Growing tomato seedlings without land

Growing tomato seedlings without land is an interesting way to cultivate tomatoes. This is not only economical, but also favorable for the plants themselves. A detailed description of the method will be considered in the article.

Growing tomato seedlings without land

Method Description

Growing tomato seedlings without land has advantages and disadvantages.

Benefits

Save space. With landless germination, space is greatly saved and there is no need to purchase containers for growing seedlings. So, to get about a hundred young seedlings, only half the windowsill will be needed.

Disease resistance. Tomatoes grown in this way develop a stable immunity to diseases, especially to the black leg. This is due to the fact that most of the causative agents of infectious and fungal diseases are found in soil. With incorrect disinfection of seeds and soil, young seedlings are infected, and cultivation without land allows this to be avoided.

Young seedlings grown with the landless method of cultivation, better take root during their subsequent transplantation into soil.

This method is simple, it provides fast seedling growth and does not require complex care for young plants. It is easy enough to take care of plants, for them there is no need for watering. In addition to this, there is no inherent dirt when carrying out land work under normal conditions.

Almost all young shoots when grown without soil survive to the stage of picking, which is carried out not once for all asthenia, but in stages. They make a pick as the seedlings are pulled, and those seeds that have not yet been sufficiently stretched remain further untouched until the right moment.

Tatyana Orlova (candidate of agricultural sciences):

This method can be compared with growing hydroponic tomatoes. In all large industrial greenhouses, tomatoes are grown not in the soil (land mixture), but in an inert substrate - mineral wool or cocovite. The substrate itself is completely devoid of nutrients, they are given to plants with irrigation water in the form of solutions.

Germination. Without land, young seedlings can be grown even from expired seed material, because the germination rate of this method is higher than that of conventional germination.

disadvantages

  • this method is not very suitable for light-loving varieties of tomatoes, with it their growth slows down,
  • in some cases, excessive stretching of the plant in the stem is noted with a simultaneous inferior development of their root system.

Tatyana Orlova (candidate of agricultural sciences):

This method can be recommended only for short-term cultivation of seedlings. The fact is that in the seeds themselves there is a small supply of food in the form of carbohydrates and seedlings survive without soil only at the expense of it. The duration of the maintenance of seedlings without soil is not more than 7-8 days.

Bottle growing

There are several ways to grow tomatoes without land, one of which is using a plastic bottle instead of the usual container and toilet paper instead of the substrate. In this method, two growing options are possible - vertical (in rolls) and horizontal (in halves of the bottles).

Vertical way

For the vertical germination of tomato seeds for seedlings, you will need:

  • toilet roll
  • seed material
  • cosmetic tweezers
  • plastic bottles that can be replaced with plastic cups or plastic mayonnaise buckets,
  • rubber,
  • the building substrate used for laying the laminate, instead of it you can use polyethylene,
  • pallet or container
  • plastic bags.

Technology

Bottles need to be prepared for use.

Initially, containers are prepared where the seeds will be stacked, for which the top with a neck is cut off from a plastic bottle, having received a glass.

The construction substrate is cut into strips 20-25 cm wide and 50-70 cm long. on each of them it will be necessary to lay out 3-4 layers of toilet paper, each of which is sprayed with water.

For easy spraying of paper layers, use a spray bottle.

Seeds are laid out with tweezers one at a time about 2 cm from the bottom and 5-6 cm between them. The laid out seed material is covered in 3-4 more layers of toilet paper, which are also sprayed with water. Such a tape is rolled into a tube so that it does not turn out to be tight, and fixed with an elastic band. They put such a roll in a plastic container vertically.

It is important not to confuse the top and bottom of the roll so that the seeds are at the top. To do this, you can make a mark on paper.

Each container is covered with a plastic film on top, having previously made holes in it for air circulation. Thus, a greenhouse effect is created for the seeds. Each container is filled with water to a level so that the seeds are not touched (up to 1.5 cm) and put in a tray in a sufficiently bright place. Already on 4-7 days you can expect the first shoots.

Horizontal way

It differs from the previous one in that the plastic bottles are cut lengthwise into halves. In each lay torn toilet paper into small pieces and spray them with water. Seeds are laid out on the container at a distance of 2-3 cm, covered with another layer and again abundantly sprayed with water.

Sawdust cultivation

Instead of toilet paper, sawdust can be used for landless cultivation of tomato seedlings. The disadvantage of this method of sowing is the need for decontamination of sawdust, for which they are soaked in weakly concentrated potassium permanganate for 15-20 minutes, then they are poured with boiling water and left to swell.

Technology

Disinfected sawdust is folded into a container with a layer of 15 cm. In them, seeds are sown to a depth of 1.5-2.0 cm, maintaining a distance of 40-40 cm between them. Crops are abundantly sprayed with water and covered with plastic wrap or glass, put in a warm, well-lit place.

Care Features

When growing tomato seedlings without land, care for young seedlings is minimized: only heat and sun, no watering. At the initial stage, soil soil is not needed for plants. The need to plant tomatoes in the ground occurs at the dive stage, when cotyledon leaves develop, and the need for fertilizer - to the appearance of the first shoots.

Top dressing

Initially, seedlings grown without land can be fed by adding humic acid to containers with sprouts of humic acid. A second dressing will be required when the first leaflet appears.

Pick

It is possible to dive grown seedlings with 2-3 formed leaves. To this end, rolls are deployed, doing this with the utmost care so as not to damage the roots. Tomato seedlings separated from paper can be planted in separate containers with soil mix, rejecting weak plants. Undeveloped sprouts are left in paper rolls for their further growth and subsequent planting.

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