How to deal with aphids on pepper

Each gardener is concerned about the situation with pests when growing vegetables. Even if the plant is resistant to disease, there is a chance of infection. Pepper aphids are a common occurrence in gardening. These insects suck juice from vegetables, which slows down its growth.

Aphids on pepper

The reason for the appearance of aphids is ants. They are carriers of pests. It is possible to understand that a plant is infected with these insects by the state of the leaves. They curl, dry out and fall off. On the back side they become sticky, aphid larvae are visible on the surface. The fight is carried out by chemical, biological methods. Folk remedies will also help.

Folk methods of struggle

Effective if the pest is detected at the initial stage and has just begun to spread through the bushes. The advantage of folk methods of struggle - improvised means are used. Also, this method is the most economical.

Laundry soap

A soap solution is made on its basis. You can use tar soap.

Cooking method:

  1. Take 1/3 of the bar of soap.
  2. Grind it on a fine grater.
  3. Pour shavings into 1 liter of water and wait for its complete dissolution.
  4. Add about 30 g (approximately 1 tbsp) of vegetable oil.
  5. Mix thoroughly.

Set the solution for at least 2 hours. Then strain.

Watering is carried out by the drip irrigation method. Only infected sheets are sprayed. For prevention, gently and in a small concentration sprinkle leaves on adjacent bushes.

It is necessary to process the plant at least 4 times. Frequency - every day or every other day. Depends on the degree of spread of aphids.

Ash

In the fight against aphids on pepper, an ash infusion is effective. To do this, take 2 cups of the substance and dilute in 10 liters of water. You can add 100-150 g of soap solution.

The infusion is best used immediately. After 24 hours, he is no longer fit.

Another recipe is a mixture of ash and a tobacco saw. It will take 50-70 g of each component. They are mixed in 2 liters of water. You can process the stem, leaves and fruits.

Spruce needles

Spruce essence will help get rid of harmful insects on peppers in a greenhouse. Enough 500 ml of needles. Stir in 2 l of liquid. Insisting time - a week, no less. Otherwise, the proper effect will not be.

Before use, 40 g of spruce essence diluted in 1 liter of water. This is enough for 5-7 bushes of pepper. You can spray not only the leaves, but the whole plant. If the aphid eats leaves further, repeat the procedure.

Soda

The safest way to combat aphids on pepper. It is used not in its pure form, but in conjunction with liquid or laundry soap.

It is very difficult to get rid of aphids

Proportions:

  • 1 liter of water;
  • 1 tbsp. a spoon of soda;
  • 50 g of soap.

The advantage of the solution is that it does not need to be insisted. It can be used immediately after preparation. In order to completely get rid of the pest, it is necessary to carry out a minimum of 2 treatments. Frequency - once every 4 days.

Ammonia

Processing them is effective because ammonia causes paralysis of the lungs in pests.

To prepare this folk remedy, you need 2 tbsp. tablespoons ammonia, 1 tbsp. spoon dishwashing detergent and a bucket (10 l) of water. The solution is applied only to infected leaves.

Ammonia

Acts due to the evaporation of a specific smell. He repels aphids. It has another useful effect - it fertilizes the soil and restores its fertility.

It is better to use a mixture of ammonia and tar soap. Proportions - 50 g of soap chips, 50 g of ammonia, a bucket of water. Mix everything and let it brew for 1-2 hours. With the resulting mixture, water only the soil near the bushes that are infected with aphids.

Hydrogen peroxide

It will help if the plant is grown on a windowsill or in a greenhouse. If pepper grows in open ground, it is better to choose another remedy.

To prepare the solution you need:

  • 55-60 ml of hydrogen peroxide;
  • 2 tbsp. tablespoons of alcohol;
  • 3 drops of liquid soap;
  • 1 liter of water.

The main rule is that the mixture is prepared only before use. The mixing order of the components is unimportant.

Mustard powder

40 g of mustard pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Mix thoroughly and leave to infuse for 3 days.

Before using the product in the fight against aphids, the infusion is diluted in 10 liters of liquid. Only the soil around the bush is watered.

Garlic infusion

Chop the garlic. As a result, its smell will become pronounced and will scare away pests.

Pour the crushed product with boiling water. For 1 head you need 3 liters of water. Infusion time is one day. For the best effect, you can add 40 g of liquid soap. Dilute the concentrated infusion in 7 l of liquid.

Hot red pepper

There are 2 ways to use - in the form of a decoction or infusion. For infusion, you need 1 kg of crushed pods of hot pepper. Mix them with 10 liters of liquid. Insist 10 days.

The resulting infusion should be used in a proportion of 100 g to 1 bucket of water. This is enough for 7 m2 of land.

Broth Recipe:

  1. Take 100 g of crushed red pepper pods.
  2. Boil them in 1 liter of water for about 1 hour.
  3. Insist 2 days in a glass bowl.

To spray 10-13 bushes of pepper you will need 50 g of infusion diluted in 1 bucket of water. If after 1 application it was not possible to get rid of aphids, repeat the procedure.

Biological methods

Some insects eat aphids

When insects first appeared, biological control methods will help. Birds and insects that will kill aphids:

  • Sparrows
  • tits;
  • ladybugs;
  • wasps.

The aphid also eats aphids. Care must be taken to ensure that birds and insects do not harm other plants in the greenhouse.

Lure them into the greenhouse with food and drink.

Chemicals

Use when folk remedies did not help or the degree of infection is high. The main thing is to apply in strictness with the instructions. Due to the high toxicity, chemical products are not always allowed to be used at home.

Karbofos

It is a potent insecticide. The main purpose - the fight against harmful insects, especially with aphids.

A solution is made on its basis. You will need a bucket of water and 30-50 g of the drug. This amount is enough to process 8-10 bushes of pepper. Watering is carried out by the drip irrigation method. It is advisable that the product does not fall on the fruit.

Fufanon

Helps to quickly remove aphids. 1-2 watering is enough. The main advantage is harmless to humans.

Proportions:

  • 1 ampoule of the product (it contains 5 ml of the chemical);
  • 1-1.5 liters of water.

Applied to plants planted in open ground. It is advisable that the weather be calm and dry.

Aktara

The tool is intended to treat peppers from aphids at the beginning of the growing season. Frequency of spraying - once a week, not more often. The main advantage is the speed of exposure. Starts the fight with insects in 15 minutes. They refuse food, as a result of which they die the next day.

The substance is toxic, therefore, 1 package (1.4 g) is enough for the solution. Dilute it in 1 bucket of water. For 1 hundred parts of land, 5 l of working solution is enough.

Fury

It does not allow to fight aphids on pepper during flowering of the bush. In other periods, its use allows you to quickly remove pests.

The drug has a low consumption rate - 1 ml per 10 liters of water. It is harmless to humans and the environment. Its effects last for 10 days. If after this time the aphid continues to eat pepper leaves, reuse in the same dose. For the season, no more than 2 treatments of the drug are allowed.

Intavir

Sold in tablet form. For 10 l of water, 1-1.5 tablets of the drug are taken. Its feature is effective in the fight against aphids not only in greenhouses or open ground, but also when grown as a houseplant.

When using, you must adhere to such rules:

  • the maximum number of Intavir treatments is 3;
  • can be used before and during fruiting;
  • the repetition rate of the procedure is once every 10-14 days.

It can be used in parallel with other chemicals. Belongs to hazard class 3, which is why it does not pose a threat to humans.

Actellic

Aphids begin to die immediately after contact with a chemical. The tool infects the intestines of pests.

1 ampoule is designed for 2 liters of water. In the fight against aphids, this amount is enough for 10 m2.

Effectively affects pests at home. The temperature in the room should not be less than 15 ° C. If it is above 28 ° C, it is better not to bring the treatment with Actellic, because the product belongs to hazard class 2 and can adversely affect human health.

Prevention

To immediately identify aphids, regularly inspect the plant. Especially the back of the leaves. If fruits have already formed on the bush, they also need to be examined.

The second preventive measure is to plant crops with a pungent odor near the pepper. This is garlic and onion. This will create an ecological balance and will repel not only aphids, but also other pests.

Inspect the soil regularly for insects and bugs. Especially look for ant nests. You can fight them with the help of kerosene, which is poured into the nest. Another effective way is to pour boiling water.

Conclusion

The appearance of aphids on pepper bushes is a common occurrence in gardening. The first signs are yellowed and fallen leaves. It is important to start pest control immediately after detection.

Initially, you should try folk remedies. They will help get rid of aphids when it first appeared. If this does not help, use chemicals. If you follow all the directions from the instructions, they will not cause severe harm to fruits and people. You can also try biological methods.

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