Grape growing Black pearl
Often in the gardens there is an unusual Black Pearl grape. It is characterized by a large number of advantages, which attracts the attention of gardeners. Interest in this variety began to arise due to the unusual taste.
Grape growing Black pearl
Variety of grapes. Black pearls have an average ripening period. Harvest time falls at the beginning of autumn. This variety belongs to frost-resistant crops and is able to withstand temperatures of -26 ° C. If the temperature drops a little more, then the amount of yield decreases.
The taste is clearly audible sweetness. There are small indicators of acid that give the berries a piquant taste and aroma.
Suitable for making nutmeg dessert wine, raisins or fruit salads.
The grapes contain 300 kcal per 100 g.
External and taste parameters of the fetus
Description of Black Pearl grapes:
- the description indicates that Black pearl gives a great harvest: from 1 ha to 130 kg of berries;
- berry weight 30 g;
- the formed clusters are presented in cylindrical form, weighing up to 1 kg;
- berries of a dark blue shade, with a transparent structure;
- the flesh is light green, juicy.
Bushes of medium height, up to 3 m. The color of the leaf plate is dark green, with a pronounced edge. Petiole exceeds the size of the central core. On the shoots there is a small edge.
Planting is best done in elevated and well-lit areas of the garden. This will allow the plant to receive the right amount of sunlight and not retain moisture in the root system. The minimum groundwater depth is 3 m. Otherwise, a drainage system is installed at the bottom of the hole. Before planting planting material, it is better to introduce a small amount of humus and compost into the soil (10 kg / m²). Under the condition of a high acid content in the soil, liming of the site is carried out (3 kg / m²).
It is better to plant Black Pearl grapes in loamy lands or chernozem. Prepare a landing hole in advance, the dimensions of which are 80x100 cm. The deeper you plant a seedling in a hole, the more chances it has to survive harsh winters. The root neck must be at a height of 5 cm from the ground. 5 kg of crushed stone or expanded clay are poured into the bottom of the hole so that the drainage helps to remove excess moisture from the ground. 10 kg of compost is poured over the drainage to feed the ground. A grafted and healthy seedling is treated with a humate solution to protect it from earth pests. Inside the pit, a small embankment is made, up to 30 cm high. Planting material is placed in it and sprinkled with earth to a height of 30 cm. 5 kg of humus is sprinkled with the remaining part of the hole and carefully compacted. Since the plant grows tall, it is better to tie a seedling to a metal support in order to protect the bush from deformation.
The bush needs to be tied to a support
The distance between the bushes should be at least 3 m. Between the rows keep a distance of 4 m. This condition allows the bushes not to obscure each other, which positively affects the timing and quality of fruiting.
Grape variety Black Pearl needs high-quality watering and top dressing. It is better to water with an interval of 20 days. For this, boiled, settled water of room temperature is used. This will help improve traction of roots and ground. The first watering is carried out 2 years after planting. Gardeners give time to a seedling to take root and take root. After watering, the top layer of the earth is thoroughly loosened and weeds that are considered to be carriers of parasites are removed.
Feeding is carried out as the plant develops. When clusters are formed, potassium nitrate (100 g per each bush) is added under the root. In mid-summer, they feed the vineyard with a solution of ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp. L. For each bush) to increase yield. A few weeks before harvesting, fertilizing is carried out using superphosphate (20 g per 10 liters of water). In autumn, if severe frosts are expected, they mulch the soil with a mixture of straw and humus (1: 1).
Pruning is carried out in early June. During its conduct, all dry branches and the vine damaged by parasites are removed. The eyes should remain, and the antennae should be removed. Often cut the vine, which is knocked out of a common bush.
Pest and disease protection
Despite its stability, this species is often affected by mildew and oidium. A solution of Bordeaux liquid (2 g per 5 l of water) will help get rid of mildew. In the fight against oidium, a solution of manganese (5 g per 5 l of water) helps.
Of the pests, an invasion of ticks is noted. To combat them, several methods are used.
- Ladybugs are settled, which destroy ticks.
- Spraying with colloidal salt (20 g per 10 l of water) is carried out.
There are pillows on bushes, a solution of copper sulfate (30 g per 5 l of water) helps to get rid of them.
The description indicates that this grape variety will not only decorate your garden, but will also delight you with its taste. Adhering to the rules of care and cultivation, you will get a rich and healthy harvest.