Ficus Belize care at home
To decorate a house or apartment, revive a boring interior will help a small plant brought from exotic countries. Few people know, but Ficus Belize owes its origin to distant Africa and countries with a hot climate and sandy soil.
Ficus Belize care at home
Planting the sprout of Ficus Belize is not difficult, and a long-term culture does not require a person a lot of time for care and money - for fertilizer. How to care for Ficus?
Ficus Belize is difficult to confuse with similar green plants growing on the south side of a residential building. Dense dark green leaves that contain poisonous juice love sunlight and warmth. The stems and processes of the ficus look unusually juicy. A beautiful overflow of shades, an unusual form of foliage and an elongated stem make the Belize variety not only colorful, but also memorable.
The color of Ficus foliage is always heterogeneous. Green, light green, pale colors, gradually turning into a stem in the warm season, are crowned with small bright inflorescences.
Belize variety loves not only high temperatures, but also free space. When breeding at home, he needs to arrange special conditions for rapid growth, to provide constant recharge, thanks to which the foliage will grow. A culture growing in the wilds of African countries needs sun and regular watering. Water and fertilizers, which feed through the soil the root system of the variety, undergo additional training. Unpretentious variety needs special care.
Environmental conditions Ficus withstands for several weeks, and only prolonged exposure to cold or constant shade leads to its death.
Belize belongs to the family of euphorbiaceae, which grows in hot countries and does not tolerate too low air temperatures. It will be possible to grow a culture in any region if you provide the juicy leaves, stem and root system with constant nutrition and a little heat.
For some novices, the ficuses are pulled upward, and the purple stem is thinned. This phenomenon indicates improper care of the exotic culture.
Caring for ficus Belize does not take much time. Planted in the warm season, the stalk is quickly taken and starts to grow.
Belize sits closer to spring, and already in the autumn the first inflorescences appear on it. It is important to calculate planting times and plan for permanent watering. In winter, only soil requires moisture; it should not dry out.
The content of Ficus includes a number of simple events:
- regular watering;
- fertilizer of the soil and root system (fertilizer spreads 1 cm above the ground);
- airing the room;
- organization of proper lighting and temperature conditions;
- humidification of air.
The optimum ambient temperature is from 20 ° C to 25 ° C. In winter, the minimum temperature is 16 ° C. The lower the air temperature, the slower the stem grows. Slowing growth allows the ficus to survive adverse environmental conditions.
In summer, the plant can be taken to the balcony, but it is important to protect the foliage from drafts: frequent changes in temperature make the culture weak and lethargic. Restoring nutrition to the root system will be more difficult if the soil dries. With the advent of autumn, watering must be reduced.
Lighting and humidity
Before planting a ficus, you should make sure that the house has all the necessary conditions for the proper growth of the plant.
The best place for planting a culture is the windowsill in the southern part of the room. Avoid direct sunlight causing burns on the foliage of the flower. If no other place was found in the apartment or house, you can make a small shelter for the pot.
Protect the plant from direct sunlight
The more heat in the room, the brighter the color and overflow of the color of the variety will be. Bright light helps the culture set off in rapid growth. The southeast side of the room can also become a permanent residence for the ficus. In summer, you can water the pot literally every day. In spring, soil fertilization with water occurs at least once every 3 days. The soil in the pot should always be soft and saturated with moisture. Only under such conditions Belize manages to grow not only quickly, but also correctly.
In winter, watering is reduced to 2 times a month. This procedure allows you to save the soil until spring. It is necessary to take care of its saturation especially carefully, and immediately drain excess moisture. High humidity will protect the skin of the plant from severe drying out. To increase humidity, it is advisable to spray the air once every 2 weeks.
The substance for planting is prepared in advance, a neutral acidic environment must be provided in it. If you plant a crop in ordinary soil, it will soon dry out. Before planting the root system (the rhizome is shaken from the soil from the transport pot), the prepared and enriched soil is loosened. To prepare the soil with your own hands, you will need to mix in equal proportions the turf and sheet soil. Sand is used to dilute the soil.
Favorable environment for the rapid growth of the cuttings:
- turf soil;
- sheet earth;
- peaty soil;
Homemade soil can be additionally fertilized and watered. A special drainage layer is lined on the bottom of the pot, allowing water for irrigation not to stagnate near the rhizome. In such conditions, ficus can grow, and green leaves will look fresh year-round. Excessive shade will only harm the plant, which should not be placed in direct sunlight, hiding the culture is also not recommended. Green Ficus may dry, which indicates improper care.
Fertilizing the soil is needed only in the warm season: in spring and autumn. Mineral fertilizers and organic mixtures that are diluted with water should be used for recharge. The main purpose of fertilizers is to increase the level of nitrogen in the soil. In winter, you need to wait with feeding, because the growth of ficus is significantly slowed down.
Plant pruning occurs from the second year of the variety's life. Too elongated shoots neatly cut. Do this in late spring, before the start of active growth. Dry foliage or damaged parts of the crop should also be trimmed so that the stem does not lose excess juices.
Transplant and watering
Choosing a pot for planting is a simple matter, but it also requires knowledge of the characteristics of culture growth. The container for planting in height is equal to a third of the height of the entire plant. It is better not to take the pot without a drainage hole, otherwise the removal of excess water will become a big problem. The material from which the pot is made must have a porous structure. Ceramics are suitable for planting Ficus of any size.
The bottom of the tank is necessarily covered by a drainage layer. Pebbles and small pebbles will allow water to pass through the drainage hole without harm to the root system. Expanded clay is also suitable for drainage. For additional protection of the rhizome, a layer of fine-grained sand is laid over the pebbles, then the soil is poured around the root system and gently rammed. For a tall plant, a strong support is established during planting, with which the ficus is not threatened with destruction. The first watering occurs on the second day after planting, when the rhizome is compacted.
Young Ficus belize are transplanted annually.
This procedure helps to improve the growth of the culture and additionally nourish the rhizome. Mature culture should be transplanted into a new larger pot every 3 years. The root system of the ficus, with proper care, grows rapidly, in a small capacity it becomes crowded. Too large pots can also harm the plant - young ficus will lose moisture and juice. Old cultures do not transplant at all, their root system practically does not grow, and unnecessary manipulations only harm the stem. Only the topsoil is replaced, all the soil is well fertilized.
Purchased ficus is allowed to settle (up to two weeks) before being transplanted into a new pot. The acclimatization period on average takes 10 days, after which nothing prevents to equip the plant in a new place. It will become a real decoration of a home flower garden.