Growing grapes Rusball
Domestic Rusball grapes are among the most popular crops. It was bred specifically for cultivation in the northern regions of the country, where the temperature is constantly kept low, so it is unpretentious to care.
Growing grapes Rusball
The Rusbol grape variety is a hybrid crop. It was obtained after crossing varieties Villard and Seedless early. Often this variety is called differently - Kishmish pleasant Mirage. The improved Rusball grapes are characterized by early ripening.
According to the description, raisins give a harvest already in early August. The plant begins to bear fruit 2 years after planting. Productivity is high: from 1 bush collect up to 30 kg of products.
Sweetness prevails in taste, but there are small notes of acid. This variety produces nutmeg wine. Due to its low calorie content (100 calories per 100 g), it is suitable for dietary nutrition.
Description of Rusball grapes: dedevo reaches a maximum height of 3.5 m. The vine is sprawling, dense. The width of the leaf plate is 6 cm and the length is 8 cm. There are small ribbed sections along the edges of the dark green sheet. The antennae on the bushes are small, thin.
- Berries of Rusmol raisins are small, oval, weighing up to 20 g, amber color;
- Bunches grow to 1.5 kg;
- On each shoot 2 clusters are formed.
Before planting seedlings, it is better to feed the soil with organic fertilizers. This will help her become more fertile and increase her final yield, so 1 m2 of compost and 2 kg of humus are added per m2. Planting is best done in loamy soil with a low content of acid-base balance. If the acidity of the soil is high, make a limestone solution (2 kg per 10 liters of warm water). The optimal amount of solution is 20 l / m².
The plant is heat-loving, therefore they grow it in sunny areas. Ideal for southern and eastern areas. Ground water should not come closer than 3 m to the surface, otherwise it will lead to root rot. It is better to buy a sapling in nurseries where it is kept in appropriate conditions. It is inoculated and treated with growth stimulants. Planting material should not show signs of illness.
Landing pit prepared in advance, in the fall. Its width should be 100 cm and a depth of 80 cm. A drainage system is installed at the bottom so that air and water circulation is correct. This helps protect the roots from disease. In the center of the hole, a support is driven in the form of a metal rod, which will support the vine of the bush and guide in the vertical direction. Muscat Muscat grapes is placed in the hole, where its roots are evenly distributed throughout the pit. After that, sprinkle everything thoroughly with earth and pour 20 liters of warm water.
Plants need to be fertilized
Muscat series Rusball grapes needs proper care. Watering is carried out as ordinary water, and a small amount of fertilizer is added to it. The first watering is carried out 3 months after planting. For each bush, 20 liters of water. Further watering is carried out as the soil dries. The optimal interval for soil moisture is 20-25 days.
The improved Rusball grape variety needs quality fertilizers. Top dressing is applied in the form of solutions.
- A year after planting, the first fertilizers are applied in the form of potassium nitrate (20 g per 10 liters of water). This mineral component improves bush growth.
- In the beginning of June, Muscat Rusbol is fed - kishmish with a solution of superphosphate (30 g per 10 l of water).
- A few weeks before harvesting, a solution of ammonium nitrate (60 g per 10 l of water) is added so that the clusters are poured and increased in size. 20 l of drugs are poured onto each bush.
Pruning is done in the summer. It is best done when dry patches or signs of illness appear on the plant. The advantage of this variety is that it does not require regular pruning of shoots. On each shoot, 8 eyes are left.
Pest and Disease Control
Rusball grapes are affected only by powdery mildew, mildew and olive spotting. Ankatsitron solution (50 g per 10 l of water) will help get rid of powdery mildew. In the fight against mildew Regent will help (10 g per 10 liters of water). Fosfarin (60 g per 5 l of water) will save from olive spotting.
Of the pests, aphids, fleas and ticks are often found. Fungicidal drugs help get rid of them.
- From aphids helps Oksikhom, in which copper is present. 80 g of fungicide are diluted in 5 l of water.
- Khomus saves from a flea (20 g per 5 liters of water).
- A solution of cayenne pepper (2 g per 5 l of water) will help against ticks. Therapeutic spraying is carried out with an interval of 15 days.
As a prophylaxis, the indicated rules for planting and care are adhered to, and they are also sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate (40 g per 10 liters of water) or manganese (20 g per 10 liters of water). Such treatments are carried out at intervals of 10 days.
Rusbol grapes are characterized by resistance to frost, yield a high yield, and also it is unpretentious in care. If you adhere to all the rules of cultivation, you can get a tasty and rich harvest.