Growing Lemon Orchids
Lemon orchid was bred at the beginning of the 21st century in Holland. This plant was immediately recognized as one of the best varieties of this flower. A distinctive feature of this species is the presence of not 1, but 2 stems. The culture is unpretentious in care, so growing it at home is not difficult.
Phalaenopsis Lemon variety has high shoots. Their length is 20-30 cm. The height of the plant itself is 70 cm. Large flowers of different colors are formed in the upper part of the bush. Yellow flowers are more common. Inflorescences of yellow color are often formed with burgundy or blue splashes.
Leaves phalaenopsis Lemon saturated green hue, elongated. Their surface is covered with a dense layer of wax coating, which increases the brightness of the sun. The root system is developed in the horizontal plane.
The best option for the soil in which the seedling is planted is coniferous bark. With its help, the plant is in an upright position and receives the necessary amount of air and nutrients. Such a substrate is bought in specialized stores or prepared at home. To do this, mix 3 kg of bark of coniferous wood, 1 kg of wood ash and 500 g of peat.
The capacity for planting should be transparent so that the root system receives the right amount of sunlight. The best option would be a glass jar or a plastic container for food. Choose low and wide pots so that the roots are completely distributed over the area of the container and the plant develops horizontally. The landing scheme is simple and consists of several stages:
- 2/3 of the substrate is poured into the pot;
- to a depth of 5 cm put a seedling;
- the roots should be distributed over the entire area of the container and sprinkled evenly with soil, paying special attention to the interroot space;
- tamping the soil;
- water the plant after 5-7 days.
Propagation and flowering period
The orchid phalaenopsis of the Lemon variety propagates with the help of sprouts that form next to the main stem. For planting, only those sprouts that have formed their own root system are suitable. Otherwise, the development and flowering of the culture will be delayed for 3-4 months. Transplant the culture into a new pot should not be more often than after 2-3 years. At this point, the substrate will become poor in useful elements and begin to decompose.
The plant blooms from early October to late April. The dormant period lasts 5 months, during which it is less necessary to water the bush and apply a minimum amount of fertilizer. This will allow him to recover after prolonged flowering.
The flowering period of lemon orchids
Keep the pot with Lemon Orchid in a well-ventilated area, where indirect sunlight. It is better to put the plant in the northern or eastern part of the house, where the rays of the sun are refracted and will not cause burns to the leaves. The optimum daytime temperature for maintaining the culture is considered to be 26-28 ° C. At night it is lowered to 17-19 ° C. Such a difference increases the flowering time.
Lemon Orchid requires minimal watering. It is carried out with an interval of 14-18 days, warm, standing water. Water temperature should be 27-30 ° С. Watering is carried out by immersing a container with a flower in a bowl of water. The duration of stay in the water should be 10-15 minutes. After that, the pot is set aside to excess moisture in the glass. Feeding is carried out with mineral components. You need to make them with an interval of 10-15 days. More often, solutions of superphosphate (50 g per 10 l of water) or potassium nitrate (40 g per 10 l of water) are used.
After the flower dries and the rest period begins, pruning of the shoot is carried out, on which the inflorescence was formed. Cropping should reach the level of the beginning of the sheet. This allows you to speed up the process of new flowering.
Pest and Disease Control
The plant often undergoes diseases such as root rot and powdery mildew. Fighting root rot is pointless, because there are no tools that would fix the problem. The only option is to remove the entire flower, right down to the roots. A means of combating powdery mildew is watering an orchid with a solution of manganese (5 g per 10 liters of water).
Beetles are isolated from pests. The main symptoms of their appearance are spots on the surface of the leaf and dry top of the plant. It is necessary to fight them with the help of the drug Lux-Effect (40 g per 10 liters of water).
Prevention from pests and diseases involves processing the substrate before planting. All care recommendations should be followed in order to prevent the growth of bacteria that provoke diseases. At intervals of 2 months, the culture is sprayed with copper sulfate (30 g per 10 l of water).
Growing this orchid variety at home is possible if you follow all the rules for planting and care. This will help the plant to develop in accordance with the natural period of vegetation and form a powerful root system. Protect the culture from diseases and pests that destroy its structure and appearance.