How to choose the temperature regime for broilers according to their age
In the chicken coop, a ventilation system should be installed, which is designed to replace the air flow in the room. It is equally important to control the temperature regime for broilers, without which the livestock can die.
Temperature conditions for broilers
Growing broilers is a lucrative occupation. Already in the third month of life of individuals, the weight of the chicken can exceed 2.5 kg. Active bird growth is not possible without proper care from the owner. The more comfortable their conditions are, the greater the weight of the carcass. Chicken cells should be equipped with everything necessary: feeders, drinking bowls, bedding.
Why you should control the temperature in the chicken coop
Newborn chickens need warmth from the very first days of their lives. Their weak immunity perceives any external influence as a threat. Lack of heat often leads to illness and even death. Birds do not lose their attachment to heat at a more mature age. In addition, the modern development of farming has undergone a number of revolutionary changes. The emergence of incubators and brooders has helped replace the hatching procedure. There is also no need to grow newborn broilers near the mother. Layers are best kept separate from the brood.
The main goal in growing broilers is to get tasty meat or eggs. The farmer's task is to contribute to this as efficiently as possible, therefore, even before the birth of the chickens, the eggs are incubated, and from the first days of their life, they are kept in the brooder. It is climatic conditions that affect how the broiler will develop and what its state of health will be, so you need to know how to create the right temperature regime for chickens.
Is it worth it to insulate the chicken coop
For the safe maintenance of broilers, it is necessary to provide them with the most comfortable living conditions. One of the most important points is the warming of the chicken coop. Immediately after the brooder, chickens are placed in a cage or chicken coop. In order for the birds to grow healthy, it is necessary that the walls of the building be warm and windproof. But before you get to work, you should know about some of the features of insulation:
- Installation work can be carried out both indoors and outdoors.
- The materials used for construction must be safe for the health of birds, and also protect them as much as possible from the negative effects of high and low temperatures, as well as precipitation.
- It is necessary to insulate not only the walls, but also the floor with the roof.
- Hard-to-reach places (under the roof, joints of materials, etc.) must be insulated from moisture.
Those farmers who do not have a finished building for insulation, have a chance to create the highest quality chicken coop, choosing the most suitable place for it. Many poultry farmers save the floor of the building from the cold by lifting it on wooden logs. It is equally important to choose the best place for natural light (window), as well as for electric lighting devices, because daylight and its control are no less important for the correct keeping of birds of any age.
When growing broilers in a chicken coop, farmers should cover the floor with straw or sawdust. Such materials will help maintain the temperature regime for broiler chickens and create the comfort they need. In addition, the complete arrangement of everything necessary is a lengthy process, depending not only on the climatic characteristics of the region, but also on what breed the farmer chooses for maintenance.
The effect of changes in temperature and humidity on the growth and productivity of birds
The need to use insulating flooring depends on the change in ambient temperature during the life of the bird from its first days of existence until the moment when it is cut down. Maintaining the temperature within normal limits can be difficult, especially in winter. From the beginning of frosts and until spring, poultry farmers have equipped chicken coops with electric heaters, but for safety reasons it is not recommended to install them on the floor. The most suitable height is 1 m from the floor covering.
The temperature regime for domestic chickens of different ages has its own characteristics. For convenience, each farmer can use reference materials. The table of the ratio of temperature and humidity helps poultry farmers to maintain the productivity of birds, and therefore their health.
|Age weeks||Room temperature, ° C||Air temperature, under a heating source, ° C||Air humidity, %|
So, the minimum safe air temperature for birds is 20 ° С. Equally important is humidity at 60%. At such a low temperature for keeping chickens, some individuals may freeze or overheat. Even from the first days of its existence, it is not difficult to notice discomfort. If the chickens rub against each other, forming small heaps, they are cold. If the chicks are thirsty and they keep their beaks open, it’s hot.
The temperature regime also affects the egg production of chickens. At low temperatures, they rush slightly, but as soon as the climate becomes comfortable, the process is restored. Incubation will not be superfluous. The proper temperature level will save future chicks from death. Also, high temperatures negatively affect the brood hen. The productivity of birds may decrease by 30-40%, but also be restored when the temperature regime is being established.
Climatic regime for young animals
For any bird, constant heat maintenance is a must for effective growth and development. The temperature regime for broilers also has its own characteristics, which depend on the age of the birds. These include:
- When growing chicks up to 10 days from birth, it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature of 30-32 ° C. Daylight hours should also be monitored. Many farmers do not turn off the light around the clock. This need is due to poor orientation of birds in space.
- After 10 days, the air temperature must be reduced by 1 °, and the next week it must be done daily.
- In a month from the birth of the chicks, they are completely transferred to a twenty-degree mode.
In order to avoid mistakes in raising chickens, it is best to use reference materials.
A table of the ratio of temperature and humidity for any age will help keep chickens healthy, which will affect the quality of their productivity. Monthly birds are already considered fully prepared for cellular maintenance and less dependent on additional heat sources.
The temperature regime of broiler growing is considered favorable only if the poultryman himself takes into account humidity indicators at a given temperature. A properly equipped ventilation system can help. Without air changes, chickens can become infected with diseases of the digestive tract, and metabolic processes in the body can also be disturbed.
Walk and its meaning
When raising chickens, it is important to provide them with not only a comfortable temperature and the right amount of feed, but also a sufficient amount of fresh air and sunlight. Before you send young animals for a walk, you need to know how old these walks will be useful. Many poultry farmers recommend sending chicks out on the street already on the 5th day of birth. Young calf walking also has its own characteristics:
- the duration of the first walk is 2 hours;
- every day, spending time on the street increases by 15-20 minutes;
- in cold weather, the duration of the walk is reduced to an hour;
- the place for walking should be cleaned from garbage;
- in the summer, per month from birth, birds can spend on the street all day until evening cool;
- the first walks of young animals in the cool season require additional heating of birds with heating pads.
We must not forget about the safety of livestock during walking. An important condition for this is the creation of an aviary. But before embarking on its construction, it is necessary to verify the appropriateness of its use. Some broiler breeds do not need walking and are found only in cages or small chicken coops.
The temperature regime for growing broilers, which should be walked on the street, will be more moderate if you approach the organization of mobility of the aviary. Chickens love to walk on soil overgrown with grass. They themselves get their own food, which often leads to the cleaning of the entire territory reserved for birds. If the aviary is mobile (with wheels installed), this will facilitate the care of broilers.
Overheat protection and other walking features
Keeping broiler chickens is a simple task, if you know about all the features of bird care. One of the most important issues is the safe organization of the walking of the chicks. It has its own characteristics:
- During walking, chickens should be protected from the summer scorching sun, as well as from rain. The best solution to this problem is the installation of awnings.
- Chicks that are not covered with feathers are not allowed to walk (sometimes they are allowed to be released, but only in dry weather).
- At the age of 1 month, birds are not recommended to be released into the street with gusts of strong wind. Changes in temperatures that occur during this period can harm the health of birds.
It is also important to consider the health of birds before their walk.
Active and weakened do not need to release. They should be taken out in a separate cardboard or plastic box. In the cold season, the box should be insulated with a heating pad or plastic bottles with warm water.
Caring for small birds is a simple task that requires increased attention from the poultry farmer. Broilers can also be kept at home, and if the poultry farmer has small children, it will be interesting for them to participate in the care of the chickens. In addition, they will receive invaluable experience that they can use in the future.