Grape variety Russian early
Russian Early Grapes is a dessert table variety. Its main advantage is early ripening.
Grape variety Russian early
After the formation of the kidneys, the grapes ripen within 100-115 days. This dessert variety is recognized as high-yielding, because the clusters are large, with lots of berries. During the harvest period, on one bush of the plant, there are up to 20 kg of ripe fruits.
The Russian early grape variety, according to the description, is distinguished by the thickness of the wood. Because of this feature, he brings a small amount of fruit during the first 5 years after planting.
The bush of early Russian grapes over time grows in width to several meters. During fruit ripening, the leaves of the plant are heart-shaped.
Early Russian grapes are pollinated without the help of insects.
Description of the fetus
The berries of the Russian early plant are of medium size and oval in shape. One fruit weighs up to 8 g. Ripe berries have a pink and burgundy color with a pearly coating. It tastes sweet, acid free.
Fruits tolerate transportation well. They stay on the bush for a long time, but after re-ripening they quickly lose their elasticity.
The bush is grown in optimal areas, but with proper care, it bears fruit in non-traditional areas.
The main rule when growing this plant is area and light. In darkened areas, the plant is not able to take root. It is necessary to systematically remove dead branches so that they do not take away moisture and strength from healthy sprouts.
The plant needs proper watering. It is of two types:
Moisture-charging watering plants produce seasonally: in spring and autumn. Spring watering is carried out before the beginning of the blooming of grape leaves. Such care nourishes the plant with moisture and gives it strength to create leaves and healthy clusters.
Proper watering is important for the plant.
Autumn watering is carried out at plus temperature. It is on it that the plant tolerance of frosts depends. With optimum moisture, the grapes will be protected from freezing during freezing temperatures.
In summer, vine bushes are watered no more than 2-3 times per season, since a large amount of moisture in the stems leads to the appearance of poor-quality fruits. During watering, 10-12 liters of water are used per bush.
An early Russian grape variety exists without seasonal top dressing, but when used, the wood becomes more stable, and the number of crops grows every year.
Plants are fertilized in early spring before the buds mature, so that the bush can get all the necessary nutrients. As fertilizer, manure and bird droppings are used.
A healthy adult bush can reach several meters in width. Unnecessary branches should be trimmed systematically to spur the formation of fetal bunches. Pruning is carried out in early spring so as not to injure the vine. The slice is sprinkled with charcoal.
Diseases and Pests
The variety of Russian early grapes is not subjected to attacks by seasonal ticks and other insects, therefore, it does not need chemical treatments.
With a lack of sunlight and heat, the plant is prone to decay, so it is important to plant it on the right territory.
Despite the resistance of the bush to pests, it must be seasonally treated with fungicide solutions. Disease can be prevented if you follow some rules:
- produce seasonal watering;
- feed plants in spring and autumn;
- provide bushes with the optimal amount of light and heat.
Russian early grapes, according to the description, are unpretentious in care. However, for good fertility, the variety needs regular watering and top dressing.
This variety of grapes is not planted in areas with frequent rainfall: they injure the fruit. Seasonal watering in the right amount will provide the bushes with optimal protection from the cold and sufficient humidity at elevated air temperatures.