Gardeners who grow Vodograi grapes admire the large and juicy fruits. With proper care, this variety can produce crops almost every year.
The Vodograi grape variety is famous for its large berries. Their weight ranges from 500 g to 1 kg.
The variety, according to the description, does not require pollinators and goes well with other species. The annual yield of grapes is approximately 120-180 grams with bunches. The period from the beginning of flowering to the ripening of berries lasts 125 days.
Advantages of the Vodograi variety:
- graceful taste;
- constant yield.
- average transportation;
- small clusters;
- poor resistance to cold.
Vine bushes are tall and have a certain root system. Foliage - a small dissected five-lobed form. Annual branches have a light brown color, and in vegetative ones they have a red-green hue.
Berries are oval in shape, pink in color, which depends on the correct watering and the number of sunny days. The dense skin has a fleshy flesh that tastes like nutmeg. The weight of the berry is about 12 g, the length is approximately 34 mm, and the width is 20 mm. Subacidity - from 6 to 7 g / l, sweetness - from 18 to 20 g / 100 ml.
The grapes should be covered for the winter, because it is not frost-resistant. The culture can withstand up to -21 ° C. A well-known and practical way to protect the plant is to sprinkle with soil or wrap vines with polyethylene.
Due to intolerance to frost and cold, it is better to plant Vodograi in the spring. Weak branches that were planted in the fall may simply not withstand the winter.
The plant grows well in moist soil
According to the description, this species is unpretentious to the earth, but grows better and bears fruit on sufficiently moist soil. To the extent possible, the plant is regularly watered and drained, depending on the weather.
Each year, it is necessary to make potash, phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers. Organic fertilizer is used once every 2-3 years, adding ammonium sulfate to it.
This variety loves moisture. Watering is carried out in the spring, before buds bloom, and then before blooming and after completion. You also need to carry out autumn watering before the plant is wrapped.
Diseases and Pests
For prophylaxis, fungicides can be sprayed before blooming and after. Bordeaux fluid will help in the fight against these diseases. Fungicide will help solve the problem of rot. It is better to process the plant in the rain.
To avoid chlorosis, it is important to follow the watering regimen. Excess moisture leaches all salts from the soil. The metabolism of the plant also depends on this, in which yellow spots appear on the leaves, but the veins still remain green. In this case, the growth of grapes stops. If a big defeat, the bush will die.
To cure chlorosis, you need:
- If moisture is exceeded, drain.
- With a large amount of lime, make pits near the bushes, 40 cm deep and pour in the antichlorosine liquid (10 l of solution per 2 bushes). Spray foliage with the same.
- If there is not enough iron, the bushes are treated with iron sulfate (0.5%).
- Fertilize with manure if the plant is grown on sandy soil.
- When struck by ticks, it is worth treating the bushes with sulfur pollination. It is processed 2 times with a pause of 10 days.
- A tick will not appear if treatment against Oidium disease has been previously done.
When the ripening stage of the berries begins, a rich smell attracts wasps and birds, which can damage most of the crop. To protect the grapes from them, you should pull the threads over the bushes and put mirror balls.
When fighting wasps, their nests are destroyed by burning or take advantage of insecticides.
Beginners in gardening should start with the Vodograi variety, which gives a good harvest. If you properly care for and wrap up for the winter, then the culture will increase productivity from year to year.