Growing Euphorbia Enopla
Euphorbia Enopla is popular for its unpretentiousness and decorative appearance. This succulent is native to Africa, distributed on the Cape of Good Hope. Observing the simple rules of care, this exotic plant can be grown at home.
Growing Euphorbia Enopla
Euphorbia Enopla is a perennial euphorbia (it looks very similar to a cactus). It is distinguished by strong branching of stems and long decorative needles.
In height, it reaches from 30 to 120 cm. The stems are ribbed, green or bluish, with "cones". Violet-red spikes grow to 4-6 cm.
Enopla is a dioecious succulent plant, in which male and female flowers are on different plants. During flowering, it becomes even more interesting, since the yellowish flowers resemble the elongated eyes of a snail.
His leaves are very small and fall off immediately. There is also a comb variety of this perennial.
Euphorbia contains poisonous juice, which causes burns and irritation. When working with the plant, rubber gloves and safety glasses should be worn.
Purchase and adaptation
When purchasing a perennial, pay attention to the condition of the stems: whether there are any extraneous spots, damage, soft areas. The needles of a healthy plant hold tight to the ribs. The roots should not be dry and stick out of the drainage holes.
- For the first two weeks, place the succulent separately from other flowers, carefully inspecting for signs of pests and diseases.
- Transplant euphorbia no earlier than a month after acquisition.
- Ensure Enople comfortable conditions: good lighting, regular watering, temperature conditions.
- If possible, do not disturb the plant (do not prune and top dress, do not often rearrange the pot, etc.) - let it calmly adapt to a new place of residence.
Enopla grows well in universal soil for succulents. If you want to make a substrate, mix slightly acidic sheet and turf soil with clean coarse sand (in equal proportions) yourself. You can add some charcoal or ash.
This succulent prefers well-lit places. It is better to place it on the southern windowsills. In summer, the plant can be taken out into the bright sun, in winter - to be illuminated.
This succulent is thermophilic and successfully withstands heat up to 30 ° C. However, in the summer he is better at 24-25 ° C. In winter, the optimum temperature is 16-17 ° C, but not lower than 12 ° C.
Plant needs a lot of light
Despite its exotic origin, Euphorbia enopla is unpretentious and not too demanding to leave. However, one must know that to maintain decorativeness she needs good lighting. When grown in the shade, the stems are very elongated and need support.
Watering and humidity
In spring and summer, succulents are watered every 10 days, provided that the top layer of the earth is sufficiently dry. Overflow for milkweed is much more dangerous than temporary drought. For irrigation use settled soft water. In winter, procedures are performed less frequently (once a month or even one and a half). Enopla is not demanding on air humidity.
Mandatory top dressing is carried out in the spring, using complex fertilizers for succulents. If you wish, you can feed the euphorbia monthly (in the warm season), but dilute the recommended dose in half. You can not overfeed Enopla with nitrogen - cracks can appear on the stems.
Young specimens can be transplanted annually in the spring, and adults - once every three to four years.
The procedure is carried out in rubber gloves and goggles (so that the juice does not splash into the eyes when the stem is broken).
- In a more spacious container, drainage from broken brick is laid, and then a layer of substrate for succulents.
- The plant is moved along with a lump, watered with a little warm water, fall asleep and rammed.
Euphorbia Enopla is usually propagated by cuttings.
A seed method of reproduction is also possible, but it is more time-consuming and rarely used by amateur gardeners.
The tops of the shoots are cut off and put in clean water to stack poisonous juice. Then they are dried in air for 2-3 days. Slicing sites on the parent plant are treated with an antiseptic.
Cuttings are deepened in wet sand or perlite for rooting (you can pre-hold it in Kornevin). A few months later, when the roots appear, transplanted into the soil. Some gardeners successfully root shoots directly in the substrate for succulents to avoid subsequent transplantation.
Diseases and Pests
|Whitefly||First, white insects with wings appear, and then a black sooty mushroom.||Excessive watering and high humidity are contraindicated. The room should be often ventilated and the flower inspected regularly.||For catching whiteflies hang adhesive tapes;|
The stems are washed with water and laundry soap.
If pests are not removed, the euphorbia needs to be treated with Fitoverm.
|Mealybug||A fluffy coating appears, similar to cotton wool. You can see oblong whitish bugs.||The flower must be kept clean, wipe the intercostal space with a damp cloth, avoiding contamination.||Brush in soapy water or detergent;|
|Mold||Fluffy white spots.||Moderate watering and maintaining a comfortable temperature.||Clean mold from flower, remove topsoil.|
In a serious case - transplant succulent. Treat with fungicide.
|Root rot||The stalk darkens, softened areas appear.||Disinfection of the instrument during pruning, proper watering, moderate top dressing.||Cut off the damaged parts and transplant the euphorbia into a fresh substrate, having previously treated the soil and plant with Bordeaux liquid, colloidal sulfur or copper sulfate.|