How to feed broilers at home
Many farmers care about how to feed broilers. Proper nutrition of chickens is the key to the quality of eggs, a good type of meat and a healthy future offspring. This is especially a matter of principle for broiler chickens: there are unspoken rules on how to water broiler chickens, what kind of food to choose if the chickens are two-week to three-week. A healthy diet provides them with quick weight gain, good meat quality and gentle taste. Carefully selected food will also ensure the solid quality of eggs, if the breeder wants to have a whole herd of broiler chickens.
Broiler feeding at home
The main goal in raising broiler chickens is slaughter for meat, as this variety of chickens quickly gains weight up to 5.5 kg. Growing a chicken before a laying broiler is worth it only if you want to have additional, healthy offspring.
A stable feeding regimen should be maintained, taking into account the characteristics of the breed.
Menu for birds at home
The diet at home should be selected taking into account the age of the bird. How to choose food that would provide chickens with the whole complex of necessary microelements? Chicken needs protein and fat. A sufficient amount of protein can be provided not only by feeding chicken, fish, but also dairy products, such as whey.
It is possible to enrich the chicken’s body with protein by feeding her the most malicious beetles from the garden: Colorado, May. After 3 days from birth, you can feed the main food and grass, as for birds it will be a good vitamin supplement. The need for vitamins in small chickens arises from birth, as the young body grows. Any food should be given strictly on time. For example, if lunch every day at 3 pm, you need to feed only at this time interval, otherwise the chickens will be lost and do not know when you can wait for food, and when not.
Self-catering for chickens
Broiler fattening can be done by self-cooked food. It is advisable to include boiled, grated vegetables, various root vegetables and potatoes in the diet. Hookahs of the day with barley and wheat. They are valuable in that they include many of those vitamins and minerals that are needed for the development of chicken and strengthen its health. Having enriched the chicken menu with vegetables, you can do without specialized feeds. In nature, chickens have it every day that any of them, even a broiler chicken, will be greedy for flour made from legumes: peas, nettles, clover, alfalfa or dandelions.
The calculation can be done precisely on these herbs, since the recipe for cooking is simple. Nevertheless, grass meal should not be more than 5 g per day per chick: due to the presence of fiber, it is poorly absorbed.
It is advisable to calculate feeding daily. If on one day they give one type of food and herbs, then on another you need to alternate food. At home, after compiling an optimal diet, birds will get used to it and stability will develop on products over time. Birds will appreciate the presence of fruits in the diet.
Varieties of feed
Broiler feed is very important. Many farmers use such feeds as purine, elite, west or best, Grover, Kalinka, pc-5, pc-6. You can feed and start, especially daytime chicks from the first days of life to the age of 14 days. Already 3-week-old chickens are fed more adult food and gradually transferred to it. Granular feed is well suited for fattening. When broilers are fed at home, all the responsibility lies with the farmer, and the fattening and the health of the livestock depend on how well he makes a diet. The composition and table of each balanced feed is indicated on the label.
In order to accurately determine the dosage and calculate the flow rate, you must consult a veterinarian, in this case, the content is greatly simplified. The consumption before slaughter of such feed will be significantly less than self-cooking. Nowadays, instead of self-selected nutrition, specialized feeds are used, which also provide birds with the necessary minerals, trace elements and vitamins. The main thing is to take into account the type of feed. From this, the content of birds is greatly simplified. Feeding broilers at home should be carried out in accordance with all the rules.
What feed to choose for broiler birds
There is a specific scheme or table for each feed, so it’s quite simple to decide how to feed broilers at home: you just need to study the instructions.
Whatever method of feeding is chosen, it is necessary to give food at home strictly according to the dosage. Translate to homemade should be gradually, strictly by the day. Starter food is used to feed both recently hatched and two-week-old chickens, as it is a storehouse of protein for birds. They can feed chickens from the very first days of life, since protein for them is the main and most important trace element that they right now need.
Fattening feed, as the name implies, is used to increase the muscle mass of chicken. Also this food “accelerates” weight gain. According to studies, this food is an ideal solution for the rapid physiological maturation of birds, especially broilers.
Finishing feed is used for those birds from which it is planned to obtain strong healthy offspring. For the most part, finishing feeds are ordinary feed mixes. They do not contain so much protein, but they are saturated with vitamins and minerals necessary for adult chickens - such food will increase the life span of the bird and strengthen its health.
Broiler feeds, which can be prepared on their own, slightly extend the broiler growing time, but such feeds can be much cheaper and more profitable than purchased ones. Nevertheless, ready-made feed from the right category is the right solution for the fast growing of broilers, you can add the necessary ingredients and elements to it from above.
Diet for weekly broiler chickens
At home, you need to know the diet of broiler chickens. The sooner the chicken is provided with a well-chosen diet, the better. It is advisable to consider the dosage, according to age and characteristics.
Many farmers want to know whether it is possible to feed the grown and beginning broilers with crushed, buckwheat, apples. Weekly chickens give an apple too early. If an adult hen eats dry food well, then apples can feed it, but not more often than a couple of times a week. If you give apples and other fruits without measure, this will lead to an upset gastrointestinal tract.
Buckwheat is not given to broilers. The food for the first 10 days must be provided with a pipette. If one of the newborn chicks is not able to peck food, they should be fed separately with a pipette filled with a mixture of yolk and cream. These first 10 days in the life of the chicken should be the most intense in terms of nutrition, since the newly hatched broiler chicken should eat every 2 hours a day, which is about 7-8 full pipettes. It is strictly forbidden to leave chickens without food for longer than 6 hours.
For quick growth, pure chickens are fed to the chickens in the future: milk, cottage cheese, boiled eggs. To the eggs with the onset of the fifth day of life, you can safely add chopped shells to receive minerals by the chicks.
In the first 10 days of life, weak chicks are screened out - all survivors up to this point can be considered winners. But the diet for the winners should be appropriate: from this moment, the chicks need at least 15 g of food daily. For this reason, you should always monitor the feeder: it must always be full. By day 10, strong chicks should be fed feed themselves. Gradually, their diet can be filled with herbs. Also, 10-day-old birds can already be given carrots: young animals need no more than 5 g per day.
Three-week Broiler Chicken Feeding Guidelines
20 days is the date when feeding broiler chickens can be safely transferred from the starting feed to the feeding one. It is important not to miss this moment. The food of the chicks is worth diversifying: they gradually begin to gain weight. First of all, the diet should be replenished with protein, which is now most important for birds. For this purpose, cereals cooked in meat broth, boiled fish, and, in general, animal products are well suited.
When the chicks are used to this menu, you can add yeast. Some young poultry farmers are afraid to do this at such an early age, believing that it is better to wait up to a month. This is mistake. Naturally, the yeast should not be in an amount of more than 2 g per chicken. For general health and good condition, as well as bowel prophylaxis, it is useful to water the chickens with diluted potassium permanganate water.
After some time, you can also give boiled potatoes mixed with cereals. You can’t feed the birds with plain raw water: it will be much more beneficial for the digestion of little chicks to decoction of chamomile or dog rose. It is worth considering that broiler chickens drink a lot, and each of them requires up to 40 g of fluid per day so that they do not develop dehydration.
Nutrition at the age of one month
At a considerable age of up to 50 days, chickens should already be fed with dry grain, corn. Few farmers already cook their own food at this age. Broiler chickens are a rather rare case, because for them it is allowed to mix "assorted" from different grains. You can give the mash up every day with millet, oats. For the taste of meat and a set of fat, many give corn. Assorted grains of different grains can do the following: mix peas with crushed wheat, barley. The approximate and best composition of such a “cocktail” is at least 2 types of crops, proteins and mineral additives, or mineral-containing premixes.
Feed intake rates may vary. Wet mixers at a well-defined time will not interfere. The breeder decides in what proportions and in what quantity to mix grain feed. Also at this age, yeast is an essential element of feeding. Every day, every chicken, at least a little, but must eat yeast for effective growth.
It is recommended to use fish oil as a source of vitamins. But yeast should always be a must in the broiler menu. With proper nutrition and stable feeding, a broiler chicken can gain up to 4 kg of weight by 2.5 months. Some breeders prefer steaming food. Porridge steamed on fish and meat waste, sprouted grain, grass, etc. can almost completely replace compound feed, but not all farmers come to this method of feeding. Subject to these simple rules, even a small subsidiary farm can bring good profit to the farmer.
The period of active growth of broiler birds
After 30 days of life during broiler fattening, it is necessary to ensure active replenishment of the diet with vitamins and protein foods. In warm seasons, birds are already supplied with vitamins on a paddock and fattening is simplified, but in order to preserve this spring in winter, from summer it is worth harvesting “crowns” of dried greenery.
Greens, even when dried, retains all the beneficial properties. It is also worth adding sources of minerals to the diet: grated shells, shells or chalk. Sand is not recommended: it will adversely affect digestion.
For better performance of the digestive system of chickens, it is worth adding vitamin D to the diet, in addition to it, you can also use specialized feeds. Broiler hens need to be fed ad libitum and often, all the same 7-8 times a day, like chicks.
What can not be fed broilers
It is difficult to feed broiler birds correctly with your own hands without answering the question of whether it is possible to feed domestic broilers with one product or another. There is a list of things you can’t feed small broiler chickens to. It includes:
- Any products from the table. Human food contains many harmful substances and impurities for birds. Broilers should not get salty, sweet or seasoned foods, even in minimal quantities.
- Pure boiled potatoes and potato boiling water. It can not even be used as a basis for mishmash. Potatoes can only be given with cereals.
- Fine sand: it clogs the goiter.
- Bread, bakery products, any additives.
- Peel from citrus and gourds.
- Sausages and sausages.
- New milk.
- Cheese, cocoa, chocolate and jam.
- Alcohol-containing foods and fermented berries or fruits.
- Pure butter and vegetable oil.
If there are no products for a balanced diet, they should not be replaced with prohibited foods. In this case, it is better to find a suitable product, but broilers will be healthy and active, and the farmer will receive the highest quality meat. Subject to the rules of feeding and diet, birds will strengthen immunity and will be less susceptible to common diseases.