How to determine the distance between rows of potatoes
Knowing the characteristics of plant cultivation allows you to easily get a plentiful harvest. How to correctly determine the distance between the rows of potatoes during planting? We will analyze the most effective schemes.
Definition of distance between rows
Why determine the distance between the rows
Root crops are easy to plant, which allows them to grow both in large farms and in small dachas. Farmers are trying to achieve maximum returns per square meter.
The distance between potatoes during planting is a criterion that affects the volume and quality of the finished product. Subject to the rules, it is wise to distribute the usable area of the site. The thought-over bed provides easy access to each bush and does not complicate leaving.
An increase or decrease in the category negatively affects productivity. Excessive planting density leads to the fact that each plant lacks nutrients, so the bushes grow weak and do not please with an abundance of fruits. Excess free space is also dangerous: the culture goes to the tops, and the potatoes become huge and small.
On the crest
This is one of the main landing options. According to the method, the seeds are planted according to the 30 x 70 cm pattern. The area is carefully dug up, after which the same furrows are marked with twine and laid to a depth of 50 mm to 100 mm.
In each trench pour 1 tbsp. l ash and 0.5 shovels of humus. Tubers are placed on top, after which they are covered with soil. It is important to achieve a noticeable “crest” on both sides, resembling the letter “M”. The final height ranges from 0.25 m to 0.3 m.
The indicated distance when planting potatoes facilitates weeding of plants from weeds. Under hogs, the culture is safe from drying out in the heat and does not rot during rains. The main advantages of the method:
- early term of disembarkation;
- the rapid development of healthy bushes;
- warming up by the sun;
- yield increase by 25%;
- ease of cleaning.
Under the shovel
This is the simplest and most proven method for growing root crops. The distance between the rows of potatoes should not be less than 70 cm, and the distance of tubers from each other should be a little more than 25. At the same time, the number of shoots on the specimens is noted: the more roots, the longer the distance.
Technology requires an optimum temperature. It is important that the soil has thawed and warmed up to 8 ° C. With early work, waterlogging and freezing of crops is possible, late plantings threaten the loss of moisture and precious time for formation.
For arid regions, this method is relevant. The distance between the rows of early potatoes should be standard - from 70 cm to 80 cm. In autumn, ditches are dug up to a depth of 300 mm. Organic fertilizers are laid at the bottom:
- wet hay.
After a few months, the nutrient pillow will settle, after which the tubers are planted. Seeds are placed in the wells at a distance of 0.3 m from each other, crushing loose soil from above. If you apply fertilizers in the fall, then during the entire season of development of additional fertilizing is not required. The surface is mulched and then watered.
You need to prepare for landing in trenches in the fall
The method is not popular in less hot regions, because there is a possibility of waterlogging of the culture. To prevent this from happening, it is recommended to dig grooves around the edges to drain moisture.
What is the necessary distance when planting potatoes in the box? Between the drawers retain passages from 60 cm to 90 cm, which must be mulched. The height of the structure must reach standard 300 mm, and the width - up to 1 m. The container is filled with fertilizers according to the scheme:
In one box no more than 2 rows are made, tubers are planted in a checkerboard pattern. The interval from one bush to another is 30 cm. Thanks to the technique, plants receive a sufficient amount of ultraviolet light and retain nutrient components, which allows to increase yield.
There is another important factor affecting the maximum yield from plants. Depending on the variety and size of the seed, the optimal distance of the depth of the potato is calculated. Small specimens have an insignificant supply of nutrients, so professionals put them in pits up to 12 cm.
Huge tubers have a sufficient amount of energy, which allows you to easily overcome a landing of more than 100 mm. Dutch hybrids are grown in high beds - 0.2 m. Domestic selection is not ready for such experiments.
In addition to calculating the distance of the potato beds, farmers do not always guess with depth. Germinated material is planted in holes that do not interfere with the processes. To prevent decay, when landing parts allow a minimum recess.
It is imperative to ensure the same potato planting depth over the entire area of the site.
For different types of soils there are requirements. Sealing up to 7 cm is suitable for clay, and loams and heavy soils require pits up to 10. In sandy loam lands, it is advised to place more than 11 cm in a hole. Knowledge of the features allows you to keep moisture and heat, as well as provide natural aeration of the roots.
Distance between tubers
Having determined what distance is needed between the beds of potatoes, it is easy to understand the gap of root crops. According to technology, per 1 square. m plant about 6 pcs.
If the row spacing is 70 cm, the distance between the holes will be 25 or 30 cm. Professionals call this indicator the width of the bayonet of the shovel. This scheme offers a dense planting of bushes, which is not suitable for all farmers. Perhaps a decrease in productivity, it will not be very comfortable to care for the bushes.
If the tubers are 60 cm apart, it is important to correctly calculate the usable area. Not always received figures will allow you to get the most out of it. With a considerable distance (up to 1 m), the tops are excellently developed, but they form few tubers.
From the varieties depends on what distance to choose between potato rows and root crops. For early varieties, a distance of up to 30 cm is relevant. Later versions are always planted over a large interval - from 35 to 45 cm.
If there is no proper care for the crop, the correct distance when planting potatoes will not save you from crop loss.
Crop rotation in the garden makes it possible to prevent weakening of root crops. Potato beds are planted where friendly plants grew last season. Recommended crops include:
Choosing the optimal distance between the rows of potatoes, you need to remember that the line with the furrows has a direction from north to south. Thanks to this trick, the sun will illuminate the bushes throughout the daylight hours. If you change the side, part of the culture will begin to fade from heat, and part - to starve from a deficit of the sun.
Before planting root crops, organic or mineral fertilizers are applied. Sand makes the soil more airy, and ash enriches it with essential trace elements. Excess dressing during the season enhances the growth of leaves, leaving the potatoes small.
An important period in the development of crops is flowering. At this time, the plants provide thorough watering. Lack of moisture affects the volume of the final product. Stagnant fluid near the furrows and dimples is the cause of rotting.
A rich harvest is the merit of an attentive farmer. Knowing the distance between the rows when planting potatoes, it is easy to avoid common mistakes in cultivation.