Growing apple trees Spartak

Spartak apple tree was bred specifically for territories with a specific climate. This is a unique variety that has been appreciated by many gardeners, as withstands hot climates and does not need constant and intensive care.

Growing apple trees Spartak

Grade characteristics

Spartak is an autumn apple variety. It was bred in 1934 by the breeder Kedrin from the seeds of the Sharopai apple tree. The variety was created specifically for the Volga region, because due to special climatic conditions, not all fruit crops can take root there and produce crops. He gained trust among gardeners and other regions.

Tree description

The trees are medium-sized, reach a height of a maximum of 4-5 m. The crown in them is dense and of an unusual round-pyramidal shape. Branches from the trunk mostly extend at an angle of 90 ° or 45 °, which is why they often break when the ripening period begins. This fact must be taken into account when forming the crown of a tree.

The fruiting of the variety is mixed, because it occurs on all types of fruit formations. The leaves of the tree are dark green and longitudinally oval in shape. The tip is twisted, but an island. The edges are wavy, pointed, symmetrical. The base of the leaves is small and narrow. They are located at an angle of 45 °, do not bend.

Fruit characterization

The fruits of the tree are medium. The mass of one is approximately 90-130 g, but in young trees they can often be up to 300 g. The shape of the apples is round or flat-round, and the skin is not thick, dense and smooth, there is almost no plaque on it.

There are subcutaneous dots of white color, they are almost invisible. The color of apples is yellowish green. Young fruits have a striped unexpressed blush, while more mature ones have rich red. Apples are best harvested at this time.

The peduncle of medium thickness and length emerges from a shallow funnel. The seeds of the fruit are light brown in color, ovoid in shape and the tip is not pointed. Usually there are a lot of them in an apple, and all are in closed or half-open chambers. The pulp is light green, creamy, fine-grained and juicy.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Apples ripen quickly

Any kind of apple has its pros and cons. Spartak is characterized by such advantages:

  • he is quick;
  • has a high and regular yield;
  • resistant to frost and drought;
  • has good consumer qualities and transportability;
  • lends itself to long storage.

There is a drawback - the thermophilic type of tree does not have immunity to scab.

Taste

The pulp is dense, soft and juicy, has a pronounced sweet taste with a sour note. The peel of the fruit is characterized by a pleasant apple aroma. Experts for the taste of the fruit gave him a rating of 4.5 points out of 5.

Productivity

The tree begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting. Young trees annually bring a large number of fruits. From a tree that is up to 8 years old, the yield per year will be from 14 to 29 kg, and from a tree from 10 years old - 50-95 kg.

Pollinating varieties

The description indicates the self-pollination of the tree, but the fruit ovary in this case will be only 30%. Despite its self-fertility, gardeners next to it plant other varieties of apple trees that help to cross-pollinate for 90% fruit set. Such species for Spartak are Idared, Uman and Ruby Dukes.

Winter hardiness

The tree was bred specifically for the Volga region. The temperature there is usually high, so the variety is well adapted to drought, but it has moderate resistance to frost. It normally withstands cold only with proper care, and at a temperature of -25 ° C the apple tree freezes and then is poorly restored.

Disease resistance

Typically, thermophilic trees have poor resistance to diseases and pests. The apple variety Spartak is no exception. If the weather is wet for a long time, then the tree and leaves are easily affected by scab. Cases where apples are infected with fruit rot or cytosporosis occur, but rarely enough.

Landing

In order for the tree to grow well and bring a rich harvest, it must be sown correctly. Proper planting is a good place, suitable soil, fertilizers and timely watering.

Landing time

For the Spartak apple tree, the best period for planting is early autumn or late winter. If in the fall, near the sowing time, the onset of frost is expected, then the cultivation should be postponed until the spring.

Technology

Before planting, you need to consider several factors.

Seedlings need to be bought in proven places and choose the youngest. Such trees take root better in the new territory. If the seedling has dry leaves or twigs, they must be carefully removed and put in water for 4-5 hours.

Before planting, you need to calculate the size of the apple tree in advance. It should receive a sufficient amount of light - for this, each tree is planted 5 m from each other.

A pit is prepared in the fall a week before sowing. It is dug up with a depth of 1.5 m, diameter - 2 m. Fertilizers, for example, peat and necessarily nitrogen mixtures, must be poured on the bottom. If planting occurs in the fall - mineral fertilizer complexes. A week later, the seedling is placed in the ground, after having straightened its root system.

Then the roots are covered with earth. Gently ram it, and the tree immediately after planting is watered abundantly.

Care

With good watering, apples will be very juicy

The tree needs regular watering, at least 4 times a month. If it is dry and hot outside, you can water it more often. To saturate the root system with oxygen, loosening and weeding of the trunk circle is regularly carried out. In frost and cold you need to cover the apple tree.

Another important item in the care is feeding the trees. Nitrogen and other mineral fertilizer complexes are selected for them. You can use natural ones, but pests quickly develop in them, so it’s better to buy artificial top dressing.

They are poured into special holes, which are made manually around the tree. So that the fertilizers are absorbed faster by the root system, the tree is watered with 2 liters of water.

The formation of the crown for this variety is especially important, because the branches of the Spartak apple tree tend to break from heavy fruits. The crown of the tree is thick and lush, pruning is carried out in the first year after it was planted.

Then all the shoots are removed, leaving only 4 main branches, but shortening them to 3 buds. Then annually only dry or crooked branches are removed.

Pest control

Pests love to attack this apple tree. Breeders are categorically against the use of insect killers. There are many popular recipes that fight pests well. Gardeners advise:

  • to get rid of aphids on the branches, take a black bleached. A dry plant is poured with 3 liters of water and brought to a boil. The cooled broth is again diluted with liquid, so that a total of 10 l comes out, and the tree is sprayed;
  • so that there are no caterpillars on the apple tree, a decoction of tomato tops is prepared. It is insisted for 5 hours in 10 liters of water, then boiled for 3 hours, filtered, allowed to cool and diluted with another 3 liters of water. After the tree can be sprayed with decoction;
  • to get rid of ants, just pour boiling water over their habitats.

Features of ripening and fruiting

The culture quickly brings the first fruits, ripening occurs 3-4 years after planting. In the apple tree, the formation of shoots is rapid, therefore fruiting always occurs with a high degree of yield. The fruits do not ripen at the same time. The first apples are usually picked in early September. Harvesting can last 2-3 weeks.

Harvesting and storage of crops

The fruits are always harvested at different times, but usually in September. 100 kg of apples are removed from one tree. They are well transported and can be stored for 2 months. Starting in mid-November, apples lose their palatability and begin to bitter.

Growing regions

The variety was developed specifically for the Volga region, but now it is popular in other regions of Russia. It is grown in the suburbs, but there the tree needs special care. Spartak apple trees 2 times a year are bleached with lime, they mulch the near-stem circle with humus and cover it with roofing material so that it does not freeze.

A variety is also grown in central Russia, but there it can often become infected with scab, which is why the tree is sprayed with fungicides. In the south of the country, it takes root much better, because there the climate is warmer. For normal growth and high productivity, the tree is regularly fed with various fertilizers.

The apple tree is also cultivated in the Urals. There the soil is completely different, it is denser, so you need to provide the tree with a sufficient amount of oxygen by regular loosening of the earth around the seedling. Another region where the variety is grown is the Kirov region. There, the tree needs top dressing from humus and compost.

Gardeners reviews

According to gardeners, the tree is picky and easy to care for. If you make the correct planting, regularly water and feed the apple tree, it grows beautiful and neat. The main thing is that it gives high productivity and has a pleasant sweet taste and rich aroma, which is why it is in high demand among buyers.

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