Home Care for the Phalaenopsis Mini Orchid
miniature varieties of orchids are bred by breeding. These are stunted plants that grow up to 15 cm in height. Mini phalaenopsis is a dwarf species with branchy peduncles. Orchid blooms twice a year. Cultivation is minimal: watering, fertilizing the soil and proper lighting.
Home Care for the Phalaenopsis Mini Orchid
Phalaenopsis mini orchid is smaller than other orchid species.
The culture blooms closer to winter - the average flowering time is 3-4 weeks.
The buds are light, with small orange spots. The average size of an adult plant is not more than 20 cm. The height of the mini phalaenopsis depends on the care.
The variety has several species. These are beautiful dwarf crops that can be grafted at home.
- Pink dwarf variety;
- Phalaenopsis mini mark.
Luddeman has distinctive features: the size of the sepals is larger than the size of the petals. The diameter of the flowers is from 4 to 5 cm. On one peduncle, up to 7 inflorescences are formed, characterized by a variegated color.
The pink variety has abundant flowering. In the peduncle, up to 10 flowers are simultaneously formed. The white color of the sepals is combined with a pink hue of the petals.
One of the most popular and unpretentious in care is the Phalaenopsis mini Mark variety. It grows at home and grows up to 17 cm in height. The color of the petals is white with pink spots.
Orchid propagates vegetatively. Planting material (small process) is separated from the flower.
For propagation, the young shoot remaining after flowering of the culture is immersed in the prepared soil. A good option for germinating the material is wet sphagnum. Mini culture takes root throughout the year, so you can not wait for the rapid growth of the process. Roots are gradually formed in the root system, which are transplanted into a fertilized substrate after a few weeks.
Orchid needs a lot of light
Caring for a Phalaenopsis mini orchid begins with choosing the right place. It should be a well-lit corner in the room without a lot of other flowers.
The variety needs:
- in regular watering;
- in constant temperature mode;
- in soil fertilizer (the amount of nutrients added depends on the season);
- in a certain humidity.
A dwarf orchid does not like excess moisture - if the water stagnates at the root system, the flower will quickly wither.
- usual - through a watering can;
- immersion of the pot in a container of water;
- through ice cubes.
Routine care, including watering through a watering can, is harmful to the culture. If water gets on leaves or flowers, yellow spots appear. So water is introduced only into the basal part.
Immersion of a pot in water
Immersion of the pot in water provides a gradual hydration of the root of the plant. A flower pot is immersed in a pre-prepared container of warm water. He is kept in this position for 15-20 minutes.
After the procedure, the excess liquid is drained, the pot is returned to the windowsill. Such care cannot be used if there is no additional drainage or a hole in the bottom of the pot.
Ice Cubes for Watering
For a closed container, the third method of irrigation, using ice cubes, is suitable. An ice cube is placed on the moss, then they are placed on the top layer of soil near the basal part of the flower. For a week, 3 cubes of medium-sized water are enough to completely moisten the soil.
The ice on the moss does not melt immediately, so moisture gradually saturates the substrate. Watering depends on how quickly the soil dries. If the soil dries quickly, the amount of water added is increased. The leaves are additionally sprayed with a spray gun (at a distance of not less than 15-20 cm from the culture).
Useful substances are applied to the soil at least once a month. Too much fertilizer will weaken the root system. Fertilizers are diluted with water. For dwarf orchids Phalaenopsis use nitrogen and mineral fertilizers.
- during active growth, the soil is fertilized once every 2 weeks;
- in the cold season, when there is no flowering, fertilizer is produced once a month.
Immediately after fertilizing, the soil is watered abundantly. Foliar top dressing is useful for dwarf culture: nutrients are sprayed onto the green part.
Small orchids need high humidity indoors, especially in warm times, when moisture quickly evaporates from the surface of the leaves. The optimum moisture content is 60-70%. This is difficult to achieve in living quarters.
Additional humidity is organized: a container with water is placed next to the pot, which allows you to increase humidity. Water is sprayed near the flower, but so that excess moisture does not get on the petals.
More moisture is needed in a young culture. The older the orchid, the less moisture it consumes.
Temperature and lighting
A small orchid needs the right microclimate. A certain temperature regime allows the culture to quickly grow and bloom twice a year.
The optimum temperature is from 20 ° C to 24 ° C. If in winter the pot is near the battery or heater, the culture is watered and moistened more - they create an artificial microclimate.
At temperatures below 5 ° C, the flowers will fall.
Lighting should be constant, but the petals will fade from direct sunlight. The culture is placed on the windowsill on the south side of the room and covered with gauze or net. In winter, the orchid needs additional lighting. Use lamps that extend daylight hours to 10-12 hours.
Transplantation is a mandatory event after 3-4 years of active growth. For transplanting, choose pots that are several centimeters larger than the diameter of the old tank. Too large pots can not be taken, otherwise, under the new conditions, the rhizome of the dwarf culture will quickly become exhausted.
The root system needs special soil. To do this, use a substrate with pieces of bark and moss. Soil is poured into a new pot and moistened well with water. Overgrown peduncles are carefully removed. After the plant is carefully removed from the old pots: it is important not to damage the rhizome.
Mini Phalaenopsis clear of old roots. If there are traces of rot on them, the infected root is completely cut off. A small drainage from the bark is laid at the bottom of the new tank, and then the prepared substrate. The root system is immersed in a new pot and carefully sprinkled with soil and mineral fertilizers.
The first watering is carried out no earlier than 10 days. If you transplant correctly, the stem will quickly grow and bloom.
Protect your orchid from rot
Mini orchid of the phalaenopsis genus is susceptible to rot formation. The cause of the damage is brown, black or gray rot. Symptoms of the appearance of such a disease directly depend on the conditions in which the culture grows (if the care is incorrect, rot spreads rapidly throughout the flower).
To save from rot, all affected areas of the plant are cut with a clean tool. If more than 40% of the crop is affected, it will not be possible to save the orchid.
After trimming the sections, the green part of the culture is sprinkled with coal powder. An alternative is Bordeaux liquid, which helps to stop a fungal disease. After processing, the pot is sterilized, and the substrate is completely changed. After a disease, the plant becomes weak, therefore, it needs additional care (proper temperature and watering). Fertilizer is not used for crop care in the first weeks.
The leaves turn yellow or black
The appearance of dark spots or dry parts that spread rapidly throughout the plant are causes of powdery mildew, anthracnose or leaf spot. Each of these diseases leads to the death of the culture.
The flower turns yellow due to increased humidity, so before treatment the plants change the basic care. If leaves or roots rot, the likely cause is fusarium rot. The culture is treated with Bordeaux liquid. If the roots are too damaged, you can’t save the culture.
You can not look after a mini-phalaenopsis without pest protection. Insects not only spoil the appearance of the flower, but also lead to its complete withering. The plant attacks:
- spider mite;
Pests eat roots, foliage, flowers. If they live in a substrate, it is completely replaced.
The culture is transplanted into a new pot. The plant is soaked in water before transplantation so that the parasites get out. After that, it is dried and treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Leaves and petals fall
If leaves or petals fall, the guilt is to blame. It is a pest that attacks the plant with columns. Soon, the orchid begins to throw off leaves or color. If the culture is not treated, it dies.
It is possible to get rid of the scale shield only mechanically: individuals are collected manually. Additionally, a cotton wool moistened with an insecticide is used, with which the entire green part of the flower is wiped. After collecting the pests, the flower is treated with Fitoverm. At the end of the procedure, the substrate is completely changed, in which the parasite larvae can remain.
Mini orchid Phalaenopsis is a beautiful dwarf flower. You need to properly care for it: carry out watering, fertilizing the soil, transplanting every few years. The culture blooms twice a year, if in the room where it grows, the correct temperature and lighting.
Dwarf culture is often sick, therefore, at the first symptoms: a change in the color or structure of leaves, petals, stems, they are treated.