Flower stalk orchids
Flowering indoor plants is a decorative value. A healthy peduncle of orchids is the key to a large number of buds.
Flower stalk orchids
The flower stalk is the shoot of a plant on which buds, buds and seeds are formed. Orchid gives one shoot during flowering. With the help of the arrow, the flower multiplies.
The size of the shoot is from 10 to 30 cm. When the arrow reaches more than 10 cm, it should be tied up. The arrow should not be long. If the peduncle began to grow more than 40 cm, the top is cut by 2-3 mm.
The buds grow on the 2nd month from the beginning of the formation of the arrow.
The pedicel is responsible for flowering. In the process of growing orchids, it is important to adhere to a number of rules so that the plant releases an arrow.
Care during the period of growth of the peduncle
In the period of active growth, favorable conditions are created for the plant. Factors affecting growth include:
- Illumination. Little light will affect the development of escape.
- Watering. After the arrow began to climb, the plant is watered as the soil dries.
- Top dressing. Feeding will help increase the number of buds. Orchid fertilizes before the first bud. Application of fertilizing after the beginning of flowering will lead to falling flowers.
The flower should not be transplanted, as this causes stress. If the peduncle has stopped growing, then it is cut. The cut should be treated with wood ash.
In case of arrow injury, the degree of damage is taken into account. If the shoot has been damaged superficially, then it is treated with a mixture of ash and activated carbon, after which it should be strengthened with additional fixatives.
If the arrow is completely broken off, then the place of breakage is cut and treated with activated carbon. An escape that breaks off is used for breeding.
Root and peduncle
An orchid may appear aerial root, which is often confused with an arrow. To recognize the shoot, you need to examine the place of growth. A root appears at the base of the leaf. The pedicel is formed in the leaf sinus.
However, sometimes its growth form interferes with determining the shoot. The arrow is able to tear a leaf and grow down. Such cuttings must be removed.
Sometimes at home, the orchid does not bloom for a long time. The reason for this is stable growth conditions.
In order for the home orchid to produce a peduncle, the plant is stimulated with stress. Stimulation is carried out in two ways - by the method of drought and temperature difference.
Reduced watering forces the orchid to produce a flower stalk. In the hot period, the flower is moistened with 1 p. at 4 days, in the cool - 1 p. in Week.
During this period, do not spray foliage. 10 days after the reduction of watering, the leaves of the plant become sluggish, and the flower begins to release an arrow. This method will cause the orchid to re-release the buds after a short break in flowering.
In the natural environment, an orchid blooms in spring, after cold weather. At home, it is important to create the same temperature.
To do this, put the pot on a loggia or balcony. The temperature difference should be no more than 5 ° C. This method will help achieve flowering from an orchid that has been dormant for a long time.
Propagation of orchids using a peduncle
Peduncle propagation is more effective than seeds
The cut arrow of the plant is used to grow a flower at home. This method is considered more effective than seed propagation. Orchid cultivation using a peduncle is carried out in two ways.
This procedure is carried out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings are cut in this way:
- The lower leaves are cut.
- Sections are sterilized with activated carbon.
- The plant is fertilized with nitrogen fertilizing.
- After the formation of roots on the handle, the shoot is cut off.
After cutting, the peduncle must be planted in the prepared soil. For two days, a young orchid should not be watered so that the plant can be rooted. After 2-3 months, the flower will grow. It is important to ensure that the handle does not break during the cut.
Growing in water
This method is used if the flower froze, is sick, or the peduncle breaks off before flowering begins.
The sequence of the procedure:
- The cutlery is placed in a bottle, having previously cut the neck by 5 cm.
- The tank is filled with water with the addition of activated carbon. The shoot should be 4-5 cm in water.
- A razor cuts the scales on the arrow to awaken the kidney
- The cut site is treated with cytokinin ointment.
If the shoot is broken, then the place of the break is cut off. Ointment is applied every week for a month. The liquid in the bottle is changed once a week. After 3 weeks, the plant has a developed root system, and it can be planted in a pot.
After the buds fall, the old arrow is cut off to put the orchid in a dormant state. The plant is capable of dropping the peduncle, however, the sooner the arrow is removed, the faster the orchid will bloom again. A frozen shoot will consume the plant's juice, which is why the orchid will not bloom again.
Pruning is carried out 3-4 days after flowering is completed. There are several rules for the procedure:
- For work, a sharp garden secateurs are used, which are disinfected with alcohol.
- After trimming, a short shoot should remain, about 2-3 cm.
- The cut is dried with cotton and treated with activated carbon.
Sometimes the shoot does not stop growing after falling flowers. After some time, new buds form on such an arrow.
On this shoot, children with roots and buds can also form. They are used for growing orchids by the shoot.
Reasons for the lack of peduncle
The conditions for keeping orchids depend on the variety and age of the plant. However, there are general requirements for care, non-compliance with which will lead to a deterioration in the vital signs of the flower. It is important to understand why the plant is not able to release the arrow.
Humidity affects the appearance of the peduncle
Orchids grow at low humidity, but too dry air will prevent the plant from forming a peduncle. Due to lack of moisture, the buds may crumble without opening. The moisture level depends on the variety of orchids:
- Vand bloom occurs at 70-80% moisture in the air during the day and 60% at night;
- Dendrobiums and Phlenopsis require 30-40% moisture;
- Cattleya produce peduncle at 40-50% humidity.
Humidity is lowered when the flower is stimulated by the temperature difference method. Otherwise, the root system will freeze and the plant will die.
Daylight hours for Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium should be at least 8 hours. In winter, the plant requires additional light sources. For illumination, special phytolamps are used. The amount of light required depends on the plant variety:
- Cymbidium produces a peduncle at 12-hour illumination;
- Paphiopedilum requires light for 14 hours;
- Katlya grow at daylight at 12 o’clock.
Lack of lighting affects not only the ability of the plant to form an shoot. Without the right amount of light, an arrow will appear, but the plant will not bloom.
The arrow appears after drought stimulation of the plant. But, being long without water, the flower will die. Orchids without moisture drop the arrow, saving water in the foliage and roots. Watering phalaenopsis and dendrobium is carried out by spraying 1 p. in Week. Sympodial varieties need one spray in 10 days. These include:
Temperature is one of the main factors affecting the appearance of an arrow. The temperature difference method is the main way to stimulate orchids. However, at low temperature indicators, the flower resets the peduncle. The heat level depends on the variety:
- Phalaenopsis will not form an arrow if the room is below 16 ° C;
- Dendrobium dies at temperatures below 14 ° C;
- Cattleya and Wanda can withstand drops of up to 10 ° C, but the room should be above 12 ° C.
Pests and diseases
A diseased plant is not able to form an arrow. Among the main diseases that affect the peduncle, there are:
- Powdery Mildew As a treatment, the drug Skor or a solution of colloidal sulfur is used.
- Gray rot. A fungicide will help in the fight against it.
- Anthracnose. The disease is treated with the help of drugs Ritomil and Mikasan.
Pests can also cause the lack of arrows. Common harmful insects are:
- Mealybug. The affected plant is treated with a soap solution.
- Shield. For treatment, use Actellik solution.
- Thrips. These insects are destroyed using the drug Fitoverm.
The peduncle of the orchid is the basis for the buds. He is also involved in breeding these plants. From a shoot that has come off, a full-fledged orchid is grown.