humidity in the basement: the recommended level is 90-95%.

Conclusion

Each summer resident tries to grow vegetables on his own site. In order not to make mistakes leading to lower yields, follow the basic recommendations.

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