Growing gymnosperm pumpkin
Gymnosperm pumpkin occupies a special place among the varieties of the family of this culture. A feature of the vegetable is the uniqueness of its seeds. The pumpkin in common people is called the Queen of Autumn - its benefits to humans are undeniable. It is used in cooking, traditional medicine, cosmetology.
Growing gymnosperm pumpkin
Pumpkin of this species is a large plant with lianoid-shaped hollow stems, which can reach a length of up to 12 m. The root system is powerful, the growth and development process is rapid.
The flowers of the culture are large. The fruits are characterized by medium sizes (weight - 5-8 kg), covered with a thin hard crust. Pumpkin needs the moisture level it needs, especially when it comes to the ovary. Being late with watering reduces the size of the fruits, they lose their attractive appearance.
The main part of the gymnospermous pumpkin is related to technical varieties that are designed to produce oil from seeds of a culture. Cultures were developed, the pulp of which is characterized by high sugar levels and a large number of useful substances contained in the vegetable.
A feature of such a pumpkin is its seeds, which are completely devoid of the usual hard peel. Their application is extremely wide:
- they are used to produce high quality oil;
- dried and crushed seeds - a useful addition to many dishes;
- they are often used in traditional medicine.
The content of vitamins E and A in pumpkin seeds, which act as antioxidants, characterizes them as an excellent means for rejuvenation.
According to the description of gymnospermous pumpkin, it is thermophilic. This factor affects the agricultural technology of this crop.
Soil and crop rotation requirements
A place for planting crops should be chosen sunny, protected from gusts of wind and drafts. The ideal option is the southern slopes of the hills.
A well-developed root system of the fetus requires a nutritious, well-fertilized soil. One of the main conditions to grow such a pumpkin is that the soil should not be acidic. In this case, before planting the crop, this indicator must be brought back to normal.
In order to get a good harvest of high-quality fruits, gymnospermous pumpkin must be systematically fed with both organic and mineral fertilizers.
Of great importance when planting pumpkins is crop rotation. It is not recommended to plant the culture and other representatives of its family (cucumbers, zucchini, squash) in the same place for the second year in a row. This is explained by the following reasons:
- pathogens of diseases that are characteristic of all representatives of the pumpkin family may remain in the soil;
- the land after these crops is depleted, it takes some time to recover, it will not be possible to grow a vegetable on it and get a rich harvest.
Potatoes, beets, carrots, spicy greens, etc. can serve as good “precursors” for pumpkins.
Over-pollination will harm the plant
Growing gymnospermous pumpkin is a laborious affair. Pollination of plants occurs with the help of insects. If other varieties of the pumpkin family are located near the crop site, the risk of pollination increases significantly.
It will manifest itself in the fact that next year the seeds of the culture will be the same as that of a regular pumpkin, i.e. will have a peel.
To make sure that next year this particular type of pumpkin will grow on the site, and not its hybrids, gardeners try to do pollination on their own. The essence of this process is that pollen from male flowers is collected on a brush and carefully placed on a female inflorescence.
It is recommended to do this several times. After pollination, the flower should be isolated (using polyethylene, rubber, etc.) so that the insects do not pollute, thereby harming the plant.
Agricultural Engineering Rules
Seeds that will be used for sowing next year must be selected from healthy, fully ripened fruits. After collection, they are washed, dried and placed in paper bags.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked for several days in water, and after the first sprouts of the future root system appear, they are planted in the ground. An important condition for this pumpkin is a well-warmed, moderately moist fertile soil.
If planting is carried out directly in open areas, the soil under it should be fertilized. This is done as follows:
- we form a hole with a diameter of 30 cm, into which we fill 1.5-2 liters of water (necessarily warm);
- 5 kg of humus, 70 g of superphosphate fertilizer and 250 g of wood ash are put into the recess. All components are mixed with soil to a depth of 20 cm;
- in the resulting substrate with a distance of a couple of centimeters, we place several pumpkin seeds (3-4) to a depth of 5 cm. After germination, select the 2 strongest sprouts, remove the rest;
- fill the hole with soil and mulch.
It is advised to plant gymnospermous pumpkin seedlings. This not only increases crop productivity, but also eliminates the need for later planting.
An important nuance when placing seeds on seedlings is the correct calculation of the time for transferring seedlings to open soil. From the moment of seedling biting to the moment of its transfer to the beds, 21-28 days should pass, the seedling should reach 20-25 cm, and it should have at least 2 leaves.
Transplantation can be carried out almost painlessly for the culture with the help of special peat pots.
Dry tail indicates the degree of ripeness of the fetus
When choosing a culture, you should pay attention to the following nuances:
- a ripe pumpkin has a dry tail;
- the vegetable should be medium in size. This indicates the absence of excessive fiber;
- it is generally accepted that the brighter the color of the fruit, the sweeter its flesh;
- the fact that the pumpkin is gymnospermous mature is evidenced by a dull sound that occurs when tapping on it;
- the peel of the vegetable should be even, smooth, without rotting and other damage.
Varieties of gymnospermous pumpkin
The main feature of such a pumpkin is its seeds - without a peel, covered with a transparent edible film that contains a large amount of fiber. The pulp of fruits is characterized as juicy, spicy-sweet and extremely rich in useful substances.
Thanks to this variety, gardeners learned about the presence of a crop with unique "bare" seeds.
Pumpkin is a plentifully branched plant with stems reaching a length of 5 m, which is characterized by medium climbing. The final ripening of the fruit occurs 110-115 days after planting. From one plant, under favorable conditions, you can collect up to 15 kg of fruits.
The average weight of one vegetable is 3-4 kg, the shape is flattened, the taste of the pulp is not very sweet.
Golosemyanka pumpkin is characterized by comparative resistance to low temperatures.
Varietal pumpkin Olga stands out among others in that its seeds are often used to produce pumpkin seed oil.
It is characterized by mid-ripening and average climbing. The fruits are round in shape, the weight of one instance is 5-6 kg.
Characteristic of the fruit: pumpkin flesh has a light shade, slightly sweet. Seeds are large.
Full maturity occurs 120 days after planting. Description of the vegetable: the fruits have a rounded shape, medium size. The pumpkin flesh Danae is pale yellow, dense, crisp. It is characterized by high sugar content and starchiness.
The culture belongs to the strong-climbing varieties. Sensitive to over-pollination.
The fruits have juicy pulp
Poland is the birthplace of this gymnospermous pumpkin variety. A characteristic feature of culture is its growth method - it refers to semi-bush plants. This makes it possible to plant it in small areas.
Variety Miranda is mid-season, the fruits are light green in color, have a slightly flattened shape. The pulp is juicy, medium sugar.
This pumpkin is widely popular among gardeners. In its homeland, in the Austrian city of Styria, this variety is used mainly for the manufacture of butter, which has a piquant nutty flavor and aroma.
The variety is mid-season, long-brained. The fruit weighs 4-8 kg. Shelf life can reach 3 months.
At one time, this pumpkin was popular. Due to the fact that its taste resembles apricot, they even made juice from the fruits, which they sold under the guise of fruit.
Description of pumpkin Apricot: the vegetable belongs to early ripe, dessert varieties, the shape of the fruits is oval, the flesh is light yellow.
Juno pumpkin belongs to the early ripening varieties. The plant is characterized by abundant climbing. When growing, it is imperative to observe spatial isolation.
Description of the fruit: the vegetable has a round shape, weighs about 4 kg, the pulp has a very pleasant finish. Juno Pumpkin is used fresh and processed.
Fruits can maintain their qualities for 4-5 months.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Pumpkin removal begins when the fruits reach their biological ripeness. It is recommended to carry out cleaning in one day, this must be done before the onset of frost.
If gymnospermous pumpkin contains more moisture than it should be, it should be kept in rolls, where it finally ripens.
Harvesting vegetables on an industrial scale is carried out using special pumpkin harvesters. With their help, seeds are also extracted from the fruits, which are then processed (washed, dried).
For further storage, the fruits are washed from the ground, dried and placed in a dark, cool, ventilated area (cellar). The average shelf life of pumpkins is 2-3 months.
Vegetables are placed stalks up in special wooden pallets, on shelves or in racks. In this case, the fruits should not touch - you need to shift them with hay. Pumpkins with obvious damage are unsuitable for storage.
Gardeners note that one of the difficulties in growing pumpkins is its heat lovingness. The inconvenience is caused by the need to isolate it from "relatives".
According to the observations of gardeners, this dependence was revealed: the longer the stalk of the vegetable, the longer it can be stored.
The positive properties of pumpkin contribute to the fact that both experienced gardeners and amateurs continue to grow it in large quantities on their sites.