Growing a decorative apple tree
Many gardeners are convinced that a garden can be beautiful only during the flowering of trees, but this is the wrong opinion. In the last century, a decorative apple tree was bred, which pleases with its appearance for most of the year. Its bright leaves and unusual shape of the crown will not leave anyone indifferent.
Growing a decorative apple tree
Use in landscape design
Every year, the number of ornamental apple trees and shrubs, which are characterized by purple and red leaves, is increasing. The highest saturation of shades is observed in late spring and summer. With the beginning of autumn, the leaves of apples darken and become faded.
The description indicates that some apple trees turn red in the spring, and in the fall they acquire a green alluring shade. On such crops, you need to regularly trim the crown so that the young shoots do not differ from the old ones.
There are some varieties of apple trees with a weeping or spherical crown. For planting, you need to choose those varieties that will grow slowly.
Due to the fact that such trees can grow under the rays of the scorching sun, they are planted as protection for other plants. Try to cultivate red-leafed apple trees in small quantities, otherwise the bright lights of the foliage will make your garden groomed.
A decorative apple tree with red leaves is often used in landscape design. It is perfectly compatible with green grass or a wall covered with vegetation. Often you can find such cultures both in parks and on the streets of the city.
Apple trees with decorative characteristics can be used not only in landscape design, but also to create beautiful flower bouquets.
If you decide to create your garden in the Japanese style, then next to a decorative apple tree you can plant azaleas or bamboo. For a European-style garden, in addition to wood, beech, lily, geranium or rose are ideal.
The best option for such a style is tulips. This is because the period of their flowering falls on the formation of an apple color.
Most aesthetically, such a variety looks in the winter. It was during this period that red, orange and yellow fruits looked brightly on the trees against the background of white snow.
Combination with other cultures
For the color of the garden, it’s not enough to plant several decorative apple trees. You will need to supplement them with other cultures. You need to know which plants combine these varieties best. You can fill the voids in the garden with strawberries and other bushes on which berries grow.
You can use fragrant tobacco, irises or daisies, but the gardener will get the most aesthetic pleasure if peonies plant between apple trees. Both cultures will be combined not only in flowering time, but also in shades of buds.
If you plant a decorative apple tree as a hedge, quince, hops, blackberries and girl's grapes will look good next to it. On the first level, you can plant lemongrass, obelisk or genomelis.
Unusual trees are popular among designers
A variation of John Downey was bred in the 19th century. The variety description indicates the pyramidal shape of the crown. The height of the tree reaches 6 m. In 1 year, it grows by 30 cm. The leaves are dark green. The flowers are white, appear in May.
In September, small fruits of dark red color with a pleasant aroma are formed on the John Downey tree. In landscape design, this culture is popular.
A variety of Brandy Magic grows to 6 m. A column-shaped crown gives the tree an unusual appearance. In summer, the leaves acquire a rich green hue, and in the fall they become bronze. The flowers are pink. The description of round apples indicates the small size and yellow hue of the peel.
On some fruits you can see a beautiful pale pink blush. The aroma of apples is pleasant, slightly reminiscent of barberry.
Decorative apple tree Makamik - a tree 5-7 m high with a dense crown. It is characterized by unusual purple flowers and red fruits. The tree tolerates frosts and is resistant to disease.
Of the main characteristics of the variety of ornamental apple trees Koktsinella can distinguish the following:
- tree height - 4 m;
- the diameter of the conical crown reaches 3 m;
- the leaves change their color depending on the season: in spring they are red, in summer green, and in autumn orange;
- terry flowers of a purple hue;
- diameter of the fruit of the Coccinella variety - 2 cm;
- red apples with a slight overflow, small fruits stay on the tree for more than a month, the aroma of ripened apple is sweet, pleasant.
The types of decorative apple trees include the Pendula variety. The height of the tree does not exceed the mark of 4 m. The crown is weeping, umbrella. Leaves are green with a pearly sheen. The description of the flowers indicates a white-pink hue. From flowers you can collect honey. Pendula apples are small (up to 1 cm), yellow in color.
If we consider the description of the variety Red Sentinel, we can note a small height of the bush (up to 3 m). The variety blooms with pink buds. Red fruits that appear in September can hang on a tree all winter.
The decorative apple tree Ola grows up to about 5 m, its flowers differ in dark pink shades. The size of the fruit is about 3 cm. The culture is resistant to colds and diseases.
The height of the Carmen tree is 4 m. It has a weeping crown. Abundant flowering occurs in May. The buds are pink in color and the leaves are red. Small fruits have a red tint, are covered with a gray coating. Variety apples are considered edible.
Type of decorative apple Everest has the following characteristics:
- tree height - about 4 m;
- crown of a columnar shape;
- white flowers with pink spots;
- leaves are large, dark green;
- the fruits of the apple tree are orange with a slight red blush.
If we consider the Helena variety, the height of the tree reaches 3 m. The leaves of the variety are large, burgundy. A compact tree blooms in April, forming purple flowers. Small yellow fruits of the Helena variety can be used both fresh and canned.
Ornamental apple trees adorn the garden
Variety Profusion is characterized by powerful growth, the height of the tree can exceed 6 m. Throughout the year, the leaves change their color from red to dark brown. Depending on the care and climate, the flowers change their color. You can find both red or pink, and purple buds. Fruits reach a maximum diameter of 20 mm.
Propagation of apple trees
Experienced gardeners know what methods are best to propagate apple trees with decorative properties. The description indicates that it is best to do this with a kidney vaccine.
It is undesirable to propagate such crops by seeds. This is due to the fact that subsequently young seedlings may lack decorative qualities. Not always can they inherit the beauty of their "grandparents."
To flowering and fruiting began at a certain time and lasted longer, planting should be carried out in sunny areas. The soil should be fertile and not swampy. The more moisture there is in the roots, the greater the risk of rotting. Waterlogged soil leads to the fact that flowering will be faded and with delays.
The best apple trees grow in the suburbs.
Planting is carried out in early spring with the help of seedlings. In this case, you need to use the 5x5 m scheme. Frequent planting leads to the fact that the survival rate of the culture falls.
Planting an apple tree consists of several stages:
- Prepare a seat by first digging it in;
- make a hole with a diameter of 60 cm. The depth of the landing pit should be 80 cm;
- pour in it a little superphosphate (about 100 g) and 4 kg of humus;
- place a seedling in a pit and sprinkle it with earth;
- water the culture with 30 liters of water. After that, the mulching of the trunk circle is carried out.
Because seedlings need high-quality watering and top dressing, you need to know the basic principles of caring for them. You need to water young decorative apple trees once a week, spending 10 liters of water for each tree. Use warm boiled water so as not to clog the soil.
Mature trees do not need additional watering. They have enough natural rainfall. Top dressing should alternate. In the first month, add 3 kg of humus and 1 kg of peat under the tree. On the second - use already 400 g of superphosphate or ammonium nitrate.
Remove weeds and fallen leaves in a timely manner so that no parasites start there. During preventive pruning, dry, broken or diseased branches should be removed. The formation of the crown is carried out in urgent need and at the request of the gardener.
Despite the resistance of such apples to diseases, signs of powdery mildew and scab often appear on their surface. Spray with Bordeaux liquid (20 g of the product in 3 liters of water) will help to combat such diseases. If you notice signs of exposure to aphids, urgently need to spray the apple tree with a solution of copper sulfate (50 g per 2 liters of water).
The use of bright and unusual apple crops is justified by the beauty of trees, which will create an amazing atmosphere in the garden. The price of seedlings is low - about 200 rubles. The advantage of such crops is that they are unpretentious to care and planting.