How to feed little ducklings at home
For beginner poultry farmers, raising ducks at home can be difficult, as it is important for these birds to ensure proper care. The maintenance of ducks has its own characteristics, and some of them are related to their diet. This issue should be approached most carefully if at home they plan to raise small ducklings.
How to feed ducklings in the first days of life
By ensuring proper feeding of these birds in the first days of life and months, the poultry breeder can receive a significant increase in bird weight after 90 days. You can learn how and what to feed ducklings on the first day from the advice of experienced farmers.
Feed for the first time
In the early days of life, ducklings should provide proper care. Most often, feeding newborns causes problems. The thing is that they can not eat food on their own. The farmer should feed the little ducklings with his own hands. All the rules and regulations of this complex business for inexperienced farmers passed from generation to generation. Only hatched birds should be milked with a pipette. Experienced poultry farmers also recommend giving finely chopped boiled yolk. This meal will be the duckling's first meal.
The first day of bird life is the most difficult. And this is due precisely to the ability of the owner to care for her. Ignorance of how to feed ducklings in the early days of life is a common problem among inexperienced farmers. Improperly selected food for newborn birds is the main cause of mortality. Raising healthy ducklings without losing their numbers is the desire of every poultry farmer who seeks to profit — tasty meat.
How to feed a bird a day after birth?
Keeping little ducklings at home requires feeding assistance from their host. Especially often newborn birds have to be fed with their own hands, because, unlike goslings, ducklings eat poorly on the first day after hatching. To solve this problem is not difficult. Daily birds should be fed as follows:
- Finely chop the boiled yolk.
- Move ducklings with their hands closer to each other.
- Put a pinch of food on the backs of the birds.
- Such feeding ducklings includes their natural instincts. They begin to eat eggs from each other from the backs.
You need to start small. Do not immediately accustom the birds to the bowl. For subsistence ducklings, the world around them is something new, unexplored. For their active growth, human help will be required. From the first day of life, proper feeding becomes the main task of the farmer.
Features of feeding ducklings in the first week after birth
Every experienced poultry breeder knows how to feed little ducklings in the early days of life. Daily birds are fed only with egg and milk, every day increasing their diet. Growing ducks requires careful monitoring of the diet of birds, especially one day after birth. On the second day, tracking the bird will be easier. All conditions for their growth have already been met, it remains only to teach ducklings to nutritious healthy food. On the second day, low-fat cottage cheese can be added to the menu of small birds. It is necessary to include it in the diet in separate portions, alternating with a boiled egg. On day 5-6, the duckling can be fed grass. Better to give:
- green bean plants.
You can also make grasses with grass, including cottage cheese and an egg. We must not forget about water. It should always be next to the bird, especially on the first day after hatching. And here one cannot do without human help. It is best to give her ducklings through a pipette. Such manipulations will take 1-2 days until the baby learns to drink from a drinker himself.
Add new products.
The content of week-old ducklings at home requires actions from their host to expand the diet of birds. The digestive system of ducklings can already digest solid foods, so they should be provided with them. From the seventh day you can give the bird any grain. Even the tender age of ducklings requires grinding such food. The best option would be a mixture of cereals. You can start with:
Before giving grain to birds, it should not only be ground, but also cleaned from the shell. Beginner farmers often make the mistake of not doing this, which causes the death of ducks. You also need to know about how much grain is the daily norm for a duckling. Experienced poultry farmers are advised not to exceed a volume of 15 g.
Keeping ducklings at home requires following a few more rules, the implementation of which will affect the growth of birds:
- The diet of young animals after 10 days requires the rejection of a boiled egg.
- Feeding birds includes foods rich in vitamins. It is recommended to make cottage cheese and grass mixes.
- In the first week, the diet of ducklings should include grated carrots.
- Growing and keeping poultry also requires knowledge of the nutritional standards of young animals.
What is starter feed
Compound feed, which is called starter, is a mixture of food products for ducklings, which has all the necessary nutrients for their development. Such products correspond to the OKPD number. Knowing the composition of the mixture, you can make feed yourself. They should begin to feed the ducklings after a few days from birth. The components of combined foods are suitable for an immature digestive system. Many components are ground into flour. Newborn chicks should be provided with soft, moist food: mashcloths with cottage cheese, eggs, and grass. Weekly - from cereals, natural minerals, herbs and vegetables.
In order for the birds to grow faster and gain the necessary weight, the farmer needs to select nutritious feeds and correctly combine them. This can not be done without knowledge of the recommended diet for birds in the first week of birth. The daily diet of ducks should include:
- 15 g of crushed grain;
- 20 g of greens;
- 3 g of chopped boiled eggs;
- 3 g low-fat cottage cheese;
- 5 g of wheat bran;
- 2 g of soybean meal.
We must not forget about vitamins and minerals:
- grated carrots - 5 g;
- chalk - 1 g;
- meat and bone meal - 0.5 g;
- feed yeast - 0.5 g.
This starter feed includes everything you need for birds from the second day to two weeks of age.
How to cook mixers
For any little duckling, it is important to get a large amount of nutrients in the form of dry and wet food. Feeding birds requires a person to constantly sprinkle grain (dry food) and two meals a day with a mash (wet). According to experienced poultry farmers, raising ducks with such a diet is effective in order to get meat from them. But to control the supply of food and its volume for inexperienced farmers can be difficult, because it is determined depending on the increase in live weight of the bird.
Wet feeding is an integral part of a healthy diet of ducklings. Two-week-old birds with poorly calculated diets may develop weakness in their paws. This is due to a lack of calcium, which needs to feed the duckling's body. Phosphorus and protein are also important. Lack of the latter often leads to impaired plumage of birds. Many farmers use artificial amino acids in powder form. It, along with grass, cottage cheese and other products is seasoned with whey or water and served to birds.
Special vitamins will also help grow ducklings in order to get meat. Their deficiency can lead to a decrease in the level of immunity and some diseases dangerous to their health, therefore it is better to take care of adding vitamins to the ducklings daily menu. Suitable products are:
- meat and bone meal;
What else is important
Compound feed for ducklings is the main food for several months. Many poultry farmers forget about the need to cook it immediately before serving, and this is a big mistake: useful substances can be destroyed due to long-term storage. Old feed that feeds birds can do more harm than good. Already on the first day, the hodgepodge begins to rot. Such food can even lead to the death of ducklings.
Features of the diet of monthly ducklings
Fattening monthly ducklings plays one of the most important roles in making a profit from farming. Meat, eggs, feathers and down are a valuable commodity for those involved in poultry farming, therefore, starting from a month from birth, the number of products consumed by birds should be maximized.
You should take care of the grass and greenery growing in the ponds. If a pond is not provided on the farm, from the first weeks of ducks they are taught to eat greens growing in the garden. Firmly standing on their feet, they themselves will attack with a hunt for the plants available in the garden, but nevertheless, for an organism that has not yet matured, grass should be added to the mash. Starting from a month, ducklings can also be fed with mash mats, which include root crops and grain.
But one product is still difficult to replace. Ducks develop faster and gain mass from duckweed, which is found in open waters. They use it from a month from birth, when they begin to feel confident in the water. Ducklings consider this food as their delicacy, therefore they eat it in large quantities.
Features of the diet of ducklings in the absence of a reservoir
Ducklings grow and develop in the conditions created by man himself. The main problem of breeding birds is the lack of a reservoir. It is important for waterfowl ducklings to have unhindered access to water, because this is an integral part of their natural habitat. But not all farmers can have a pond on their site. What to do to people who are not able to provide the necessary conditions for birds? There is no need to refuse breeding. Weight gain can be obtained by other methods:
- Ducklings should drink a lot, so their drinkers should always be filled with clean fresh water. The more fluid it consumes, the faster metabolic processes occur in their body. In the absence of drinking, ducks die quickly.
- Aquatic plants should be added to the food in finely chopped form. The farmer can buy them or catch them in freshwater.
- If the farmer has not yet acquired ducklings, he should study the breeds of birds in more detail. Many ducks easily tolerate the absence of a reservoir near the main habitat.
If near a pond
Individual breeds of ducklings can swim from a month old. The owner of the stock should follow this important period in the life of the bird. Duckweed and other species of algae are eaten by livestock, which should also be recorded by the farmer. During this period, the amount of feed should be reduced and a coastal site should be equipped with a special aviary. Access to water should be unrestricted.
All food products remain unchanged, that's just the answer to the question of how much to give, another - the mass decreases. Dry mixes prevail in the diet, which include:
- 9 g of corn;
- 49 g of wheat;
- 17 g of barley;
- 7 g of sunflower meal
- 4 g of herbal flour;
- 1 g of chalk and shells.
During walks, ducklings can attack vegetables growing in the garden. They are always ready to feast on zucchini, pumpkin and other fruits. You should protect your own garden with any improvised means. Fences made of planks or other materials will become a barrier to arrogant birds. Help with protecting the garden can also be trimmed wings. There is much debate about whether to use this procedure at an early age. But one fact remains indisputable: ducks who do not cut their wings are destined to leave the farm. Having strengthened, they leave their habitats for reunion with nature.
There are some food features that depend on the time of year.
In winter, ducklings need more vitamins and minerals found in plant foods. To this end, farmers recommend adding 20 g of dried fruits to the mixers once a week. But do not part with this product: its consumption in large quantities can be dangerous to the health of birds. In winter, mushrooms are considered a source of vegetable protein. Abuse of this product is also not necessary. It is recommended that they be added to the mixers no more than once a week.