Goat is not covered, what could be the reason
Owners of goats often argue that good lambing in many respects depends on the parameters of both parents and a successful mating. If the male managed to cover the goat well, the pregnancy will pass without any problems and the cubs will be born healthy. But what if the goat is not covered and drives away a partner?
Goat is not covered
There can be many reasons for such behavior - illness, young age, pregnancy, or rejection of a particular male. The first indicator of the profitability of cattle breeding is a healthy and strong offspring.
Goat hunting period
Goat hunting lasts only a few days, while the breaks between readiness for mating take about 18-25 days. However, sometimes this frequency can be confused. It depends solely on the body of the animal.
The time of hunting in nature itself is extremely short, no more than a day. For this short period of the day you need to have time to mate.
The female can not be reduced immediately after lambing, otherwise the animal organism will not cope with new loads. The goat loses a lot of energy while the kid is sucking milk, and if at that moment she is pregnant, the risk of miscarriage or the birth of a weak offspring increases. Farmers often wonder when to cover a goat. Mating is worth spending every winter. By spring, the animal will give birth, and by autumn, the young will already grow up and will feed on their own.
Signs of readiness for mating in goats
Goats begin to have an active sex life after the first ten months. The weight of the animal at this point should be about thirty kilograms. If the goat is still too young or exhausted, she will not have enough internal resources of the body to bear the kids. Vivid signs of the presence of hunting in goats:
- Swollen genital organs, their noticeable and severe redness.
- The goat's anxiety and aggression increase.
- The animal constantly sniffs the stall and hay, looking for the smell of a male.
- The goat actively waves its tail, keeps it mostly high.
- The animal refuses feed and fresh vegetables.
- Discharges from the genitals become thick and viscous, which serves as a signal to the beginning of ovulation.
- The goat constantly bleats in the hope of attracting a male.
During the hunt, the artiodactyl is extremely restless, often crouches and tries to scratch on various objects, rushes to other animals.
Goat Coating Process
The safest natural route
Among breeders there is a practice of the so-called mating wave, when one goat grazes in a herd of goats. At the moment when the female is ready to mate, the male fertilizes her independently. This method of coating has one minus - the goat quickly gets tired and ceases to be interested in females.
Another widely used method has worked well among farmers. The goat is brought to the male personally and locked in a specially equipped room. Sometimes you can just put the female in a small paddock so that she stands motionless, and let the goat into her. The process of mating in artiodactyls takes several minutes. The signal of the end is a strong push, after which the female usually humps her back.
Reasons for the goat's refusal to cover
Sometimes a goat drives a male away from itself, butts or hits it with its hooves, although it is in a state of hunting. What could be the reasons for this behavior? Perhaps she simply did not like the proposed goat.
Artiodactyls are quite sensitive to the partner's pheromones, and if the male did not like the female, she will not allow him to impregnate himself. For the best result, young goats, who have this first experience, select older partners. A goat to cover a young goat must be at least two years old. In contrast, older cloven-hoofed animals are recommended for older females. This will increase the chance of having healthy babies.
In no case can you bring animals that are in a family relationship. Offspring born to such parents are very vulnerable to various incorrigible genetic disorders of the body.
Another reason the goat is not covered may be pregnancy. If the animal behaves aggressively towards the goat, then you can not cover such a goat for several cycles. The first sign of pregnancy is considered a pull-up. A goat straightens its back in the likeness of a cat. After a couple of months, the stomach increases, and the udder swells. Remember, the sooner you establish pregnancy, the better for the animal, since during this period artiodactyl should be transferred to another diet.
The cause may also be an infection or illness. A sick animal refuses mating, even if it is in a state of hunting. To minimize the risk of introducing diseases - keep one permanent male fertilizer in your herd and check it monthly. Remember that infectious diseases can get into milk and adversely affect the life of kids and humans.
The cloven-hoofed's reproductive cycle lasts about three weeks. If the female has not yet departed from past birth, then she can also refuse to cover. In this case, skip a couple of cycles to strengthen the body of the animal. In general, the goat's body is suitable for mating in the second week after birth, but the best time for mating is considered the end of autumn and the beginning of winter, as in the wild.
Covering a goat with a male is a natural and natural process. The lack of desire to mate with estrus is the first sign of a possible disease or disorder in the body. The sooner you can find out the reason for this behavior, the easier it will be to eliminate it.
Causes of Goat Sex Disorder
Diet is important
The first sign of a violation of the goat's sexual cycle is the lack of desire to mate for 2 months. Not the last reason in this matter may be the wrong menu. If the diet of a cloven-hoofed animal is not balanced, then the goat may break its sexual cycle. Lack of phosphorus, copper and other nutrients reduces the chance of a female goat covering successfully. If the body lacks magnesium, then the desire to mate may disappear altogether, and the fertility of the goat will decrease. This is reflected in the quality of products - milk becomes more watery and tasteless, fat content and the amount of useful components decrease. In order for the female to be well covered, vitamin and mineral supplements should be introduced, as well as the prevention of various diseases.
A lack of vitamin A can delay the cycle. During fetal development, the kids also need this vitamin for proper growth. To supplement vitamin A deficiency, you can give carrots, cabbage or legumes. It will also affect the milk of the animal and improve its palatability.
If the animal is in heat, but there is no desire to mate, then perhaps the reason is in external indicators. Measure the weight of the goat, because the desire to mate often depends on how much the animal weighs. The norm for a middle-aged female is no more than forty-five kilograms. In obesity, artiodactyls are reluctant to mate. They may not have this desire for several months. The reason for this lies especially in the goat's body. The hormones responsible for ensuring that the goat is coated break down in the body fat. The second extreme is the depletion of the animal. If the goat does not even have thirty kilograms, then the artiodactyl does not want to spend energy on mating.
Drug treatment of sexual cycle disorders
If all the most common causes of sexual dysfunction have been eliminated, the female is healthy, at the right age, but refuses mating - contact veterinarians for help. The most common medication that increases potency is estrofan. It stimulates the sex drive in animals and improves hormone production. The solution is administered intramuscularly, and is aimed at enhancing hunting.
Between the first and second injection should pass at least ten days. Try not to abuse this drug. A permanent artificial increase in desires in an animal may in the future become clinical impotence.
The second most popular brew among breeders is ovariovit. This homeopathic medicine is extremely effective for goats and does not cause side effects. Ovariovit is also used for the prophylactic treatment of potency problems in a female after miscarriage and false pregnancy.
This drug can restore the hunt cycle if it is too long, and cure diseases associated with a lack of desire to mate. The course of treatment is usually a month and a half.
Treatment occurs in the following sequence:
- The first week - 2.5 ml of the drug per healthy individual from thirty kilograms daily once.
- The second week - 2.5 ml of the drug per healthy individual from thirty kilograms once every two days.
- The third week - 2.5 ml of the drug per healthy individual from thirty kilograms once every three days.
- The fourth week - 2.5 ml of the drug per healthy individual from thirty kilograms twice a week.
Such prophylaxis and the right diet will help to return the pet's desire to reproduce again. In some cases, it is wise to give this medicine not only to the females, but also to the goat-fertilizer.
But with an artificial pathogen you need to be extremely careful. Stimulants can provoke an increase in temperature in the goat and overexcitation in the goat.
So, many farmers often wonder - what is the best way to cover a goat and what to do if the female drives the male away? First of all, a number of simple rules for maintaining and compiling a diet should be observed.
You can use vitamin complexes to improve potency. Veterinary experts recommend some medications, but they should be administered carefully. To find out if a young goat is covered immediately is almost impossible. Therefore, if after one mating the female begins to drive away the male - observe her. Perhaps the goat is already pregnant and then the question is whether your goat is covered by itself.