Garden Euphorbia edged
Euphorbia fringed and euphorbia marginata is one and the same plant. It has one more name - it is euphorbia mountain snow, mountain peaks, crystal, white-fringed. In Latin, the flower is called Marginata (Euphorbia marginata), he got the name because during the flowering period it can be compared with magnificent snow balls. The flower has a white border on the leaves, this is why it differs from many other species. This variety is assigned a kinship with the family Euphorbiaceae. Euphorbia grows bordered in North America and can be found in the mountains.
Euphorbia mountain peaks is a decorative annual. The flower euphorbia varieties edged was grown in the 19th century; today euphorbia edged is popular all over the world.
In order for the flower to actively grow and develop, he needs to choose the right place for growing. In shaded areas, the plant will grow sick and very pale. Euphorbia varieties bordered incredibly active in the south grows: in this climate, he really likes to grow. If there is a desire to grow any euphorbia perennial or garden-bordered annual in this climatic zone, then planting will delight in combination with other various plants.
This variety is considered the most popular culture, which is decorated with rooms in the house and flower beds on the site. On the leaves of the flower there is a snow-white border, with the help of which the bush looks harmoniously and gives winter freshness. Caring for this variety is completely ordinary and does not require a lot of time from the gardener. The peculiarity of milkweed mountain peaks is that this type of euphorbia, like many others, is inscribed as a poisonous culture. In the leaves and stems is milky juice containing a substance called euphorbin. The juice of this flower can harm people.
The stalks are located directly, on them there are many oval-shaped leaves, light green in color. During the flowering period, the leaves change: a snow-white edging manifests itself on them of extraordinary beauty, due to which the plant is considered to be decorative. From this moment on, a feeling is created that the plant is covered with a snow cap.
This plant is an annual that can become a true decoration of the garden. In the summer months, mainly in July, flowering begins. The flowers are small, have a light shade. By themselves, they are quite plain and cannot be considered decorative, but when combined with such unusual leaves, they look incredibly beautiful.
Euphorbia is often used in landscape design. A flower is grown along with other varieties in various flower beds. Euphorbia looks especially good with decorative cereals, however, it combines with other plants and does not require special attention.
Euphorbia can reach up to 80 cm in height.
Gardeners choose such a variety for their unpretentiousness and beautiful appearance. It does not need to be watered heavily - it can easily tolerate a dry period.
When working with a flower, you should be careful: its leaves and stems are covered with milky juice, which can burn the skin. Nevertheless, for everyone who wants to decorate their summer cottage, euphorbia is a chic choice that can please the eye every day, bringing a breath of winter freshness to summer heat.
How to care for a mountain snow variety
Euphorbia fringed is considered an unpretentious plant, it is enough to simply look after it, and therefore even a novice grower can grow it. This is a great choice for those who do not have enough time to devote to the plant. However, to preserve his health and beauty, you need to follow some rules for care.
Watering a plant
Watering the flower should be moderate, as excessive watering is dangerous. Mountain snow can withstand drought, but it will not tolerate swamp in the ground. In the summer they are watered until the soil becomes slightly moist. Watering is usually done once a week. Active growth begins in the dryness of sandy and rocky soil.
From stagnation of fluid, the root rots in the flower.
If the culture is grown in the house in winter, then it should be watered to a minimum, only when the land is completely dry. Maximum humidity is not necessary. Spraying is also not necessary. When grown as a room culture, mountain snow gets along well with heating.
Lighting and temperature
For this kind of milkweed, it is very important to get enough light and heat. In order for the culture to grow and develop well, it is advisable to set up warm air in the range of 23-24 ° C. A variety of mountain peaks calmly responds to drought. In garden plots, it grows favorably until the frosts, but the cold is not for her, so it can be planted on a flower bed only for the summer season and only as an annual plant.
Euphorbia prefers open space with plenty of constant light. For better development and photosynthesis, euphorbia requires a lot of light rays, but it is able to grow in slightly shaded places. When mountain snow grows on the windowsill, it should be placed on the south window, where a large amount of light and sunlight falls: in the shade of euphorbia grows poorly.
Soil and plant nutrition
Euphorbia mountain snow does not require special soil. The plant feels good on sandy and rocky places, but best of all - on soils equipped with rich means for feeding. Planting and care must be performed according to a certain scheme, otherwise such a variety will not give active growth. At the time of the landing of domestic euphorbia, one must remember an important factor: the flower will not grow near groundwater.
The plant loves top dressing, in the role of which various fertilizers act. Manure is one of them.
To prepare manure, you need to take:
This mixture must be infused for one day. It is necessary to water with fertilizer in the evening.
Correctly select a pot for milkweed
Euphorbia mountain snow is more of a garden crop, so it is best to plant it in flower beds. Pots are used only for sowing seeds. Small cups or peat pots are suitable. You can also use plastic cups for seedlings of this flower. If there is a desire to take a plant from the garden to the house, then plant the milkweeds bordered by annuals in shallow but wide pots.
Pruning is required for plant renewal and promotes growth. Also, proper pruning helps to give the flower the desired shape. Cropping is mainly relevant for landscape design, when you need to achieve the composition of different colors of one composition. It can and should be carried out if the root system of the plant is rotten, which often happens, for example, from abundant watering. Pruning should be carried out with garden tools treated from pests. If you have good cuttings left after trimming, you can try to root them.
When cropping, do the following
- cut off the aerial part of the culture;
- cut off unimportant roots.
Always when practicing related to the milkweed mountain snow variety, it is advisable to wear protective gloves, since milky juice can get on the skin. After working with the flower, the entire garden tool should be washed with disinfectant solutions.
How euphorbia mountain snow breeds
The plant propagates in two ways:
- using seeds;
Is it possible to grow a plant from seeds? Euphorbia bordered seed cultivation - this is the most popular method of reproduction. Sevka is planted in open ground in the last month of spring, when frosts have already passed. The soil must be dug up and cleaned of weeds. Seeds are planted to a depth of about 6 cm. They germinate after about 14 days. Seedlings are planted in February or March. If a variety is cultivated from milk of mountain milk for seedlings, then the seeds are planted in containers that are filled with special seedling soil.
When planting, the seeds should be deepened a little, but not more than a couple of centimeters. At the moment when the first leaves appear, seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place of cultivation before planting in open ground. At a time when frosts end, seedlings are planted in open ground. It is necessary to observe the distance: there must be at least 30 cm between each planting. Euphorbia bordered and growing it from seeds is a simple method, and even an inexperienced gardener will cope with it.
It is possible to propagate bordered euphorbia with cuttings, and it is better to carry out such a procedure with the beginning of active growth. Root processes must be rooted in warm water. When the appearance of the roots, the cuttings need to be planted in open ground. It is still possible to root sprouts in pots of peat. The first shoots are observed after 10 days. In open ground seeds or seedlings are planted only if there is a threat of frost. For cuttings, it is best to choose young petioles. The cut must be made even, and the milky juice that stands out must be washed off.
The slice must be sprinkled with crushed coal and remove the cuttings in a warm room for a period of about 1-2 days. Too early a stalk may then not rise and landing will fail. When the cuttings are dried, they can be planted in small boxes. At the bottom of the container, pour about 2-3 cm of drainage from small stones.
The soil should be composed of the following components:
- sheet earth;
All these components should be mixed in equal proportions. In order for the landing to be successful, you need to slightly moisten the soil, but do not fill the soil. After about 30 days, the stalk will take root. If rooting has occurred, then such plantings can be transferred to open ground. If there is a fear that the cuttings will not take root, it makes sense to use the Kornevin root solution. Further care is carried out as an adult plant.
Diseases and Pests
The flower rarely gets sick and is attacked by pests. Such dangerous insects can be found:
- spider mites;
Often pests infect this perennial in cool or rainy weather. To kill pests, it is advisable to spray with insecticides. If improperly taken care of, then fungal diseases are possible. In this case, the leaves turn yellow and after a while fall. Fungus contribute to wet soils, moisture stagnation, cold and micronutrient deficiencies. They treat mountain euphorbia with snow fungicides.