Gene-shaped columnar apple tree
The columnar apple tree Jin is an early ripe species. It is popular on small plots of land because it does not require a large space.
Gene-shaped columnar apple tree
Apple-tree Gin is hasty: the first fruits appear already in the second year. The number of crops increases every year: already on the 4th you can collect up to 6 kg. The average rate for a mature apple tree is 15 kg.
The first years, the culture grows up and only in the 5th year it begins to grow in side lashes. Because of this structure, apples form only on the glove.
Fruits ripen at the end of September and hang on a tree until cold. If the crop is harvested in a timely manner, the shelf life is extended to six months.
The columnar apple tree does not grow above 2 m, it feels good with a dense planting, therefore it is suitable for growing on small land plots. Easy to get along with other varieties.
A compact crown is formed in the early years: pruning is performed every year. The branches do not grow on the sides, they are tightly pressed to the trunk.
A tree is grown throughout Russia, even in the Urals.
To a large extent, the variety is self-fertile. He does not need the neighborhood of other apple trees. But cross-pollination improves the quality of the fruit and its size.
Can be used as pollinator of insects.
The mass of one is 120-200 g, the skin is bright red, inside the pulp is juicy and moderately dense, fine-grained not expressed.
The tasting score is high - up to 4.7 points.
Apples are not only tasty, but also very juicy. For this reason, they have a universal purpose. Juices, compotes and jams are prepared from ripe pulp.
The fruit has a good composition: the pulp contains vitamins that are useful for the human body.
Winter hardiness of the culture
The variety is resistant to frost.
Gin belongs to the winter grades. It is winter-hardy and withstands sharp changes in ambient temperature, and also survives temperature instability well in the autumn and spring.
To increase the resistance, special winter shelters are used. They help preserve the rhizome of the culture from freezing.
Be sure to protect the seedlings, the planting of which was carried out in the autumn. A small tree has enough natural shelter, so when snow falls it is not necessary to clear it.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety is universal. With minimal maintenance costs, gardeners get great benefits - apples are stored for a long time, do not spoil and are successfully transported over considerable distances.
Description of the positive characteristics of Gene:
- culture is grown in central Russia;
- withstands sharp cooling, and only the upper part of the rhizome freezes, which quickly recovers in the spring;
- good resistance to powdery mildew.
Resistance to scab allows you to get a stable annual crop.
Even during epidemics, culture does not suffer. It is rarely attacked by pests - in this case, you will need to install special nets. And she does not suffer from powdery mildew, therefore, with proper care, the fruits do not deform.
The only disadvantage can be attributed to poor survival rate of culture on frequently blown land plots.
Gin variety is grown in open field. The composition of the soil is not significant: planting is carried out in a pre-fertilized pit.
How to prepare for landing work:
- They buy a two-year-old seedling (a one-year-old does not have time to take root). The rhizome should be flexible and not tear off at the slightest pressure. They look so that there are no spots or plaque on the plant. Leaflets should also not be, only a few processes.
- A landing pit is created with a depth of 70 cm and with a diameter of not more than 80 cm. Compost or slurry is used for fertilizer (introduced into the layer of 5-6 cm). The pit is left with water for a week, and then it is mixed with the topsoil and defended for another week. After that, a peg is driven in to make additional support.
An additional drainage is created for soils with a groundwater height of 3-4 m: a layer of crushed stone is laid there and only then a seedling is planted.
Apple trees are planted 2 times a year: in spring or autumn.
Spring procedure is carried out in mid-May. It is important that the first buds do not have time to form on neighboring apple trees. During spring planting, the temperature of the soil layer is measured. If you plant the material before the soil warms up, the rhizome may die.
Planting can be done in spring and autumn
Autumn planting involves the preparation of winter flooring, so that the young tree does not die from the cold.
The pit needs to be prepared a month before the expected cold snap. By this time, the entire crop is being harvested.
If it was not possible to plant before the end of September, the seedling will not have time to adapt. In this case, the planting material is stored in a cool room until spring.
For the rapid growth of apple trees between the rows keep a distance of at least 1 m.
It is better not to choose a plot of land in the lowland, because stagnant water will pour to the rhizome.
You can not choose a place in the shade or under cover, it must be sunny.
Colon-shaped apple trees are planted with support. For this, a metal stake is placed in the landing pit.
When rhizomes are placed in the hole, all the roots are carefully aligned and covered with soil. From above they are rammed with fresh soil. Around the trunk create a roller. It will improve the quality of irrigation work in the future.
During planting, the seedling is abundantly watered (use at least 5 buckets of warm water).
During autumn planting, mulching is used. At the trunk create a flooring that will allow the rhizome not to respond to sudden changes in external temperature.
In winter, the tree is not watered or fertilized: as soon as frosts begin, any moisture in the soil is dangerous.
A total of 2-3 recharge per season. Abundant watering is preferable to the amount of moisture.
But it is also impossible to moisten the rhizome excessively, so that the opposite effect does not turn out.
The root system quickly adapts and begins to independently adjust the water level. Watering is carried out by a moisture-charging system.
The younger the tree, the farther you need to water from the trunk. For convenience, a shallow trench is created around the seedling, into which water (settled) is introduced.
Do not take dirty water or river liquid - they contain an increased number of pathogenic microorganisms.
To warm the water before watering, it is better to leave it in the morning in the sun. Well-fed and nourished.
Feeding is important during the growing season. While the apple tree grows, fertilizer is applied 3-4 times per season (using organic and mineral fertilizers).
As organics, compost, humus or chicken droppings are selected. They are diluted with water to reduce the concentration of active substances.
Mineral fertilizers should contain a large amount of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Purchased supplements during active growth help. Between dressings, the apple tree “rests” for a month.
Apple tree needs good care
Without fail, all weeds are removed from the site. Even small plants can draw out the moisture required by the rhizome.
Before watering or fertilizing, loosening of the soil is carried out - this procedure improves the throughput of the soil.
For preventive treatment or spraying of apple trees, fungicides are used that protect against powdery mildew or scab.
Mandatory procedure for maintaining the health of the tree - pruning. It is held only twice a year.
- In the spring. The name of this trim is formative. It is carried out at will - in order to give the crown a certain shape and remove curves or broken branches .. Do this before the ovaries appear, then the tree will have time to recover and bloom properly.
- In the fall. Mandatory sanitary pruning. It is carried out in the autumn, after harvesting. The procedure helps to protect the culture, make it less vulnerable to attack by pests, and also is the prevention of diseases in the spring. Cut broken and dry twigs. If there are spots or damage on the shoots, they are removed, and the places of the cuts are disinfected. During pruning, you need to inspect all the branches so that parasite larvae do not hide on them. After the procedure, the tree is covered with pest nets, and the soil is mulched.
Pruning is necessary every year - regular watering and fertilizing of the soil resumes with it, or preparation for the winter period begins.
According to the description, the Jin variety is considered to be early: under favorable conditions, a year later a couple of fruits form on the apple tree, but they are not too large or juicy.
For the 3rd year, the crop can be harvested and used for its intended purpose. And from the fifth year, the tree gives a constant number of fruits.
With proper care, the tree blooms from May to June.
Early spring allows you to get a crop by the beginning of autumn. But if the spring period turned out to be cold, then the apples will ripen only by the end of September.
A strong gusty wind, which breaks young twigs, can lead to a decrease in productivity, so the tree needs shelter.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Immediately after harvesting, the crop can be left for the winter or used to prepare healthy dishes.
They pick apples at the same time, because they all ripen the same way. They differ in good keeping quality (stored for six months) and are easily transported - they are grown for sale.
Even long-term storage of the crop does not affect the appearance of the apples or their quality characteristics.
Store is in a cold room. It should not be allowed to have high humidity, otherwise apples can rot. Better not to put the fruits along with other varieties.
Damaged or diseased apples are immediately thrown away.
The apple-tree Gin is estimated by gardeners as a promising and profitable variety. Six months after planting, the first ovaries form on the branches, and by the fall full-fledged fruits appear.
The apple tree is characterized by high winter hardiness, it is the best option for central Russia, in addition, it will become a real decoration of the land and a useful culture for the gardener.