How to carry out the propagation of orchid flower stalk
Orchid has become a resident of many homes. She is unpretentious in leaving and looks unusually. With minimal effort, the overseas beauty easily adapts to the microclimate of the apartment. Her flowers delight the eye for up to 10 months of the year. For some gardeners, a single stem is not enough, so they practice the propagation of orchids with a peduncle.
How to carry out the propagation of orchid flower stalk
The flower stalk is the germ of a new plant that forms in the bosom of the leaf. It is often confused with the root, especially at the initial stage of development. The desired part has an uneven, slightly pointed shape. The root, in contrast to the peduncle, is always smooth, semicircular in shape.
To get a strong and strong plant, adhere to the following recommendations:
- Healthy plants are chosen for propagation of orchids by peduncles. Patients have black or yellowish leaves covered with mucus.
- Leave the lower sleeping kidney on the peduncle.
- They treat the places of cuts on the inflorescence and the plant itself with an antibacterial composition. Then sprinkled with activated charcoal powder.
Breeding an exotic creeper is best done when it fades. So the resources of the flower will be directed to reproduction.
Cuttings of a peduncle
One of the common methods for divorcing orchids at home is cuttings. The essence of the method is to divide the stem into parts. The best time for this is the last months of spring and the beginning of summer. After flowering, the stalk is cut off at the base and divided into several parts. All pruning tools must be sterile. The length of each split is 3-4 cm. A sleeping kidney should be placed in the center of the handle.
Prepared pieces are placed in a mini-greenhouse with moistened moss or sand. The latter is made of dense polyethylene, aquariums, plastic disposable containers. It is convenient to plant branches in zip packages.
The most important thing in orchid cultivation with peduncle cuttings is further care. As they dry, moss is sprayed from the spray gun. Ideal humidity is 50-80%. Strictly withstand temperature within 28 ° C-30 ° C. Every day they arrange aeration of greenhouses for 2 hours. They also insolate for 14 hours daily. With insufficient lighting, a phytolamp is installed.
In greenhouses, cuttings can be found until 2-3 roots are formed. When they reach a length of 3-5 cm, the flowers will be able to independently feed themselves. This happens approximately 2-3 weeks after planting.
Growing a peduncle in water
The shoot is in the water
Reproduction of orchids at home is done by cutting off the inflorescence. This method of propagating by a peduncle is applicable when the mother plant is sick. It is placed in a plastic bottle without a neck. The tank is filled with filtered water. It should cover the peduncle by 4-5 cm.
For a disinfecting effect, an activated carbon tablet and concentrated mineral fertilizer are added. Dosage and administration are usually indicated on the package.
All this time in the bottle at least once a week they change the water. The air temperature is maintained within 25 ° C-28 ° C. If this condition is not met, a peduncle will grow from the kidney, and not a baby.
Stimulation of growth of children
In order to stimulate the development of sleeping buds of the peduncle for reproduction, the flakes covering them are removed. Bare places every week for a month treated with hormonal paste. The process of awakening the kidney will accelerate the spraying with the drug "Dr. Folly."
Another method has proven itself well: sleeping kidneys are wrapped with wet moss and cellophane. The orchid is kept in a warm room. As soon as young shoots are formed, the polyethylene is removed. Sphagnum is left until the roots appear.
An agent for stimulating the growth of children is prepared at home. To do this, 10 mg of the drug “6-BAP” (6-benzaminopurin) or “Kinetin” is dissolved in 1 ml of water. If desired, add 1 g of lanolin. All components are thoroughly mixed until a homogeneous mass. A white mixture is applied in a thin layer to the plant.
A single treatment of the kidneys and an air temperature of 20 ° С-22 ° С provokes the formation of the lateral peduncle. To prevent this, the flower is sent to an insulator with an air temperature of at least 28 ° C. After 3-5 days, the procedure is repeated. So get vegetative shoots.
Soon, the children will release several leaves and form a root system of 5 or more processes. Now they are separated: plants are able to develop independently.
A scalpel or sharp knife is required for work. Manipulation is carried out in the morning. The optimum room temperature is at least 25 ° C. Humidity should normally be around 60%. A sharp movement cut off part of the peduncle (1 cm lower or higher than the baby). Places of cuts are treated with a disinfectant. They are given a little to dry, and then proceed to the landing.
Small plastic cups or containers are suitable for children. The selected container is thoroughly washed with saturated manganese solution. Several drainage holes are made at the bottom and side walls. This helps to remove moisture.
The substrate is prepared in advance. To do this, use moss and bark. To destroy parasites and pathogenic bacteria, raw materials are boiled for 20 minutes, and then dried a little.
Planting a cut baby is performed as follows:
- at the bottom of the pot lay drainage from the middle fraction bark;
- sprinkle on top with a substrate consisting of moss and small pieces of bark;
- in the center of the tank set the plant and add the remaining soil.
For several days, the planted indoor culture is not watered. It is desirable that she is in a greenhouse, which is constantly aired.
When breeding orchids at home, you have to face a number of difficulties. For example, with yellowing of the leaves of children. This is due to a lack of nutrients in the soil. The plant needs to be fed with fertilizers (by spraying).
It may be that the children do not appear at all on the peduncle. The reason for this is too comfortable conditions. The flower is not going to multiply. It is necessary to arrange him a little stress. For this purpose, the air temperature is increased to 30 ° C-32 ° C. At the same time, top dressing and watering are reduced. At the same time, the root system does not dry out.
Sometimes the peduncle turns yellow or dries. In this case, the children do not have time to form roots. The problem occurs when there is a lack of nutrition of the mother. Perhaps the flower is young or weakened. The baby is cut with a part of the inflorescence, and then planted on moss and fed with a minimum amount of fertilizer.
The next difficulty is that children develop on peduncles, but the mother needs treatment. The reason lies in the poor-quality substrate or improper care of the plant. The peduncle is cut off and placed in water with activated carbon. Once every 3 days, the fluid is changed: you can tint with Methylene blue. Weekly children are sprayed with top dressing.
Propagating an orchid with a peduncle is not as simple as it seems at first glance. Here you must follow the instructions exactly. However, if desired, anyone will cope with the task. The main thing is patience and self-confidence.