Grape growing Descendant of Rizamat
Grapes The descendant of Rizamat received such a name for a reason: his description almost 100% repeats the characteristics of the parent. This grape culture contains all the positive qualities of its predecessor, which is why it is so popular among gardeners.
Grape growing Descendant of Rizamat
The descendant of Rizamat belongs to the group of table grape crops. It is characterized by early ripening. Fruits are filled with color and taste by the end of July.
Harvest is not in a hurry. Bunches are left on the bushes to make the fruits sweeter. The plant bears fruit for 3 years after planting.
The grape variety Descendant of Rizamat is characterized by a tall bush, its height reaches 4 m.
Other features of the variety:
- the vine is powerful, and the bushes are sprawling;
- green bark surface;
- leaf diameter - up to 7 cm;
- the outer part of the sheet plate, as well as the inner, matte and rough;
- inflorescences are bisexual, due to which the bush independently pollinates itself.
According to the description, the berries are large. The weight of each reaches 20 g. The peel is dense, pale pink.
The clusters are large, weighty, up to 2 kg, cone-shaped.
Grape variety The descendant of Rizamat is characterized by resistance to cracking and decay of fruits, therefore it is allowed to harvest with a delay of 1.5 months. The pulp of the fruit is tasty, dense, juicy.
The principle of planting the variety is the same as for most other grape crops. The Descendants of Rizamat celebrate their love for active sunrays, therefore, they are planted on the south side of the garden at a distance of 2 m from the barriers. Building structures and fences located nearby protect young bushes from windy weather.
Landing is carried out in early April, in fertile soil. The best option is black earth, loamy or sandy land. Landing in heavy soils is allowed, but for this they are diluted with sand in a ratio of 2: 1.
Seedling selection and well preparation
Seat is prepared in advance
Buying seedlings is best done in horticultural nurseries: there planting material is already grafted, which increases its resistance to diseases and parasites.
In late autumn, begin to prepare a seat. To do this, dig the entire plot, remove the weed roots from it and add 2 buckets of humus per square meter. After that, they dig a hole with a size of 60x80 cm, in which a drainage system is necessarily installed.
In spring, 20 cm of the topsoil is poured into the hole and a seedling is planted in it. After the roots are distributed over the entire area of the pit, they are sprinkled with earth and watered with 15 liters of warm water. The plant is tall, so a metal support is driven in, which changes as the plant grows. The distance between the bushes should be 2 m, and between the rows - 3 m.
Leaving involves feeding. The procedure is carried out three times for the entire growing season:
- In the spring, the next year after planting, 20 l of potassium nitrate solution (30 g per 7 l of water) is poured under the root. This helps the bushes to quickly form buds and dissolve them.
- In the summer, a few weeks before the fruiting begins, 10 l of superphosphate solution (20 g per 5 water) is poured under each bush. This is necessary to enhance the taste of berries.
- In autumn, to protect the young plant from frost, the root system is mulched with humus and straw in a ratio of 1: 1.
Before watering, all weeds are removed and the soil is loosened so that water arrives to the roots faster. The irrigation interval should be 2-3 weeks, depending on the climatic conditions of the region. Under each bush pour 20 liters of warm water. It is advisable to carry out watering in the morning so that the rays of the sun do not evaporate moisture.
Pruning is carried out in the spring. In the process, remove all damaged areas of the bush, shorten the shoots: each should have no more than 8 eyes. This helps increase yields.
Pest and Disease Control
According to the description, the most common pests of grapes are birds. As a fight against them, a hedge of dense mesh is installed around the seedling. To prevent harm from wasps, special mesh covers that cling to each bunch help.
Regular spraying with a solution of Ditan (20 g per 6 L of water) or Ridomil (30 g per 5 L of water) helps to get rid of false and powdery mildew. Processing of using topaz (10 g per 3 l of water) or karbofos (50 g per 3 l of water) helps to get rid of gray rot. When phylloxera appear, they are sprayed using carbon disulfide (300 g per 10 l of water). The interval for the frequency of treatment against diseases and pests should be 20 days.
Grape variety Descendant of Rizamat is especially popular, despite its low resistance to parasites and diseases. The reason for this is high yield indicators (20 kg from 1 bush).