The history of the appearance of cucumbers in Russia

The homeland of cucumbers is India. The time of the emergence of culture - more than 3000 years BC The history of this vegetable is rich. How he got to Russia, not everyone knows. Where and when cucumbers appeared in Russia, they learned recently, but the people fell in love with the vegetable in ancient times.

The history of the appearance of cucumbers in Russia

Growing cucumbers

The culture comes from the tropics, because the best climatic conditions are high temperature and humidity. The higher the air temperature, the faster the seeds germinate. At 28 ° C, the first shoots germinate in 4 days. In this case, the temperature drop negatively manifests itself in the vegetable - they begin to fade, and soon die.

Humidity should be more than 75%. A smaller percentage slows down the development of culture. The first sign is yellowed, dry leaves. Also, cucumber is systematically fertilized.

The location for planting cucumbers is chosen sunny, without drafts. Incompatible culture with the following vegetables:

  • radish;
  • potatoes;
  • Tomatoes

History of Cucumbers

When culture first appeared in Russia, in the world it was already widespread for a long time. In other countries, they used vegetables to prepare different dishes. Relatives of this vegetable are watermelon, pumpkin and melon.

In Egypt, cucumbers were treated with respect, juice was used for medicinal purposes. With burns or high temperature - cucumber juice was the best medicine.

In ancient Greece, this vegetable was called aoros (trans. - "immature").

Cucumbers in Russia

In the XVII century cucumbers brought to Russia. They were better grown in the east of the country and in the territory of the new Ukraine. Special farms were created where they were grown.

In ancient times, an unusual dish appeared - a black ear. Basis - broth with pickle cucumber, meat and spices.


Monuments are erected in honor of the cucumbers. For example, in Belarus, 11 years ago, a stone cucumber was elevated. In Russia, the memorial is in the city of Lukhovitsy, and in Ukraine - in Nizhyn. In Oskol there is also a monument in honor of this culture.

Beneficial features

Cucumbers remove toxins from the body

The composition of the cucumber is 95% water. Because the vegetable easily fights thirst, the product is easy to digest and does not leave heaviness.

Culture well removes toxins from the body, so they use it systematically. Cucumber juice fights well with stones in the bile ducts.

The main components per 100 g of vegetables:

  • 25 mg of chlorine;
  • magnesium 14 mg;
  • sodium 8 mg;
  • phosphorus 42 mg;
  • iron is less than 1 mg;
  • calcium 23 mg;
  • potassium more than 100 mg.

Also contains a sufficient amount of iodine for the body - 3 mcg. Assimilation is fast, which is beneficial.

Cucumber salad

Salad Recipe:

  • cucumber (preferably long) - 3 pcs.;
  • shrimp - from 50 g;
  • avocado;
  • a couple of sheets of salad;
  • cherry - 7 pcs.

For the sauce use:

  • yogurt - 1.5 tbsp. l .;
  • 0.5 tbsp. l tomato paste, ketchup;
  • 0.5 tsp cognac;
  • a couple of drops of tabasco;
  • lemon juice - 0.5 tsp

All ingredients for the sauce are mixed. Cucumbers are cut into large pieces (the size depends on the desired size of the barrel for the filling). The whole inside is taken out with a spoon and cut. Avocados are finely chopped, tomatoes are cut into 4 parts. Shrimp is boiled and cut into pieces, mixing with the rest of the ingredients. After that, add spices to taste to the salad, and fill the barrels.


When the cucumber appeared in Russia, he immediately fell in love with the people. Vegetable is consumed by almost every resident of Russia daily. The vegetable has a rich history; it was brought to Russia in the XVII century. The culture is rich in vitamins and minerals, used in ancient times as a medicine. There are various dishes that are prepared from vegetables.


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