Growing grapes from cuttings

Grapes are a perennial shrub, popular among gardeners, due to their taste. The fruits of the plant are eaten raw, and are also used for processing. Of the berries make a popular drink - wine. Growing grapes from cuttings at home is one of the best ways to get a good harvest.

Growing grapes from cuttings

Cutting

The best time for cutting Chubuk (not to plant and chop) is autumn, when all the weak and sick branches of the bush die off.

Spring is also suitable in the period before flowering. They are cut off at the edges with a sharp blade. For this, branches are selected with a thickness of at least 1 cm and a length of about 40 cm.

Rules for slicing:

  • cutting grape cuttings in autumn is carried out only after all leaves have fallen from the plant;
  • choose grape chubuki, which give the most clusters;
  • grape cuttings are not made from too curved vines;

A prerequisite is the presence of 3-4 kidneys on the chubuk. The cut stalk is soaked. To do this, it is placed in a nutrient mixture or filtered warm water for 48 hours. By soaking, all the nutrients necessary for growth are stored in the chubuk. The nutrient solution is copper sulfate diluted in water.

After the necessary time has passed, the soaked grape cuttings are divided into 2 parts, so that both have an equal number of buds, and returned to the nutrient fluid. If the cultivation of grape seedlings from cuttings is planned in a box or pots, an incision is made at right angles on each chubuk on one side.

Breeding in the fall

Harvesting grape cuttings for growing in autumn should begin before the onset of frost. Preparatory processes are carried out in the summer. To do this, moisten the soil, make mineral and organic fertilizers.

The ideal soil to plant homemade grapes is chernozem. The growing area should be protected from drafts and well-lit, without tall trees growing nearby.

Landing

Planting of finished grape cuttings is carried out in the grooves.

For this, a furrow is cut to a depth of 30 cm and a width of at least 20 cm. The distance between the rows should be at least 40 cm. When planting, fertilizers are added to the groove, as well as compost and ash.

The distance between seedlings in one row should be about 15 cm. Cuttings are planted in open ground so that they are inclined at right angles to the north. After planting, the seedlings are watered with plenty of water and spud in order to better root.

An alternative way is to plant grape cuttings in the pits. Their depth should be about 25 cm, and the width should be at least 20 cm. The distance between them should not be less than 2 m. 2 cuttings are planted in one hole at a time so that one is exactly taken root.

the topsoil is loosened for oxygen to reach the roots. If the soil on the site is sandy, they dig a hole to a depth of 1 m. Water it once a week with 50 liters of water, and planting is regularly fed.

Saving cuttings

So that grape cuttings do not die from winds and frosts, they are sheltered in winter. For the construction of the greenhouse, metal racks and a film will be needed. The height should be at least 50 cm. Under such conditions, the cuttings grow until spring.

Also, grape Chubuki effectively cover with a layer of soil to a height of 40 cm. For better oxygen access and heat preservation, alternate layers of soil, grass and dry branches. From above, they also cover everything with a film, in which cuts are made with the beginning of spring.

Growing cuttings in spring

It is important to properly store the cuttings.

To plant seedlings in the spring, it is better to cut them in the fall until the cold weather and store them all winter. For safety, the cuttings provide a comfortable environment. This includes the correct temperature and humidity.

The first step is sorting Chubuk by grades. Cuttings of the same species are tied with a rope, laid in a plastic bag or wrapped tightly in a film.

For storage of grape cuttings suitable:

  • fridge;
  • basement;
  • dacha.

It is easiest to store grape cuttings on the shelf of the refrigerator, because the correct temperature is always ensured, but this is applicable only with a small number of them. In the basement, those who plant land for breeding Chubuk for sale in the short term are kept.

The preservation of cuttings in the suburban area is carried out by simply digging them into the soil to a depth of 50-70 cm, where they are stored until spring. The disadvantage of this method is the need to periodically inspect them.

At high temperatures, the seedlings begin to swell. In this case, they are placed in the refrigerator, so that the temperature drops, and then once again instilled, but not so deep.

Training

Before planting in open ground, grape cuttings are examined to see if they are suitable or not. Chubuki that are poorly preserved, have a painful appearance and are covered with mold, do not use.

Preparing grape cuttings for growing also includes a selection of strong seedlings. To determine the suitability of the cuttings for planting, make a small transverse incision.

If the cut is dry and there are no droplets from it, the chubuk is thrown away. Such a seedling will not develop and will not produce buds and fruits. In good cuttings, juice protrudes from the notch.

Also, the suitability of seedlings is determined by the color of the incision. If nothing happened to the handle during the storage period, the wound will have a bright green color. If there are inclusions of different shades in the notch, the forelock is determined to be unsuitable.

The next step is to awaken the seedlings. To do this, take a small container, fill it with slightly warm water and immerse the cuttings there after wintering. Chubuki soaked for 48 hours. Then they are removed from the water and placed for several hours in a solution of a growth stimulator, which affects the ability of the seedling to develop roots. Next, the seedlings are planted in separate plastic cans, cups or pots with suitable soil.

Germination of cuttings in a bottle

To prepare seedlings for open cultivation, chubuki are planted in plastic containers. Then carry out a transplant to the ground. Harvesting Chubuk in a bottle for germination is carried out according to the scheme:

  • take a plastic bottle with a volume of 1-1.5 l and cut off its neck;
  • make 4-5 holes at the bottom of the tank;
  • a layer of drainage is placed on the bottom of the bottle;
  • the soil mixture and sawdust are grown on top for growing to a height of 2/3 of the capacity;
  • the stalk is planted in the soil at an angle so that the top of the seedling is at the level of the top of the tank;
  • a layer of soaked sawdust is poured on top;
  • grape cuttings are covered with a plastic cup or a smaller bottle.

It is better to place a container with a seedling on the windowsill so that the eyes of the stem look into the room, otherwise they dry out. 1 cuttings are planted in a bottle.

Inspect cuttings regularly for mold.

When the seedling has grown to a sufficient height, and the branches have sprouted the first shoots, the top cover is removed. Watering is carried out from below using a pallet. A little water is poured into it and a container with a chubuk is placed for 20 minutes, so that it is saturated with the necessary amount of moisture.

Grapes in a bottle require regular inspection. If the seedlings are moldy or covered with pus, they are removed.

Sprouting in glasses

Planting Chubuk in glasses at home for germination is carried out according to this principle:

  • take plastic glasses 0.3-0.5 l and make several holes in the bottom;
  • prepare a soil mixture of earth, fertilizers, sawdust and sand.
  • the bottom of the tank is filled with a mixture of soil and hardwood to a height of 2-3 cm;
  • put a 0.25 liter plastic cup on top without holes in the bottom;
  • the gap between the walls of small and large tanks is filled with soil;
  • clean river sand is added to a small glass and watered;
  • a shank is planted in the center of the sand, making a small depression under it;
  • cover the handle with a plastic bottle without a bottom so that only the walls remain, and watered.

Cuttings of grapes in a glass require daily application of moisture. To do this, use filtered warm water. When it becomes visible through the walls of the container that roots have appeared, and 3-4 new sheets are formed on the surface, the bottle is removed.

The finished plant is transplanted. To transplant, use an earthen mixture. Regardless of the method of germination, in late February and early May, planting is carried out in the same way as growing in the fall. In summer, you can also germinate in the bank, but it is forbidden to leave in the sun.

Propagation by green cuttings

To grow grapes from green cuttings, you need to prepare them. To do this, cut branches at the beginning of flowering or 2 weeks before it begins. Chubuki choose from broken branches and stepsons. Cut segments are placed in a container in warm water immediately after separation from the main plant. The branches are divided so that on each handle there are 2 buds.

At the bottom, a slice is made at a right angle near the lower corner. Upper - 2-3 cm higher from the hemp. All leaves and buds are removed from the forelocks. Seedlings are grown in a jar or small pots in greenhouses with a darkening, which is removed at the beginning of active growth in order to get more buds from the vine. Soaking is not required.

To store seedlings in the winter use the cellar. In the absence of mature buds, green cuttings are best placed in the refrigerator at home. In early March, seedlings are planted in a container with a soil mixture for additional growth.

Planting and growing grapes with green cuttings is carried out similarly to the classical method in late February or early May. Green cuttings are planted in open ground in the fall, until January.

Care for cuttings

In order for the grape chubuki to grow successfully, and future bushes give a good harvest, they need to be looked after.

In such regions of Russia. like Moscow, sometimes drought happens. Cuttings are waxed to better germinate. Also, before the first shoots they are regularly spudded, and the topsoil is loosened.

Care for grape cuttings at home is carried out in various ways:

  • By watering. Use warm water, seedlings are watered regularly. Lack of moisture leads to seedlings drying out.
  • Weed removal. This eliminates the risk of disease, and also improves the nutrition of bushes and roots with oxygen and nutrients from the soil.
  • Soil prevention. This includes fertilizing and fertilizing with mineral and organic substances.
  • Tillage. Grape cultivation is carried out 3 times a season. Handle carefully so as not to damage the measles system.
  • Shelter of grapes. Planting grape cuttings requires mulching with hay.
  • Removing unnecessary segments. If several shoots appear from a grape stem, it is better to leave 1.
  • Deepening the seedling and its processing. In the middle of summer, the stalk is dug up and planted 20 cm deeper. It is also better to cut off the excess parts and treat with Kornevin growth stimulator. This reinforces rooting.
  • Trimming excess branches. Wild grapes especially require this. Leave only strong and strong vines. To cut, use a pruner.
  • Installation of trellises. This allows you to stimulate the acceleration of growth and rooting of the plant, and also gives it support for branching.

Conclusion

To grow grapes from cuttings, conduct regular maintenance of the crop. An adult plant also requires the application of mineral and organic fertilizers and timely watering, which is intensified in the first month of summer. Another care step is trimming the excess segments.

It is better to harvest a large number of seedlings for the winter so that there is a choice of the strongest that will sprout in a short time. The trunk circle is important to keep clean.

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