How a chicken carries an egg
Breeding poultry requires the farmer maximum knowledge about the features of the species. How does a chicken lay eggs? We will analyze in detail the physiological subtleties of the process, which will help increase the productivity of pets and can see it all on the video.
How a chicken lays eggs
Unlike wild domestic hens rush not only when it is necessary to breed. Compliance with certain rules will allow you to get up to 300 units per year from one individual. However, novice farmers can make mistakes that degrade productivity.
How is russula rushing? In the ovaries of the female, a huge number of cells are formed that are at different stages of development. The ripened element leaves the follicle and gradually moves into the oviduct. The yolk “grows” with protein and shell. The whole process lasts about 20 hours.
After the chicken has produced an egg, the genitals will release the next cage. On average, 30 to 40 minutes pass. Having a rooster does not affect performance. Females rush in any case, even if it is not there, only from such specimens it is impossible to bring chickens. To obtain incubation material for every 10 or 15 individuals, one male is needed.
Products are an amazing creation of nature. It was created for the formation and development of chicks, so all the necessary substances are concentrated in it.
- Yolk. This cell contains a huge amount of carotenoids and makes up at least 30% of the total volume.
- Protein. It will be a breeding ground for the baby, representing a protein-fat mass with carbohydrates. It occupies approximately 60% of the size of the egg. The natural antibiotic lysozin protects the product from spoilage.
- Shell. The natural shield protects from destruction. It makes up to 15% of the total volume.
Within a month, the formation of the chick occurs in the yolk, therefore it is enclosed in a strong shell. Protein ropes will fix the element well in the middle of the protein mass, and the embryo can quietly rotate around its axis. At the dull end of the egg is an air chamber for gas exchange, because there is no direct access to oxygen.
How are two-yolk copies obtained? Two cells can simultaneously enter the genital tract of the female. Next is the formation according to the natural plan. Most often, broilers and old layers that have been rushing for a long time are prone to such a pathology.
There are few breeds in which this deviation is cultivated. Hormonal imbalance leads to a change in natural productivity, therefore it is dangerous. The eggs get stuck inside the bird, leading to illness and death.
When they start to rush
How long do birds mature and how do chickens lay eggs? It all depends on the characteristics of the breed. Egg species begin on 120-140 days after birth, and meat species - at the age of not earlier than 8 months. Representatives of the mixed type will delight farmers after six months.
Products from youngsters can be recognized visually. Often the first copies are very small and the process does not have a stable periodicity. If the owner was fond of using hormonal preparations, then the young chicken will lay an egg with two yolks. During this period, “fat” samples are possible - a continuous protein.
It must be remembered that the physical maturity of these breeds occurs at the age of 145 days after birth, so do not worry. During this period, it is necessary to improve the diet of Corydalis and create optimal conditions. After 3 weeks, they should adapt and failures will stop.
Features of Layers
How to identify a female with good performance at home? Such hens have virtually no maternal instinct. They can carry up to 300 copies a year, but they will never try to claw or “run away” from masonry in a couple of days. The price of high productivity is the lack of craving for procreation.
In order for the hens to rush perfectly, they must have a number of characteristic features:
- weight does not exceed 2.5 kg;
- well-developed bright lobes and comb;
- light skeleton;
- wide wingspan;
- compact sizes;
- increased mobility;
- early ripening (at 4 months).
It is important to remember that record holders quickly deplete their performance. Egg production requires a lot of strength from the bird, and every year it decreases by 10%. To prolong the process, experienced farmers are organizing enhanced nutrition and increasing daylight hours.
For many years of breeding and working with chickens, genetics have brought out an ideal laying hen, so now you can choose a bird for your needs. Which of the presented varieties is the most productive? We will analyze the main favorites.
White hens Leggorn is the most popular breed of laying hens. Almost all modern specimens are obtained by crossing this species. Representatives of this "kind" pleased farmers with maximum fecundity (up to 370 pieces per year) and egg size. They begin to rush without interruption from the 17th week after birth.
Black Chicken Minorca has a bright scarlet crest and white earrings. Despite its small size and decorativeness, the bird produces a large product in a dense shell - up to 80 g per copy. Early ripening of young animals and good returns will allow to breed in any farm.
Andalusian blue will please the farmer with an ideal white and smooth medium-sized egg. Compact birds with annual fertility of just over 160 specimens. Undemanding and non-capricious will appeal to beginners. Multi-colored Borkovsky hens will surprise you with gigantic brown products.
Cross-countries have the maximum return, so they are popular with professionals and amateurs. Like plants, acquired qualities are not passed on to the next generation. Hybrids are obtained through complex breeding.
Brown chickens Sussex Star and Nova produce a large number of eggs, the color of which can be both white and dark. Unpretentious Black Star cross can carry up to 270 copies in the first year of use. The Tetra SL red hybrid shows productivity at the age of five months.
By the way, breeding work does not stand still, and scientists are ready to surprise farmers with new results. Tailless Arakuna are characterized by a red color at the rooster and colored hens. But the highlight of the cross are blue and blue eggs, striking in the photo and video. If you cross them with a breed that produces brown shell products, the result will be hybrids with a green and pink coating.
With the wrong diet, even the most productive cross will not be able to show all its characteristics. A beginner needs to know the intricacies of growing egg breeds so that they rush well. Any mistake with chickens and adults will lead to irreparable results.
Feeding is carried out 4 times a day. More attention is paid to morning and evening procedures. Professionals advise giving not only feed and grain, but also wet mixers. In order for the birds to rush without problems and not peck the shell, it is necessary to include mineral supplements with calcium and phosphorus.
With a poor diet in childhood, adult hens will not show all the characteristics of the breed. With chickens, problems will begin as the skeleton and feathers form. To avoid troubles, it is better to give protein containing food and culinary residues (fish scales, entrails, ground bones of animals).
What should a bird do to reach its full potential? According to the standards for 1 square. m should be at least 5 females. Crowded content affects productivity. The number of nests also affects the herd. Farmers are required to make comfortable poles as much as they need for the whole family and provide heat.
Lighting is another factor affecting the quantity and quality of eggs. Birds need a thirteen-hour daylight. Additional equipment is installed in the chicken coop.
Lighting should not blind a layer. If the chicken coop is designed so that it gets a lot of direct sunlight, then you need to make protective curtains from burlap.
Every day, chickens should be released into the fresh air. Irradiation with ultraviolet light affects the digestibility of vitamin D. In conditions of driven content, laying hens lose their productive abilities. During a regular walk you need to air the chicken coop.
In order for the birds to give eggs better, it is necessary to monitor the temperature. Cold and heat in the room affects the quality and quantity of products. It is optimally recommended to maintain heat at 23 to 25 ° C. Fluctuations in any direction are undesirable. In the summer heat, females often carry specimens without shells.
Many farmers have faced a situation where birds “stop production." How can you make chickens lay eggs? There are proven folk methods that should correct the vagaries of nature.
It is necessary to review the diet and choose a balanced professional diet. Cereals, vegetables and greens should form the basis of the menu. Mineral additives, shell rock and bone meal are used to form the shell. It is important to check if the chicken coop has free access to fresh, cool water. Layers drink plenty of fluids before bedtime and after they have produced an egg.
Each chicken has its own internal alarm clock, which introduces it during periods of fertility and rest. To speed up the time of production, farmers provoke molting at the herd. For this purpose, the livestock is sent on a short-term diet, after which a lot of yeast-containing feed is added to the diet. Stress causes the Corydalis to change feathers and they will soon rush again.
Beginners often encounter content difficulties. What to do if a bird pecks an egg? Usually an ailment affects one individual, but after a while the whole chicken house is engaged in wrecking.
If there are no errors in the conditions of detention, then the reason should be sought in the regular feeding of eggshells by livestock. Layers get used to the smell and appearance of the product, therefore, use it as the main source of calcium. It is worth at least once to try protein and yolk, it will be difficult to wean to commit a "crime".
In crowded conditions, an aggressive female may appear who loves to feed on the protein mass of the nest. Many chickens repeat after their fellow tribesmen and adopt dangerous habits. They recommend watching the herd for some time and identifying the criminal. Such an individual spins near the places where the birds rushed.
Knowing the characteristics of chicken reproduction, you can get the most out of a small livestock. You have learned how a complex process occurs and what needs to be done so as not to make common mistakes. The data will be useful for both beginners and experienced farmers.