Growing Phalaenopsis Sapphire
Phalaenopsis Sapphire is a popular culture. A distinctive feature of this variety is that it tolerates high air temperature without harm to the structure.
An adult plant grows to 50 cm in height. It has a dense stem, green leaves with small white spots.
The buds consist of 10-20 small flowers of a blue or blue hue. The diameter of the flower is 3 cm. After 5-6 months after planting, the peduncle branches. Every year the number of flowers increases. Phalaenopsis cultivar Sapphire blooms with an interval of 5-6 months. The duration of the flowering period is a month.
Recommendations for agricultural technology
Phalaenopsis Sapphire is propagated in several ways:
- children who grow in soil from the main stem;
- shoots formed on inflorescences.
For planting, choose natural soil. The ideal option is coniferous bark, which holds the plant well in a container. The pot must be transparent so that the root system receives the right amount of sunlight. In the lower part of the pot, a drainage system and good ventilation are installed. This allows the orchid to participate in photosynthesis.
The roots of the seedling are distributed around the entire perimeter of the transparent container and sprinkled tightly with the prepared substrate. Planting depth - 5-6 cm. The pot is placed in a dark place for 7-10 days, after which it is installed on the windowsill from the north or east side (in such parts of the house, the sun's rays are refracted, and not straight). The first 2-3 months of watering is carried out with an interval of 10 days.
Sapphire Phalaenopsis cultivar needs the right temperature, humidity and air flow.
Temperature during the day - 20-26 ° C. At night - 15-17 ° C. Humidity - 60-70%. Orchid requires constant fresh air, but it is important to protect it from drafts.
The substrate is watered as it is drained. The optimal interval for irrigation, which is carried out using warm, standing water, is 2-4 days. In winter, when the orchid begins to bloom, the interval is increased to 5-7 days.
Feeding Phalaenopsis Sapphire is carried out only during the preparation of the plant for flowering. With an interval of 10 days, the culture is watered with complex fertilizers (50 g per 5 l of water). The best option is the drug "Combi-Lux."
Sapphire Orchid Care
The transplant is carried out when the root system has ceased to fit in the pot or the substrate has lost nutrients and began to decompose. The optimal transplant interval is 2-3 years. Inflorescences are pruned only after they are completely dry.
Pests and diseases
The main disease of the orchid is fusarium, root rot, anthracnose and leaf spotting.
It is impossible to get rid of fusarium and root rot, so the plant is removed along with the roots.
To really cure a culture of anthracnose with the help of the drug Fundazole (30 g per 5 liters of water). The plant is watered with a solution at intervals of 10 days. An effective tool against leaf spotting is considered "Topsin". It is diluted in a ratio of 50 g per 10 liters of water, after which the orchids are irrigated with an interval of 7 days.
Of the pests are a worm and a tick.
- They fight the worm by spraying the plants with a solution of laundry soap (1 bar is rubbed on a grater and diluted in 5 l of water).
- An orchid is eliminated from a tick only by treatment with the Acarid preparation (20 g per 5 l of water).
In order not to encounter such diseases, they carry out the prevention:
- They treat the soil with disinfectants before planting a seedling (manganese solution or oxychoma).
- Follow the recommendations for care. Most illnesses are due to improper care.
Sapphire orchid variety needs quality care. If you follow all the recommendations, it will be easy to grow a plant resistant to pests and diseases.