Growing grapes Amirkhan
When growing on a vineyard, it is important to choose a Varietal variety that can produce a consistently high yield in any conditions. One of these is Amirkhan grape.
Growing grapes Amirkhan
The table grape variety Amirkhan is a representative of the early ripening group. The duration of the growing season (the time from budding to full ripeness of berries) is 110-120 days.
Amirkhan grape vine differs from the rest in large sizes. The bush reaches medium or large height. Shoots are characterized by a high growth rate. Bisexual flowers.
Leaves are ovoid with a weak dissection. The color of the foliage of Amirkhan grapes is light green.
According to the description, brushes with large berries. The shape of the bunch is cylindrical. The average weight varies between 400-800 g. The cluster density is high. This is the reason why the fruits in the middle of the berry brush are irregular in shape.
The weight of one berry is 4-6 g. The shape of the fruit is neat oval. The berries are pink. The presence of a yellow tint is possible. The seeds in the fruits are small, while consuming grapes they are almost not felt. The pulp is juicy. The taste is simple, with light notes of muscat. The skin of the fetus is thin and delicate.
Overloading the bush with fruiting clusters has a negative impact on crop quality. The ripening period of fruits increases, the size of berries decreases.
When cultivating a grape culture plot, everything is important, from choosing a place for planting the cuttings to the smallest subtleties of vine care. Only full compliance with agricultural technology makes it possible to receive abundant and high-quality crops from year to year.
Planting in the soil
The variety, known as Amirkhan, is demanding on the soil, its composition and place of planting. Culture requires a lot of light and heat. Preference is given to the southwestern or southern sides of the site. They also take good protection against strong winds.
Grapes of this variety grow well on fertile soils. The best options are chernozem or loamy soil. In the case of low fertility of the land on the site, it is more acceptable to grow a crop through vaccination.
Planting the cuttings in the soil is carried out in the spring, after a stable warm temperature is established. Landing holes are most appropriate to prepare in the fall.
Description of the preparation of the landing hole:
- At a distance of 2.5 m from each other, dig holes with a depth of not more than 0.8 m.
- At the bottom of the hole lay a drainage layer of crushed stone.
- A layer of soil mixture from chernozem, humus, sand and mineral fertilizers is laid on top.
- In the center, place a stake that will support the vine.
Before planting, the roots of a young seedling are kept for 48 hours in a special solution to accelerate root growth. After this, the seedlings are placed in the holes, gently straightening the root system. The handle is immersed to the level of the neck. After everything is sprinkled with soil and watered abundantly.
The plants need to remove excess foliage
To avoid overloading the bush, carry out spring pruning. As a result, no more than 40 fertile buds remain in the vineyard.
Weakened or extra stepchildren are also subject to removal. For better protection against infections and good ventilation, thinning of the leaves of the vineyard is carried out.
The culture is sprayed with fungicides several times during the season. The last use of drugs is carried out before the berries ripen.
Throughout the season, small portions of nitrogen, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are added. Organic dressing is carried out every 2-3 years. The main indicator for feeding is the state of the soil.
Watering the vineyard is carried out as necessary. Avoid oversaturation of soil with moisture. More frequent watering is carried out in dry periods.
Diseases and Pests
The variety receives the most significant damage from wasps that eat around the bush with fruit clusters. For this reason, the berries lose not an attractive appearance, but also marketable and taste characteristics.
The description of the control of these pests includes the following methods:
- elimination of nests on the site;
- placement of traps;
- the use of poisoned baits;
- spraying brushes with saline;
- protection of bunches by means of special nets or bags.
With heavy rainfall, the likelihood of developing a fungal disease such as gray rot increases. It leads to the death of young shoots and rotting of ripened fruits.
The main control method is fungicide treatment. In practice, Ronilan 0.1% and Rovral 0.075% showed themselves well.
Varietal variety Amirkhan is a table variety of pink grapes with good taste and marketable characteristics.