How to feed cucumbers in the open ground
It is better to plant cucumbers in open ground in May, when the soil has already warmed up sufficiently. Observing the cultivation technology and following the rules of care, you can significantly increase the fruiting period of cucumbers, so all gardeners need to know what should be the feeding of cucumbers in the open ground.
Feeding cucumbers in the open ground
Top dressing cucumbers in the open ground is carried out depending on the condition of the soil. If the soil on your site is sufficiently fertilized, then top dressing can be omitted at all or not often. If the soil on the garden plot is sparse, then when transplanting to open ground, you need to fertilize with complex fertilizers.
To prepare the site for planting cucumbers, they begin in the fall - during the digging of the soil. In autumn, compost, mullein or humus (humus) are added to the soil at the rate of 5 kg per 1 sq. Km. m
Instead of organics, it is permissible to use minerals rich in nitrogen - urea or ammonium nitrate. Also, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are added to nitrogen fertilizers. For 1 square. m requires 10-25 g of potassium salt and 15-30 g of superphosphate. Before the planting of cucumbers, the soil does not need special preparation or fertilizers - it is enough to loosen it and form holes and beds. After planting cucumbers in open ground, plants take time to root and adapt.
Usually this process takes from 7 to 10 days. Temporary cessation of growth should not be a concern. Later, when the plants adapt, growth will resume. If the plants do not root, you need to fertilize them with organics and minerals. Organic and mineral dressing can be done immediately after planting in open ground and adaptation of plants. It is not necessary to use ready-made purchased formulations. Good results can be achieved with home-made fertilizers that can be made at home.
Mineral fertilizers are convenient to use, they can be purchased in stores in the form of ready-made mixtures, or made up of individual components on their own.
For cucumbers, the following composition is well suited:
- Urea - 20 g
- Superphosphate - 10 g
- Potassium sulfate - 7 g
The components are diluted in 10 liters of water. Water the plants in the evening. Instead of urea, ammonium nitrate in an amount of 7 g is acceptable. In addition, with a solution of 50 g of urea in 10 liters of water, you can feed cucumbers during the setting and fruit growth.
Finished mineral complexes are more convenient in that they already contain a balanced set of elements. The following preparations are especially effective when growing cucumbers in 2018 - Kemira, good strength, toppers, ceovit cucumbers and others. It is important to remember that before top dressing, cucumbers should be abundantly watered. You should also avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves of plants. If by chance it turned out to fertilize the leaf mass, then the solution should be carefully washed off to avoid burning of the leaves.
Organic fertilizers have a high nitrogen content, which cucumbers require to build green mass. Organics are environmentally friendly and effective. Organic fertilizers are also easier to find and purchase. Mainly in villages, organics are sold by residents containing cattle and small cattle or poultry.
Organic fertilizers are safe
Of all organic products, mullein is most commonly used. In addition to nitrogen, it contains a mass of additional elements. Fertilizing with mullein is carried out not only during the first feeding of cucumbers immediately after their rooting, but also after.
- Manure - 1 kg
- Water - 5 L
Do not use the solution immediately. Due to the active oxidative processes occurring in it, there is a high risk of burning plants. Mullein should be infused for at least a week - during this time he will ferment and change color to a lighter one. Such fertilizer will be completely safe. Adding wood ash to the mullein (1 cup per 10 liters of concentrated infusion), you can get complex fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. The feeding procedure is carried out in the evening, watering the plants under the root. Before use, the finished concentrate is dissolved in water: 1 part mullein in 10 parts of water.
On bird droppings
Solutions from bird droppings are effective during the formation of ovaries. Bird droppings can significantly increase productivity, contains even more nitrogen than mullein, so it is mandatory to insist. Bird droppings are mixed with water at the rate of 1 part of droppings per 20 parts of water and infused for 1.5-2 weeks. Before top dressing, the concentrate is diluted to a yellow-orange color. It will not be superfluous to add superphosphate to the solution with litter.
It is permissible to use dry litter, having previously dried it in the open air. Such a mixture is introduced into the soil at 150 grams per 1 square. meter. In gardening stores, you can buy chicken droppings in granules. Experts note a number of advantages of this fertilizer over natural: readiness for use, lack of smell, weeds and parasites, ease of transportation.
A good result gives an infusion of nettles or weeds. It is possible to fertilize with natural composition 2-3 times per season. Finely chopped grass is poured with water in a ratio of 1: 2 and insisted until the fermentation stops. If you add ash and mullein, you can get an effective complex mixture. Before use, it is better to dilute the concentrate with water to a shade of freshly brewed tea.
Foliar applications of nutrients are not basic and are used only as an addition to the root. Usually they are made between the main ones, once every 2 weeks. Spraying should be carried out in calm weather, in the morning or in the evening.
Cucumbers need additional feeding at different periods:
- Cucumber gets everything you need not only from the soil, but also through the surface of the leaves, so foliar dressing allows you to quickly deliver the necessary nutrients.
- When symptoms of a lack of trace elements appear. Be sure to spray the leaves during periods of cooling, when the root system of cucumbers ceases to supply nutrients.
- During active growth and green mass gain, fertilizers with a nitrogen content are relevant. At the same time, 25 g of urea or 20 g of ammonium nitrate are diluted in 10 liters of water.
- During the flowering and ripening period, cucumbers especially need potassium and phosphorus. 200 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium chloride (or 100 potassium sulfate) are diluted in 10 l of water. It will also be useful to spray with a solution of copper sulfate in a concentration of 2 g of vitriol per 10 liters of water. This procedure significantly reduces the number of empty flowers on the plant.
Top dressing will saturate plants with beneficial substances
Folk methods of plant nutrition are based on the use of environmentally friendly and affordable means. Folk recipes for the preparation and application of nutritious and vitamin components are used by many gardeners.
Feeding on ash
The ash contains a large amount of potassium, which is necessary for the development of the fruits of cucumber. You can fertilize with ash throughout the entire growing season of the plant, starting with adding it to the soil when sowing seeds.
Planted plants should be fertilized in the following cases:
- With the appearance of leaves of the second order.
- After the beginning of flowering.
- Every 2 weeks with fruiting.
It is allowed to introduce ash as a component to other nutrients, or use the ash in dry form or in the form of infusion. Dry ash is prepared at the rate of 200 gzola per 10 liters of water. The resulting mixture is infused for several days, after which it is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and poured under the root.
Yeast top dressing
Yeast helps strengthen the root system of cucumbers and stimulate the development of new roots. Many gardeners note that the cultivation of cucumbers using fertilizers on yeast has a positive effect on planting, fruiting is becoming more active. The vitamins and minerals contained in the yeast have a beneficial effect on the plant as a whole, and the bacteria that feed on the yeast saturate the soil with oxygen. Caring for plants with proper top dressing with yeast is greatly simplified.
To prepare the yeast mixture you will need:
- Dry yeast - 10 g
- Sugar - 2 tbsp. l
Yeast and sugar should be dissolved in 10 liters of heated water and left to ferment in a warm place. After a few hours, the yeast infusion is mixed with another 50 liters of water. The prepared mixture can be used in combination with other nutrients.
You need to feed cucumbers with yeast mixture no more than 3 times for the entire life of the plant. So that fungi and bacteria living in the soil are most active, top dressing should be carried out only in warm periods, when the soil is fully warmed up.
Feeding on honey
In cold, rainy years, crop yields drop. Foliar application of honey solution will help to support it. To prepare a honey solution in 1 liter of hot water, dissolve a tablespoon of honey. The cooled solution is sprayed with leaves and flowers of cucumbers. Honey aroma attracts insects, so that pollination of plants is more active.
Before planting cucumbers in open ground, you should take care not only about preparing the land. The timely introduction of nutrients and proper care is the main condition for obtaining a plentiful harvest. Properly organized top dressing allows you to grow a plentiful crop.