Harvested potato varieties for central Russia
The most popular crop grown in gardens is potato. Even the most productive species will not be able to justify themselves, growing in inappropriate climatic conditions. Potato varieties for central Russia need to be selected with care. In this territory, a temperate continental climate dominates.
Harvested potato varieties for central Russia
Winters are snowy and moderately frosty, but in summer there is heat with high humidity. In this regard, from mid-July, a massive defeat of garden crops by late blight has been observed. In such areas, it is advisable to plant early species of nightshade crops in order to have time to harvest before the outbreak, later varieties very rarely produce a good crop in such climatic conditions. The early species have one drawback - almost all of them are poorly stored in the winter. Consider the most productive potato varieties for central Russia, which were used in 2017.
What are the criteria for selecting a culture
Potato varieties for the middle band are selected according to several criteria. First of all, potatoes should give a good harvest and be resistant to mechanical damage, which allows you to store it throughout the winter. Most often, potatoes with an early ripening period are chosen. Early ripening species dig in early July, when the rainy season has not yet begun. If late spring choose mid-season species.
The best varieties of potatoes for central Russia: Impala, Adretta, Bellaroz, Rosar, Luck, Gala, Sineglazka, Sonny, Lugovskoy. Mid-season potato varieties for the middle zone of Russia are usually treated at the end of June with preventive agents for late blight. Before planting, all seeds are placed in a disinfectant solution of manganese or an insecticide to prevent infection by potato infections and the spread of pests.
Early varieties of crops
Features of the climate make it possible to grow mainly early potato species in the central regions. Their ripening period ranges from 45 to 90 days. Already at the end of June, you can harvest.
With a great desire, the landing of early ripe species can be carried out 2 times a year. The main thing is to timely treat the plants with insecticides.
One of the earliest species of Impala. Harvesting can be already 1.5 months after planting in open ground. Not affected by nematodes of golden and potato cancer.
The tops are high, covered with dense greens. From the bush, you can collect 20 large root crops weighing 150 g. The total yield is 500-600 kg per 1 ha.
Just recently, varieties of potatoes with yellow flesh were considered fodder, but after the appearance of this species, everything changed. The early Adretta potato variety is ideal for the middle strip. The maturity of the culture is 80-85 days from the moment of planting. Variety Description:
- the bush is not tall, upright;
- oval fruits with yellow flesh;
- peel rough yellowish;
- from 1 ha you can get up to 400 centners of excellent quality potatoes.
The main advantage of the early appearance of Adrett potatoes is their immunity to temperature extremes. Taste indicators are beyond praise. After heat treatment, the potato breaks up. Used for mashed potatoes and chips, not very suitable for frying. An important advantage of the hybrid is its unpretentiousness to the soil composition.
The early Bellaroz culture has good quality and taste. Already 50 days after planting, they are harvesting. In the southern regions, you can get a crop twice. It has high drought tolerance. The composition of the soil for cultivation is not fundamental.
The tubers are oval; on the cut, the flesh is creamy yellow. The peel is pink, rough. The fruits are perfectly boiled. From 1 ha, you can collect up to 400 kg of potatoes.
Rosara is suitable for diet
High-yielding varieties of early potatoes are represented by Rosara. The ripening period of tubers is 70 days. The most important advantages of the species: good keeping quality and high resistance to mechanical damage. The species is resistant to many diseases, such as potato cancer, late blight, black leg.
Description of the culture:
- half-spreading bush, erect, of medium height;
- an elongated tuber with cream or yellowish flesh;
- peel is reddish-pink, rough;
- the weight of a potato varies between 130 g.
Good keeping quality of root crops is ensured by a low starch content. Also, potatoes are often used to make dried raw materials. Potatoes of the early variety Rosar are dug up already in late June. Root crops do not boil, very tasty. This kind of nightshade is allowed to be included in diet food.
A distinctive feature of the early ripe type of potato. Good luck, the rounded shape of the fruit. The root crop weighs from 150 to 250 g. The peel is light in color, almost transparent, smooth. Creamy pulp. Good luck is perfect for mashed potatoes and for frying. It is considered a universal variety.
The advantage is not only good taste indices, but also low susceptibility to all kinds of diseases. Potato Luck adapts well to any type of soil, tolerates temperature extremes, drought. Tubers for a long time retain an attractive appearance, are perfectly stored.
One of the representatives of the early types of potatoes is Gala. An unpretentious variety that responds especially well to plentiful watering. From one bush you can get 25 large potatoes of the same size.
The ripening period is 70 days. This is one of the most popular species, breeders love it due to its high resistance to various diseases and pests. Tubers after heat treatment are friable, have good taste data.
The species was derived from the Sineglazi. The ripening period is from 80 to 90 days. The species has gained particular popularity due to its good preservation (97% of the total crop). The bushes are medium sized, the stem is erect. Leaves are dark, matte.
Root crops are oval. The cut flesh is white, retains color during heat treatment. The fruits are tasty, crumbly. The variety is highly resistant to potato diseases, medium resistant to late blight. He does not like too wet soil. Growing this type of potato for the middle lane is possible without regular watering, it will have enough natural rainfall for full development.
Mid-season crop varieties
Mid-season potato varieties are also suitable for central Russia. The main thing is to carefully monitor the condition of the tops and timely spraying in order to prevent fungal diseases. If there is humid warm weather for several days, it is customary to remove the lower leaves. Mid-season varieties are better stored. Many species bred not so long ago can boast of resistance to nematodes, pests, and also fungal diseases.
Potato cultivars for cultivation in the middle lane are mainly represented by drought tolerant species. They do not even need to be watered. The plant is completely bypassed by rainfall, and if you mulch the soil with grass, you can not only save moisture in the soil, but also protect the planting from the appearance of weeds.
Mid-season potato varieties for the middle band are represented by Sineglazka, which, unfortunately, is increasingly replaced by new imported hybrids. Ripening time is 80-100 days, depending on the growing method and weather conditions. Bushes are tall, sprawling. The tubers are smooth, oblong, with white flesh. The peel is dark with a bluish tint, rough.
One root crop has a mass of about 200 g. Delicious tubers contain a relatively small amount of starch. High-yielding varieties, such as Sineglazka, fruit well on any type of soil.
Another mid-season type of potato that is often planted in the central regions is Sonny. The ripening period of root crops is about 140 days. Bushes are high, spreading, reach 60 cm in height. The foliage is bright green of medium size. The advantage of the species is its good survival rate in any climatic conditions.
The tubers are oblong, flat with white flesh. The peel is pink, has a mesh pattern. The weight of one root crop reaches 90-100g. From one bush you can get 40-50 medium-sized potatoes with high quality indicators. Sonny is resistant to many potato diseases.
Even the best elite varieties of potatoes can not be compared with a variety of sons. The only drawback is the inability to plant a view in open blown areas. High tops will constantly break under gusts of wind, which can negatively affect productivity.
It appeared in our territories only in 2002. It is highly resistant to disease. Ripening speed is 100-120 days. Shrubs are compact. upright.
The size of root crops is small, the shape is round, and the peel is red. On the cut, cream-colored flesh. The weight of the potato reaches 120 g. After heat treatment, it retains its shape. Perfect for mashed potatoes, soups and frying. It has good taste characteristics, not watery.
Harvest varieties of potatoes are presented in very large numbers. In choosing the types of culture, you need to be guided by the soil composition of your site and the method of cultivation. Potato varieties for the middle band are mostly represented by species with an early ripening period.