Goat udder diseases and how to treat them

Goats are strong representatives of small cattle. They rarely get sick, but, like any animal, goats have a weak spot - this is their udder. Diseases of the udder in a goat is a common phenomenon if the animal does not receive proper nutrition and care. Injuries or genetic addiction can also cause illness.

Diseases of the udder of goats and their treatment

The breeder needs to clearly know the symptoms of various diseases of the udder, because timely treatment started is the key to a favorable outcome of the disease.

The structure of the udder in goats and lactation

To understand the origin of the disease of the udder of a domestic goat, you need to know its structure. The udder of goats consists of:

  • mammary glands;
  • milk ducts;
  • gland tanks;
  • nipple canal;
  • connective tissue.

Goats have two mammary glands located next to each other and placed in a skin bag. Visually on the udder, two lobes are distinguishable.

Alveoli are responsible for milk production - closed vesicles ranging in size from 0.1 to 0.3 mm. Their internal cavity is expelled by a layer of secretory cells with free ends inward. These cells through the membrane absorb substances from the blood necessary for the formation of milk. Through complex chemical reactions, cells convert them to protein (casein) and fat. Vitamins, trace elements and hormones pass into milk unchanged.

As soon as the alveoli are overflowing with secretion and the pressure in them rises, the fluid flows into the milk ducts and enters the gland tanks. Each share of the udder can produce milk independently of the other.

Next, the milk enters the nipple canal. The nipple itself consists of skin, muscle fibers and ring muscle. The latter is needed to prevent the flow of milk. Nature has laid it so that at the time when the kid sucks the nipple, the sphincter relaxes and the fluid freely exits.

When milking, cisterns and ducts are the first to empty out, but there is still fluid in the alveoli. To remove it, massage is performed with the help of pats and pushing the udder. These actions mimic the behavior of kids during feeding.

Mastitis in goats

Mastitis or inflammation of the goat udder is quite common. This occurs mainly during pregnancy and after childbirth, when the immunity of a goat is significantly reduced. In addition, the cause of mastitis can be poor animal conditions:

  • drafts;
  • dirty litter;
  • low temperature in the stall;
  • dampness.

Often mastitis occurs against the background of improper milking. Inexperienced milkmaids may not completely give out milk, provoking its stagnation.

Symptoms of mastitis

With mastitis, the animal becomes irritable, as the udder or one of its lobes hardens and hurts the goat. During illness, the following is observed:

  • edema;
  • the udder becomes hot to the touch;
  • some areas of the udder are condensed, and in advanced cases it is solid whole;
  • enlarged lymph node;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • lethargy and irritability;
  • milk becomes watery, gets an unpleasant taste and smell;
  • when filtering milk, clots are visible;
  • loss of animal appetite.

Compaction of the lymph nodes immediately after birth is not a sign of mastitis. This is a normal condition associated with childbirth.

With mastitis, proceeding in acute form, the death of an animal can occur quite quickly. Purulent inclusions are observed in the milk, and it itself acquires a putrefactive swing. Necrosis and ulcers appear on the udder. The female is removed from the rest of the herd for the period of the disease, the litter is burned, and the equipment and premises are treated with Creolin.

Sometimes mastitis is confused with a bruise. The cyst of the udder can also have some external resemblance to mastitis.

Mastitis treatment

For a favorable treatment outcome, factors provoking the disease must be excluded. The animal is transferred to a warmer barn, the litter is changed to dry and cleaned in the stall.

It is not recommended to treat inflammation of the udder in domestic goats with warming ointments or poultices. This provokes the transition of the disease into a chronic condition and only exacerbates the situation.

Recommended:

  1. Prescribe a tetracycline-based antibiotic course. Injections are done in the affected portion of the udder immediately after milking.
  2. Introduce a mixture of turpentine, alcohol and boiled water into the rumen with a syringe. You can use the drug Lysol or Creolin in the same way.
  3. If mastitis is of a bacterial nature, then the udder should be treated with bactericidal ointments.

During treatment, the female is not given concentrated and succulent feed. Drinking should be warm, but in small quantities.

Furunculosis in goats

Cones on the basis of an udder in goats are nothing more than furunculosis. This unpleasant disease is associated with poor living conditions and a poor diet. Immunocompromised animals are more susceptible to disease than others. Milk from a sick goat cannot be used; it goes to recycling.

Staphylococcus and streptococcus can provoke the body into a dirty litter or the room itself, where livestock is kept. To prevent the disease, it is recommended to clean the stalls in a timely manner, as well as closely monitor the usefulness of the diet of goats.

Symptoms of furunculosis

The faster the disease is diagnosed and treatment is started, the less harm it will bring to the animal. The first symptoms of furunculosis are:

  1. Seal at the base of the udder in the form of cones. This is the beginning of the formation of boils.
  2. Pustules formed on the site of cones. Thus the boil goes outside. After a couple of days, his autopsy occurs.
  3. The presence of scabs. If the breeder has missed the first phase of the disease, then the opened acne form scabs that cause pain to the female.
  4. The animal becomes nervous and lethargic.
  5. Milking yields are significantly reduced.
  6. Body temperature rises a lot.

If untreated, furunculosis affects the entire udder. The neglected form of the disease is quite difficult to treat.

Furunculosis treatment

A sick animal is prescribed a course of antibiotics intramuscularly. The drug and dosage depend on the degree of damage to the mammary glands.

If the furuncle balls are still inside, treatment is limited to this, and if abscesses come to the surface, they are smeared with ichthyol ointment or Vishnevsky ointment. Wool over pimples is cut for convenience.

The opened boils are washed with peroxide, removing purulent secretions, and lubricated with a solution of iodine for quick healing. Also for these purposes, streptocide in powder is successfully used. They sprinkle open sores.

In addition to drug treatment, it is important to take care of improving the living conditions of the goat. General cleaning is carried out in the barn, and the animal’s diet is enriched with vitamins and minerals. Cleanliness must be maintained both during treatment and after it.

Papillomatosis in goats

If neoplasms appear on the udder of the goat, but do not rot and do not bleed, these are papillomas, which are constantly increasing in number and size.

If the warts are bleeding or have other secretions, this is an alarming bell, indicating a possible development of a cancerous tumor in the animal. In order to check, goat tissue is taken for a biopsy.

Symptoms of papillomatosis

The disease does not affect the behavior and well-being of the animal. Warts do not cause goat inconvenience. But during milking, some papillomas can be accidentally damaged, so the milkmaid needs to be extremely careful during the illness.

Injured warts can adversely affect milk yield. For prevention, it is recommended to wash the udder with boiled water daily.

Papillomatosis treatment

In most cases, warts go away by themselves over time, but to speed up the process, you can do procedures aimed at treating the papilloma itself. Ointment can be prepared independently at home. To do this, you must:

  1. In enameled, glass or ceramic dishes, mix lactic and salicylic acid, 20 g each.
  2. Add at least 80 ml of 4% colloxylin solution.

The finished ointment can be stored at room temperature and smeared with it on neoplasms on the udder a couple of times a day, until the signs of the disease disappear.

Goat pox

Smallpox is rare among goats, but when these pets are kept together with sheep, outbreaks are possible. Smallpox is a contagious disease accompanied by fever and skin rashes.

Symptoms of smallpox

Smallpox is easily distinguished from other diseases by characteristic rashes. As soon as a sick animal was seen in the herd, they isolate it and conduct an examination of all the other goats, especially young animals.

With smallpox in goats, there is:

  • a sharp increase in body temperature;
  • swelling of the eyelids and mucous membranes of the nose and mouth;
  • mucus secreted from the nose, sometimes the eyes;
  • lack of appetite;
  • rash on the udder and mucous membranes.

After the bubbles burst, scabs remain in their place. If smallpox occurs without complications. That recovery of the animal is observed in the second, less often - in the third week after infection. Complications can lead to the death of pets. Milk from a sick goat must be boiled before use.

Smallpox treatment

If the animal does not have external signs of smallpox, but it has had contact with a sick goat, it is inoculated. For infected goats, therapy is symptomatic:

  1. Scabs and festering vesicles are lubricated with zinc ointment or iodine. Often for this purpose, zielonka is used.
  2. Animals are given nutritious soft foods.
  3. Potassium iodide is added to the drink.

After the disease, the goats acquire active immunity to smallpox. If you follow all the instructions, then a repeated outbreak in the herd can be avoided.

Bruised udders in goats

Sometimes the cause of udder problems can be some kind of injury. She is often confused with mastitis due to similar symptoms, but the reason lies in a completely different way. Some breeders leave the kids under the mother after childbirth, motivating this with the fact that the babies grow stronger and healthier, but they are mistaken.

Young kids, especially males, begin to butt as soon as their legs get stronger. Mother transfers such tremors calmly, but they often lead to injuries. In addition, the female cannot eat and sleep normally, as the kids are constantly sucking the udder.

If the bruised place hardens, you need to do massages in circular motions and lubricate the udder with warming ointments. Usually the bruising goes away after 7-10 days.

Conclusion

Diseases of the udder in domestic goats can have different origins and methods of treatment, but the common thing is that problems with the udder entail a decrease in milk yield. For the correct diagnosis of diseases, you need to contact a veterinarian. Also on the Internet you can watch thematic videos.

Timely treatment started increases the chances of the animal to recover soon. During the period of illness, goats are recommended to be fed more nutritious feeds, if there are no contraindications to this. Additional calories have a beneficial effect on the body's resistance to pathogens.

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