Growing Cabbage Broccoli Fiesta
Broccoli Fiesta cabbage was bred in Holland. This hybrid is characterized by average ripening periods, which are 80-90 days from the moment of planting in a permanent place. It is distinguished by high productivity and good taste.
Growing Cabbage Broccoli Fiesta
Main characteristics of the variety
Broccoli is grown in the Central and Southern regions of the country, where there are high yields (up to 440 kg per 1 ha). When planting in the Northern part, the amount of yield decreases slightly (300 kg per 1 ha).
Description of the fetus
The cabbage variety Fiesta f1 category is characterized by the possibility of forming a vertical outlet. The leaves are long. Their color is blue-green. Small pimples are located on the surface of the sheet. The edges are ribbed, wavy. The wax layer is medium.
A distinctive feature of the F1 class broccoli f1 variety is considered the inability to form lateral shoots.
The head of a ripened fetus is characterized by increased density. She has a rounded shape, a deep green color with a slight blue. The average weight of the fetus is 1-1.2 kg. With proper cultivation and care, the fruits of the variety reach a weight of 2 kg.
High yields are noted (5 kg per 1 sq. M). When overripe, the products often crack, so you can not delay the cleaning.
Broccoli Fiesta cabbage is characterized by a rich pleasant taste. It contains useful chemical elements: phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and iodine, which allow you to maintain balance in the human body. The product is ideal for those who follow a diet. Fruits are suitable for long-term storage.
According to the description, the cultivation of broccoli Fiesta category f1 produce seedling method. To do this, in early April, seeds are planted in a greenhouse or container. They must undergo a disinfection process in a manganese solution (3 g per 5 l of water). 40 min later they are placed in a freezer for quenching.
Seeds are planted in containers or a greenhouse according to the scheme of 7 x 10 cm. The temperature of 20 ° C-26 ° C allows to accelerate the process of the appearance of the first seedlings. At night, it is reduced to 15 ° C-17 ° C. When 2-3 pairs of leaves peck on the plant, they begin to plant in a permanent place.
Landing is carried out in early May, when the earth warmed up after winter. The optimum soil temperature is 10 ° C-12 ° C, it is better to choose fertile. Black soil, sandstone, or loamy soil are well suited. Their acid level should not exceed 4%.
Unshaded areas are chosen, because the plant needs sunlight. Planting depth should be 1-1.5 cm. A distance of 50 cm is maintained between the bushes and 70 cm between rows. This allows the plants not to obscure each other and fully form the root system.
Plant Care Rules
Watering is carried out as the soil dries. For those living in a humid region, the irrigation interval should be 7-10 days. If the growing region is arid, 2-3 days. The aridity of the soil or its excessive moisture should not be allowed.
- 20 days after planting on a permanent place, the variety needs organic fertilizers - they use humus, compost or wood ash.
- The second top dressing is carried out at the time of flowering cabbage: apply ammonium nitrate (20 g per 10 liters of water) or potassium nitrate (40 g per 10 liters of water). This allows large fruits to form.
- The third feeding involves the use of superphosphate (50 g per 10 liters of water). It is carried out a week before the fruiting. It will improve the saturation of the taste of products.
Often spend mulching the soil. The soil dries out more slowly, the level of spread of weeds decreases. For mulch use a mixture of straw with humus in a ratio of 1: 1.
Diseases and Pests
One of the most common diseases that this species is exposed to is kila. A solution of Bordeaux fluid (5 g per 10 l of water) allows you to fight it.
An effective remedy against powdery mildew will be a solution of the drug "Hom". 10 g of the drug is diluted in 5 l of water and spraying the site.
In the fight against brown spotting, the solution of the Khomus preparation (30 g per 10 liters of water) saves.
Fighting pests is no less simple than fighting diseases. Oxychoma solution (40 g per 10 l of water) helps get rid of aphids. From the May beetle and fleas, a solution of manganese (10 g per 10 l of water) is used. The fight against worms and slugs involves the use of the drug "Silk" (30 g per 10 liters of water). The interval for spraying should be 10-12 days.
Broccoli Fiesta refers to simple cultures that do not need special care. To get a quality crop, be sure to adhere to all these recommendations.
The cultivation of marketable products is possible even for beginners. As soon as the head of the cabbage takes a blue-green color, they immediately harvest. This process should not be delayed: it will reduce product quality.