Ficus Benjamina Natasha
Benjamin ficus is especially popular among gardeners. One of them - ficus Natasha (ficus natasja benjamina) - is an evergreen plant from the mulberry family, which is increasingly found on the windowsills of residential apartments, offices and other institutions. Ficus Natasha is extremely popular due to its unpretentiousness and beauty. There is something in this flower that creates cosiness in the room.
Ficus Benjamina Natasha
Many signs say that in the house where the ficus is located, people quarrel less, problems are solved, and ficuses also help couples to have a long-awaited child with their energy.
Ficus - aliens from Asia, the Australian subtropics, China and the islands of Java and Ceylon; in nature they reach gigantic sizes: up to 10 m in length. Domesticated ficuses are much more modest in size. For example, ficus Natasha is only 40 cm high. Natasha variety is formed by a compact bush, the branches of which can be connected in several pieces to make a neat bonsai plant.
Many flower growers plant such a ficus specifically for bonsai art, so a small flower growth will be a plus. The color of this variety is diverse: from dark green to green with light spots, leaves 3 and 1.5 cm in size, slightly shiny. Ficuses of this genus do not require too painstaking care, but in order to achieve a beautiful crown of the bush, you need to apply recommendations for care: on time and properly water the plant, feed it.
Home care for such a flower is simple, and if all the rules are followed, even a beginner will be able to grow such a plant. Ficus Benjamin Natasha variety is suitable for the manufacture of various compositions along with other colors. Before purchasing, you need to learn how to care for the ficus of the Natasha variety, so that the plant pleases active growth. You can see what ficus Natasha looks like in a photo or video.
Lighting and temperature for ficus Natasha
Ficus Natasha does not like to move from place to place - it is better to determine in advance for him a permanent place of residence. Such a place should not be near heating systems or in a draft, the temperature should not fall below 13 ° C and rise above 28 ° C. If the ficus conditions are not to your liking, it can easily drop the leaves. It is best to put a ficus near the window.
If suddenly the ficus drops the leaves, you should not worry: the plant adapts and will overgrow with new foliage, if you look after it. It is very useful to shake the leaves and spray with settled water at room temperature - this will help form a lush crown. Ficus even in miniature looks like a real tree.
Watering plants and fertilizing
It is better to water Benjamin Natasha's ficus in several stages, so that the earth in the pot is wet evenly. Water must be left standing at least one day, at room temperature. The flower does not tolerate dry land, but excessive watering is contraindicated. After watering, do not forget to pour water from the pan: if left, the roots can rot. If the leaves turn yellow and fall after purchase, this may be a reaction to improper watering or regime change. In this case, you need to adapt the ficus at home, as well as establish a watering regime.
If the Natasha variety throws off the leaves and it is not a matter of watering, it is possible that the wrong lighting was selected. For more information on caring for Natasha Ficus, see the photo or video.
What can feed ficus? In a plant, the winter season is a dormant period, therefore, feeding at this time is not necessary. But the rest of the time, ficus should be fed monthly. When choosing a mineral fertilizer, you must carefully read the instructions, the dosage must be observed exactly, otherwise the flower may become sick. Nitrogen fertilizers contribute to the growth of the lush crown. It is better to alternate mineral and organic top dressings rather than to add them together; excess fertilizers can lead to fungal diseases.
Ficus Benjamin transplant
Transplanting a flower immediately after purchase is not recommended. After buying a ficus, the Benge will need about 2 weeks to be able to adapt at home in a new place. Therefore, the transplantation of ficus Natasha should be done no earlier than after 2 weeks, or even a month. Transplantation is carried out from early April to late August. Young plants need to be replanted every year, and adults - once every 3-4 years.
A sure sign that the time for transplanting is more frequent drying out of the soil, indicating that the roots are crowded in the pot. Starting the transplant, you need to take a new pot 3-4 cm larger than the previous one in width and height. A good drainage layer should be put on the bottom, and pour on top a special mixture for ficus with humus, sand and peat. Next, you need to carefully remove the flower from the old pot with an earthen lump, without damaging the roots, and transplant to a new place. At the edges of the pot, between the walls of the tank, you need to pour a little earth and gently compact it.
At ficus Natasha, reproduction can be done in the spring. It is best to carry out reproduction by cuttings, on which there are 3-4 kidneys. You can root in water or plant in the soil immediately, while you need to create the effect of a greenhouse. You can use a special tool for the formation of roots such as "Kornevin." To do this, the stalk should be “powdered” with a composition for root formation or placed in a solution (if it is written according to the instructions for the preparation) and planted in a moist nutrient soil.
While the stalk will form roots, it should be covered with a transparent film on top. The plant must be in this greenhouse until roots are formed. Do not forget to maintain humidity without flooding the soil. As soon as the first roots appear, ficus can be planted in a permanent pot.
Pruning is important to form the correct crown of the tree. Also, with its help, you can restore a dried flower at home and get active growth. If this is not done, the branches will stretch in length and weaken, and this will greatly affect the health and appearance of the plant. Pruning is carried out in February, as soon as the flower begins to "wake up" and the first rudiments of leaves appear. Cut off all long and weak branches. Ficus Benjamin is a fast-growing plant, so pruning should be done the next year of life after purchase.
Trimming young shoots is best. The longer the branch, the shorter it needs to be cut. No need to be afraid to cut the tops: from such pruning, the bush will only be more magnificent, side buds will form. A section is made over the kidney, using secateurs or clippers, on thick shoots at an angle, and on thin shoots - a straight line. If bush branches are affected by pests, they must also be removed. The slice is necessarily processed by garden var to avoid diseases of the ficus. If the pruning milky juice got on your hands, be sure to wash it off with soap and water.
Pests and diseases
Most often, ficuses suffer from leaf spotting and root rot. These types of plants periodically turn yellow and drop leaves. This is most likely due to an uncomfortable environment. The temperature may be too high or, conversely, low. This tropical plant needs high humidity, therefore, next to the ficus, it is better to install a humidifier or in the hot season to constantly raise humidity by spraying the bush.
Overmoistening of the earth does not benefit the flower; from this, the ficus can get root rot. It is only necessary to treat such a disease by pruning damaged roots and special antifungal drugs. If the fungus has covered the entire flower, a plant transplant is needed. Feeding ficus is also necessary in moderation, an excess of fertilizers can lead to fungal diseases.
Common Ficus Pests
- Spider mite. Ficuses are most often damaged by them. If whitish spots on the leaves or a thin cobweb become noticeable, the plant is most likely infected. Affected leaves fall off after spider mite attacks. After identifying the problem, you must immediately begin to treat the plant with a special preparation for spider mites. The appearance of such a pest contributes to excessive dry air. It is best to keep and grow a flower on the east or west side. During the period of solar activity, ficus should be removed from direct sunlight. In winter, so that the leaves do not dry out, you need to maintain air humidity at a mark of at least 50-70%. You can place wet expanded clay or moss next to the flower.
- Shield. This pest eats juice from the leaves and trunk, leaving special secretions, which in turn contribute to the appearance of soot fungus. This is dangerous because plant growth slows down, leaves turn yellow and fall off. You can get rid of such a pest only by treating the flower with a medicinal compound, which can be purchased in a specialized store, and get rid of damaged shoots. As a prophylaxis against scale insects, it is recommended to inspect the flower daily for pests. If insects are found, it is necessary to clean.
- Mealybug. This is a very small white insect that feeds on the sap of the plant. They get rid of it in the same way as they get rid of scale insects. A mealybug appears due to improper care or a feeding schedule. If a mealybug has appeared on the flower, the ficus may be oversaturated with nitrogen. With an excess of nitrogen in the leaves, the metabolism is disrupted, and they become vulnerable to attack by pests. With dry air, pests can attack the flower even more actively, so you can not place ficus near heating appliances. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to immediately remove dried leaves, as they serve as a breeding ground for insects. Periodically, a flower should be arranged for a warm shower; it will wash away possible insects.
Problems with ficus appear due to non-compliance with the conditions of detention. You can prevent these troubles if you know what is harmful to the flower. This can be dry air in the apartment, excessive watering or drying out of an earthen coma, drafts, lack of sunlight, frequent movement of the pot, stagnant water in the pan, too frequent feeding. To avoid problems in care, you should study the description of Benjamin's ficus and the rules of care.
From ficus, you can make a real decoration of the room, if you know how to decorate the crown using the correct trim at home. Miniature ficuses are most often formed in the form of a ball, a multi-tiered bonsai-style stem or in the form of some complex figures. It is best to start the formation of the crown in the tree while it is still young, more mature plants grow more slowly. Planned pruning for the formation is carried out in early spring at the beginning of active growth. You can cut the ficus at another time, if there are very elongated shoots; branches growing inside the bush, damaged and dry branches are also removed immediately. Often, ficuses "braid" among themselves, combining two, three or more plants into one to give a decorative look and make the crown more magnificent.
If you have four young ficus, which individually do not have very dense foliage and you want to combine them into one plant, you can try braiding them. To do this, you need to prepare a larger pot for them (all four root systems should fit in it), carefully remove the plants from the pots, slightly remove the old earth and fold it so that the trunks are as close to each other as possible. All branches that interfere are best trimmed. Then the plants are planted in a new container, pouring soil along the edges and be sure to tamp.
Tamping is necessary so that after watering the plant does not skew sideways or fall through in a pot. The trunks are wrapped with a thread of natural material or a burlap ribbon, beautifully interlacing. Then the plant is pruned, forming the crown of the desired shape. To give the plant a rounded shape, the side branches and tops are cut so that the crown forms in the form of a ball. If suddenly pests appear on such a plant, it must be remembered that between the trunks entwined with a rope, they will reproduce most of all, since there are created optimal conditions for this. That is why we must not forget to carefully process the rope itself with a medicinal product.
How to braid a ficus with a pigtail
To weave a ficus in the form of a braid, 3 plants of the same size are needed. This is important, because a larger plant in weaving will drown out the growth of a smaller one over time. That ficus, which was originally large, will grow, and smaller ones may even stop growing.
Before weaving, the flower must be prepared: cut almost all the extra side branches to the top. Lignified branches can not be thrown away, but try to root.
Next, you need to decide on the weaving: tight, so that in the end the trunks grow together and get one plant with a trunk in the form of a braid, or so that they do not merge and remain simply with trunks woven together. This formation and decision is necessary in order to determine how close to each other it is planned to plant them. For splicing you need to land very close.
Ficus Benjamin should be removed from the pot, remove excess earth from the sides. Pour the mixture for decorative and deciduous flowers into the prepared container at the bottom. Place the ficus in a new pot, as if inside, as close as possible, if necessary. Weave trunks, fastening with thread or tape from burlap. As the rope grows, it can be removed. For weaving, it is better to take a flower from 20-30 cm high. Care for the pigtail will be the same as for an ordinary plant.