Growing Orange Tree

An orange tree is a representative of evergreens that are grown and propagated by cuttings or by grafting or seeds. Caring for an orange tree at home includes providing optimal indicators of lighting, temperature and humidity of air and soil.

Growing Orange Tree

Seed cultivation

Seeds are taken out of a ripe orange and examined for stains. For the successful germination of seeds, they must be dried, but before that they are washed under running water and cleaned of the pulp. Next, the seeds are soaked in a small glass containing warm water for the night.

Seeds are laid out on a damp paper towel and covered with it, then the towel is placed in a sealed zip bag, which should be kept at a temperature of 22 to 24 ° C. The paper is periodically moistened, as Do not allow the seeds to dry. After about two weeks, the latter ripen and are transplanted into sterile soil for germination and rooting. Transplant carefully to successfully root the young shoot.

Bone growing

Orange at home can be grown from seeds. For this, healthy seeds that are capable of reproduction are extracted (the correct form and not dried tissues indicate this), then they are thoroughly cleaned of the pulp, washed and soaked in water for 10-12 hours.

Suitable soil is purchased in a specialized store or prepared using peat, sand, turf soil (ratio 1: 1: 2).

  1. The seeds are sown in small, separate for each young shoot containers with a volume of 0.1 l or in a common box at a distance of 5-7 cm.
  2. Depth of landing should not exceed 1 cm.
  3. After immersing the seed in the soil, it is watered a little, the pot is covered with a film and transferred to a dark place until young plants appear.
  4. When the length of the sprouts reaches 1.5-2 cm, 2 leaves will appear, the sprouts are transplanted and rooted in a container with a diameter of 8-10 cm.

The transplant should be careful so as not to damage the roots. Care for the plant should be correct and the transplant should occur according to a certain algorithm.

Conditions of detention

Care for indoor orange:

  1. Lighting. Indoor orange is grown warm, so a good place to grow is the southern window, providing plenty of ultraviolet sunlight. In the summer, they put the culture in a place where there is access to open air, but there are no winds. Orange tree at home with a lack of solar radiation bear acid citrus fruits. In winter, provide artificial lighting that will prolong daylight hours.
  2. Temperature. An orange tree is cold-resistant, but at low temperatures it bears fruit in a few acidic oranges, so it is important to maintain a relatively high temperature.
  3. Humidity. The optimal indicator of humidity in the apartment should be at least 40%. If it is lower, then the orange tree inevitably drops its leaves and dies. Keep the air dry during the heating season. In the fight against it, a bowl with moistened moss or expanded clay is set next to a home orange tree. Excess moisture provokes decay of the root system.

Fertilizers and watering

Keep the soil dry

Every two weeks, room orange needs to be fed, applying fertilizer to the soil.

Nitrogen stimulates the vegetative growth of the tree and the formation of fruits. Phosphorus has a positive effect on the yield of orange. Potassium improves the quality of citruses and increases the winter hardiness of the plant. Calcium is responsible for vegetative and generative growth. Fertilizing the substrate with these components is extremely important.

Other substances are also used for feeding: ash per 1 tsp / 1 liter of water, crushed weed plants, dry tea leaves or coffee grounds, sugar per 1 tsp / 1 tbsp. water, egg shell powder, and aquarium water.

Watering the plant is carried out as the surface layer of the earth dries, its dryness is contraindicated. Before irrigation, water must be maintained for at least 24 hours, as watering an orange with chlorine-containing water is extremely harmful.

Grafting Features

A variety of species is grafted onto one citrus crop at the same time: oranges, lemons, tangerines, grapefruits, etc. A small process of any orange tree serves as a graft. It is important to cut the scion earlier so that there are more chances of successful splicing. You can store the branch in the refrigerator for a long time by wrapping the lower tip in wet cloth and placing the scion in a plastic bag.

The following are important for vaccination:

  1. the diameter of the scion and stock should be the same;
  2. the grafting procedure by cuttings is carried out quickly;
  3. all sections are carried out with sharp tools.

The most convenient method is copulation, in which the stock and scion are connected, wound up with a special tape firmly, then a plastic bag is put on the plant, which is tied at the bottom. The grafted orange is placed in a bright and warm place, before growing, the package is not removed for about 3 weeks.

Tree pruning

Indoor orange is cut off when it is actively growing, so that it then bears fruit abundantly. Without pruning, the crop looks groomed and blooms poorly, so it is important to care for citrus.

During flowering, the tree does not need pruning, remove only excess growth.

Protection against diseases and pests

  1. Anthracnose is an extremely dangerous disease of fungal origin, in which leaves and flowers turn yellow, twist and fall, and red pigmentation forms on the citruses themselves. In the fight against infection, damaged shoots should be trimmed and the plant is sprayed with fungicidal preparations.
  2. Wartiness affects the leaf cover, fruits and young shoots. First, yellow spots appear on them, and then they become warts of a gray-pink color. To avoid an epidemic, infected branches are removed, and the crown is processed using Bordeaux fluid.
  3. Gommosis is a pathology in which a red-brown spot is formed on the branches or trunk, which changes to gum as it dries. The infection appears when the landing is too deep, there is no drainage layer, as well as an excess of nitrogen or a lack of phosphorus or potassium. The wounds are cleaned, and treatment is carried out with a solution of copper sulfate.
  4. Late blight is characterized by the formation of a dark oil ring on young trees. Protection is the same as with gammosis.
  5. The aphid feeds on the juice of an orange tree and attacks the flower, leaf, ovary and trunk. It is characterized by high fecundity and up to twenty generations appears during the season. To combat the parasite, a solution of household or green soap, garlic water, dichlorvos, a 3% solution of acetic acid or salt are used.
  6. The spider mite attacks the leaves, settles on their lower side and feeds on plant sap, causing the death of organs. Methods of control: placement under an ultraviolet lamp for two minutes, spraying with a solution of laundry soap, 96% alcohol solution, treatment with Sulfaride paste.
  7. Mealybug manifests itself in a fluffy white coating on the leaves and a general weakening of the plant, in which growth is substantially slowed down. For treatment, Intavir, Decis, Karbofos, etc. are used.
  8. Scale, when it appears on leaves and branches, forms oval bulges up to 5 mm in size. Symptoms: colorless, sticky coating and drying of the leaf cover. Preparations: Aktara, Actellik, Fitoverm. Also, wash leaf sheets with soapy water or tincture of tobacco.
  9. Citrus nematode damages the root system in the pot and settles in it, eating protoplasm. For its extermination, chemical treatment is carried out, the soil is enriched with organic fertilizers, and heat treatment of the roots with water is also carried out.

Conclusion

It’s not difficult to take care of an orange tree growing in a pot. It is worthwhile to create suitable temperature conditions, prolonged lighting and regular provision of moisture, so that it responds with beautiful lush foliage and delicious fruits.

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