Grape variety Carmacode
Grapes Karmakod appeared on the plots of wine growers relatively recently. It was obtained by breeding, crossing the elite Cardinal, Magarach and Kodrianka. Consumer qualities of plant berries are high, and therefore seedlings of this hybrid are in demand.
Grape variety Carmacode
Karmakod grapes are classified as table varieties. The main characteristics of the plant are:
- High yield: from one shoot it turns out to collect up to 1.5 kg of berries.
- Disease resistance. According to wine growers, resistance to most diseases is about 4 points on a five-point scale.
- Frost resistance. Vines can withstand soil frosts above 24 ° C.
The Carmacode grape variety is classified as an early ripe variety. The first harvest will give the vine in the third year of cultivation.
Description of the bushes
According to the description of the Karmakod grape variety, creepers are classified as medium-tall. A healthy vine can grow to the full height of the shoot. To obtain a high yield, 10 eyes per whip are enough, while the maximum number of ovaries on the entire plant can not be more than 30.
Grapes ripen in early August, after 120 days from the beginning of the growing season. They have a tart flavor with notes of musk and have a rich reddish tint. On the sunny side of the plot, berries can acquire a red-violet color.
The mass of the middle bunch reaches 500 g, while one berry weighs within 11 g. The shape of the Karmakod grape cluster is cylindrical, and the berries on them have elongated outlines. Sugar content in ripe grapes reaches 23%, and acid - about 9 g per 1 liter. juice.
Fruits are used for fresh consumption, as well as for preparation:
- dried fruits;
- the fault.
The features of fruits include the ability to maintain quality during long-term storage and undemanding to transportation conditions.
The only drawback of the Karmakod berries is their low resistance to frost and sensitivity to excess watering. In both the first and second cases, the grapes burst.
Grapes are not difficult to grow
Growing grapes is not difficult. But, like all other thermophilic plants, the vine is highly susceptible to such factors:
- daily average temperature differences;
- a small amount of light.
That is why the vine should be protected from all adverse factors. Particular attention should be paid to the neighborhood on the plot. Plants that also suffer from mildew and white rot, leading to spoilage of berries, are best located at a distant distance.
The most unfortunate place for the cultivation of grapes are lowlands and areas with a close occurrence of groundwater (fresh and salty) water. The bad neighbors of the vine will be fruit trees and fruit bushes.
In the southern regions, the vine is grown in an uncultivated manner. In areas with a more severe climate, a plant, especially under 5 years old, needs shelter for the winter.
Propagate grapes by cuttings. To do this, the vine is harvested in the fall and stored in the cellars. The processes are planted in glasses or other covering containers. On each shoot, leave one leafy bud.
The soil for germination of seedlings should contain:
Acidity of the soil does not play a role. Landing of rooted cuttings in the soil is carried out in mid-May in the regions of the middle zone and at the end of April in the southern regions. Seedlings cross over with a lump of substrate.
The transplant hole does not differ in composition from the ground for rooting. The bulk of the soil should be humus and sod land. The space at the roots of the seedling is seeded with green manure or mulched.
Plant care is:
- timely and moderate watering;
- regular top dressing;
- pruning and forming lianas;
- preventive treatment of vines with insecticides and fungicides;
- sheltering young plants for the winter.
The lack of regular feeding and watering of the vine provokes the development of weak shoots that are not able to fight diseases and are exposed to the external environment.
The bush must be correctly formed, forming a four-arm fan with the length of the main shoots no more than 2 m.
Diseases and Pests
The Karmakod grapevine is resistant to most fungal infections, such as:
- gray rot.
The immunity of the Carmacode variety is significantly weakened by improper care and the absence of prevention.
To avoid the appearance of pests, the vine is treated with insecticides even before the leaves bloom. Twice a season, the plants are treated with Bordeaux liquid. If the summer is wet, spraying is repeated every two weeks.
The cultivation of Karmakod grapes is no different from the process of caring for other varieties. Grapes need top dressing and moderate watering, as well as protection from drafts and cold winds.
Proper care of the vine allows you to get a crop of high quality and excellent presentation, because the fruits combine the best external and taste characteristics of the ancestors.