Growing an apple tree Pink Lady
Apples Pink Lady which year are famous for its unique and characteristic taste. This thermophilic and fruitful tree has successfully established itself in the countries of Western Europe, England and Australia, captivating the hearts of lovers with notes of vanilla and a pleasant aftertaste of wild berries.
Growing an apple tree Pink Lady
The Pink Lady apple is a late-ripening variety and is distinguished by its love for a warm and mild climate; it grows especially well in places with long and non-cold autumn. The crown of the tree is wide, oval and not very thick.
It has medium height and is excellent at shaping. The high content of nutrients in the fruits of the apple favorably affects the human cardiovascular system and is useful in diabetes and metabolic disorders.
- fruits of the same size;
- the flesh has a medium juiciness, crisp, light;
- long shelf life - up to 10 months in the refrigerator;
- tree of medium height.
Planting of this variety should be as thought out and consistent as possible. Seedlings, being demanding and partly capricious, need special preparations before being placed in the ground.
When choosing a landing site, you need to clearly determine the type of soil. When growing a tree on dwarf rootstocks, it is worthwhile to find out the location of groundwater in order to avoid flooding in the spring or to drain the soil in advance if the waters come to the surface higher than 2 m.
When growing the Pink Lady apple tree, you need to consider the early preparation of the pit. If a spring landing is planned, then the holes are prepared in the fall, and in the autumn, it is worth taking care of the place in the summer.
After the place is determined and prepared, it must be left standing for at least 3 weeks for the soil to settle. It will also help prevent premature subsidence of tree roots or damage to young roots and a break in the root neck, which can lead to the death of an apple tree.
It is better to acidify the earth by adding lime or ash in the amount of 1 kg to each tree.
The seedling must have strong roots
In order for seedlings to comfortably settle in the soil, the pit should be wider than the root system and have a peg at its bottom, so that after planting, a tree should be tied up. The roots of the tree should be well-spaced to provide adequate nutrition for their entire system.
A seedling ready for planting should stand on a knoll in a pit, and you can safely begin to fill it with soil, sequentially adding a small amount of mineral fertilizers for the apple tree.
It is necessary to ensure that the root neck is raised during planting by 5 cm, this will provide the tree with rapid growth in the future, otherwise it will be painful and slowly grow. It is necessary to create a protective soil roller of the root zone to retain water after the first irrigation, which should be 4 buckets of water.
The first year after planting, the tree must be provided with proper care, it needs regular watering. The volume and frequency of irrigation depends on the amount of rainfall and the degree of aridity of the soil. To reduce the frequency of watering, mulch should be used, it retains moisture and prevents the appearance of weeds.
You can stop adding mulch only when the tree gives the first fruits.
Never sow lawn grass near the apple tree: it makes it difficult for air to reach the roots of the tree. By November, it is advisable to dig the land of the trunk circle, before pouring 2 buckets of humus into it and adding 1 liter of ash. This method greatly helps in pest control.
If the summer is not very hot, one watering per week is enough. Only in the second year it is possible to reduce their frequency and irrigate the soil with a prolonged absence of rainfall. It is especially important to monitor the moisture of the earth during the swelling of the kidneys and the immediate ripening of the fruit.
If autumn does not please rains, care should be taken to maintain moisture in the soil, because the frost resistance of a tree directly depends on this. Watering should be in the amount of 10 buckets per 1 sq. Km. m
If fertilizers were laid during the first planting, they will last for 2 years. When the apple tree reaches three years of age, you need to feed it. To do this is simple - it is enough to form holes in the soil about 20 cm in depth around the entire perimeter of the trunk circle and fill the fertilizers with them.
When using this method, useful fertilizers reach the roots.
It is necessary to feed the apple tree from the age of three
When fertilizing, you can use such fertilizers:
- organic (litter, manure, compost materials);
- mineral (potassium, phosphorus);
- a combination of organic and mineral granules.
The best time to prune a tree crown is spring. This must be done before the sap flow begins. Cut the apple tree from the first year. If a two-year-old tree has been planted, then be sure to cut the center conductor into 3 buds.
All lateral branches need to be cut shorter than the central one by 1-2 buds, thereby forming a crown. Next year, you need to trim all the branches that will grow inward. When the tree reaches 2-3 m, all vertical branches must be removed.
Protection against diseases and pests
Pink Lady are considered the most dangerous pests for apples. Weevils, codling moth and, of course, green aphids. They can bring a lot of trouble to the gardener by infecting the tree.
Gardeners have long appreciated the protective method in the form of glue belts. They are a lightproof material that is impregnated with tar or tar.
It should be fixed at a level of 40 cm from the ground - it will not allow insects that descend to pupate to return to the tree, and then return. The belt works on the principle of Velcro, collecting pests on itself. Then the traps are burned.
When the buds take the form of a green cone, and this happens when the air temperature reaches about 15 ° C, you should treat with special insecticides, which can be purchased at gardening stores.
For those who do not like to use chemicals, there is a great way in the form of populating trichograms. These beneficial insects destroy the eggs of pests, but, unfortunately, do not withstand frosts, so they will have to be brought in every spring. Trichograms can be purchased at special laboratories.
Among gardeners, there is an opinion that the Pink Lady apple tree is one of the best varieties. The culture is absolutely unpretentious in leaving and gives a rich harvest.
Many gardeners have successfully turned this apple variety into a commercial form, because absolutely everyone will like it, having an elegant and delicate taste and preserving their freshness for a long time.