Features of wild pigeons
Wild pigeons are feathered, which are appreciated by hunters for delicate dietary meat. These birds are extremely hardy, because they used to use pigeon mail for a reason.
Wild pigeons are considered a symbol of peace. These birds were tamed about 5000 years ago. There are several breeds of wild pigeons that are worth considering in more detail (their name, lifestyle, etc.).
Vyakhir is one of the largest representatives of the pigeon family. Large pigeon lives in Europe. This breed is also called Vitutyen. In the wild, these individuals settle in the forest strip. Wild forest pigeon has a body length of 40 cm, a tail - about 15 cm, its average weight is 600 g.
This breed is distinguished by a beautiful gray-gray feather with brown spots in the spine. The chest and neck are covered with red-gray feathers. The beak is pink. Turtle dove has a similar color. Often, representatives of the species can be found in countries such as Turkey, Iran, Iraq, the Himalayas, Moldova, Transcaucasia.
Photos of these pigeons are simply mesmerized by their beauty. Families of pigeons look especially cute. They hatch and care for offspring together. Initially, the chicks feed on a special food that is produced in adult birds and is called bird milk. As they grow up, the chicks switch to plant food. There is plenty of feed in the forest.
In the wild, there is always a danger of being caught by a marten, fox or other predator, so animals have to be very careful. Among hunters, this bird is also a very valuable specimen. In untamed pigeons, tender meat is most valued.
Breeds of gray-winged birds
The color of the plumage of this representative determined its name. The blue-winged wild dove is distinguished by more elongated wings than the turtledove, but their feathers are of the same color. This species is not very large in comparison with Vyakhir.
In the wild, mainly hilly areas are selected for housing, although they are rarely found in forests, in rare cases - even in Russian forest parks. The diet of birds is made up of crops and seeds. In cities, they often hang feeders in parks and schools. In the photo, the birds look simply incomparable.
Streptopelia is one of the most elegant breeds of pigeons. In the natural environment are found in the steppe and forest belt of Ukraine, Moldova, in the southern part of Europe. The mass of the neck of the neck is approximately 200 g, and the body length is a maximum of 27 cm. 18 species are distinguished within the species. The most common:
- laughing dove;
- Chinese spotted;
The laughing dove earned its name for a voice resembling a human laugh. The feather shade of this feathery is light fawn, with a dark semicircle on the outside of the neck. Habitat - African continent and southwestern part of Asia.
For the ringed throat, a characteristic place for nesting is part of Russia, bordering Europe, the southwestern zone of Europe and partly Africa. The color of the feathers is gray-brown on the back with a pink on the neck and in the chest area. There is a white semicircle on the neck. The Chinese spotted turtledove at first lived only in Asia, but was later transported to the Australian and American continents.
It features a light brown shade of feathers throughout the body and a gray head. Around the eye sockets are red circles, and on the neck is black with a white collar. People often ask how many of these birds live. At home, if a turtledove is tamed and all the necessary conditions are created, its age can reach 15 years, and in the wild, life expectancy is only 6 years.
Crowned pigeons live in New Guinea. For living, choose a hot, humid climate. They are a rare species due to uncontrolled hunting. They got their name for the crest, which is dissolved on the bird’s head with a translucent blue fan.
The wide long tail is slightly rounded. The color of the plumage is blue. By its size, the bird resembles a small turkey, its weight is 1.5-2 kg, its length is 70 cm. During the breeding season, the female lays one egg, which they and the male hatch in turn for 30 days.
Forest gray representative of the species was first seen in Indonesia. Range - mangroves. Nesting occurs in March-April. Nest birds equip on the trees. They boast silver-gray feathers. The wings are edged with a black border, on the back of the neck feathers of greenish tones.
The rocky dove is quite similar in appearance to the gray-winged representative of the genus. It is distinguished by a lighter tone of tail plumage and a dark beak. Representatives of the species are much smaller than other counterparts. They live in the mountainous regions of Tibet, Korea, Altai. Most often, two in a gorge of rocks or on abandoned construction sites. The white-breasted pigeon is similar in appearance to the rocky representative of the species. It differs only in lighter tones in the color of the feathers.
The wild pigeon Klintuh comes mostly in the forest regions of Kazakhstan, in Chinese forests, Turkish, in Africa and even in Siberia. Pigeons are distinguished by a bright plumage, giving off a blue, turning into a malachite shade on the neck, feathers on the wings are gray, the tail with dark stripes.
If you compare photos of wild pigeons of different species, you can see that the size of Klintukh is not as large as Vyakhir, but larger than Gorlitsa.
The description of the various pigeon breeds can be read for a very long time, but I even want to admire these birds, their grace. Each view is interesting and beautiful in its own way.
Features of behavior and diet
Wild pigeons in the wild are incredibly attentive. Extremely cautious birds behave during the laying and hatching of eggs. Seeing or hearing any beast, they immediately calm down and camouflage themselves in the foliage of trees. Most often settle in areas with moderate climatic conditions. Based on these features, they can lead a different lifestyle:
- partially nomadic;
Often, sedentary birds are found in the southern regions of states, migratory birds - in areas with more severe climates. The diet includes crops, seeds of cones, acorns. Often wild flocks of pigeons fly into the fields with cereals and enclose the tops of plants. They also like to fly to freshly harvested fields with enough feed.
Most often birds arrange their nests directly in the frequent branches of large trees. They may occupy the empty nest of another bird, for example, jays. The pigeon nestles the breeding ground carelessly. Often the female lays 2 eggs. As a rule, during the summer season, the family of pigeons reproduces offspring 2 times. An untamed pigeon is considered a field bird, although it nests most often on trees.
In general, pigeon hunting is a rather interesting activity, which is among the sports. They hunt birds on the grease in harvested fields using the scrad method, when you need to keep all your senses in suspense and calculate even the smallest steps, because any sound will frighten away the prey. It is necessary to creep up to pigeons on feeding. The ideal option is to start the hunt in the early morning.
It was at this time that hunger was so strong that the bird was ready to let the enemy get as close as possible. Often, hunting is carried out in oak forests, because, in addition to cereal crops, birds have great weakness for acorns. As a rule, pigeon flocks choose the same places of fattening, so it is not difficult to track them. The main thing in this hunt is to disguise well.
As a rule, the best game comes before flying. By this time, the bird becomes fat and heavy, its plumage is glossy and velvety. At such a time, shooting a dove is a pride for a hunter.
But not all pigeons can be eaten. For example, pigeons that live on the streets of cities cannot be eaten: it is so easy to poison.
What to cook from pigeon carcass
Pigeons are often kept at home for an exquisite delicacy. The meat of a large pigeon is an extremely valuable dish in France. The taste is sweetish meat, very rich in proteins and vitamins. It is used to prevent and treat anemia.
The domestic pigeon must be properly gutted and carefully inspected before cooking. If the goiter is black, you should get rid of the carcass immediately.
Before preparing any dish, the meat is soaked in water or kefir to soften it. The most common cooking method is baking. Serve pigeon carcasses with various sauces, side dishes of vegetables, fruits, mushrooms.
There are a lot of methods for cooking poultry. If you do not know how to cook a domestic pigeon, you can use the Internet.
Why it is not recommended to eat street birds
Very often people ask the question whether it is possible to eat wild birds, in particular, pigeons. Doctors respond negatively. If you really wanted to taste delicious meat, it is better to purchase it in a specialized farm, where pigeons are brought out specifically for food and for sale. There, birds eat balanced, wholesome food. If you buy on the market from an unverified seller, you can poison the meat of a carcass.
Why is the meat of street pigeons so harmful? The more harmful the food the birds consume, the sooner they start to get sick and the shorter their life. In the conditions of the city, pigeons feed mainly on slop and live for 3 years, while in a private household, the life expectancy of birds is 15 years.