Features of watering orchids in winter

In order for orchids to grow well and bloom for a long time, they need to provide proper care and create the right conditions for life. One of the requirements for plant care is watering. Features of watering vary, depending on the time of year and the period of life of the flower. Watering orchids in winter is the most important part of leaving.

Features of watering orchids in winter

Features of orchid care in winter

Orchid is a thermophilic flower. In winter, she needs care different from caring for the plant in the warm season. Wild orchids and home hybrid species have different characteristics. Consequently, the conditions of their detention will also vary.

Flowers growing in the wild have adapted to climatic conditions and are used to sudden changes in temperature. For their full growth, development and flowering in certain periods, a significant and prolonged decrease in air temperature is vital. Unlike wild plants, indoor phalaenopsis are not adapted to the cold, so in winter it is advisable to create special conditions for them: high air temperature and humidity level.

How to water an orchid in winter

After watering in winter, flower pots should not be placed on the windowsill. It is important to monitor the condition of the substrate and the level of moisture. Excess moisture drains from the openings of the pots into saucers or pallets in which containers with flowers stand and accumulates in them. If the windowsill is cold, the water temperature will also drop. Plants will absorb cold water over the course of a week, and as a result, their root system will become cold. Hypothermia of the roots causes bacteria and fungal diseases.

Pots with flowers are best placed on the foam: it does not cool, so the water in saucers or pallets maintains room temperature. There is another option - place the pots in a pot - a plastic, wooden, metal or ceramic vessel with a high bottom without holes. The cache-pot will save the root system of orchids from hypothermia, because excess moisture will accumulate at the bottom.

How often to water a flower

Watering orchids in winter is less necessary than in the warm season. In the hot period, watering the flower is required 1-2 times a week, in winter this procedure is carried out once every 10 days or 2 weeks. In almost all types of phalaenopsis, a dormant period begins in winter. The plant behaves passively: it does not bloom, does not give new leaves; spends little energy, so it does not eat as often as in the active period of life.

There are species in which the resting period is not so pronounced. These flowers can grow, let out new greens and even bloom in the winter. However, even such phalaenopsis can not often be watered in the winter.

An orchid blooming in winter is allowed to be watered once a week.

Features of watering at home

Watering phalaenopsis at home is necessary using certain water. It is advisable to use rain or thawed, but if there is none, it is better to use a boiled water. It is also important that the water is saturated with oxygen. This is especially useful during the flowering phase of phalaenopsis. To saturate water with oxygen, it is poured several times from one dish to another.

A blooming orchid is watered carefully so as not to harm the flowers. This is done with a watering can. Water from a watering can with a weak pressure enters the upper part of the substrate, without touching the sinuses of the leaves and growth points. When water starts to come out of the holes in the bottom of the pot, stop watering. After a few minutes, the procedure is repeated. Water that flows from a pot in a saucer or pan cannot be reused for watering, it is better to pour it out altogether.

How to provide moisture to the orchid

Wipe the orchid leaves

In winter, in closed rooms, the average humidity is 35%. The reason for the low humidity level is that the central heating is on. Dry air contributes to the emergence and reproduction of certain pests, for example, spider mites. So that orchids grow well at home, they maintain a high level of humidity in the room. To do this, use a humidifier.

Rules for plant hydration

It is not worthwhile to moisten plants in the winter, and a flowering orchid should not be sprayed. In summer, moisture from leaves and flowers dries quickly, and in winter stagnates in the sinuses or terrestrial root systems, as a result, the process of decay of leaves, stems and roots begins.

After spraying with warm water, the plant must be put in a warm place so that the moisture is completely dry.

It is better to spray Phalaenopsis at night and leave to dry in the bathroom until morning. This option is more effective for 2 reasons:

  • After spraying the flower in the bathroom, the humidity level rises. During the night, the orchid is well saturated with moisture.
  • High humidity prevents the development of infections and pests. Finding a plant after a warm shower in the bathroom helps to avoid rot and dying of the growth point.

During the flowering period, it is advised not to spray the phalaenopsis completely, but to separately moisten the substrate. This is done only after all the components of the substrate have completely dried. Also, he is not allowed to dry out.

Other moisturizing options

There are other ways to moisten phalaenopsis in winter: by immersion in water and through root spraying.

A flower pot is immersed in water for 30-60 seconds. The capacity is lowered gradually, because dry ground roots are able to push the plant out of the pot. After a time, the flower is carefully removed and left in a warm place to get rid of excess moisture. This method of hydration is forbidden to use if phalaenopsis is affected by any disease.

Root spraying is suitable for orchid species that are not grown in the substrate, but in blocks. In blocks, the roots dry faster than in pots. For this procedure, use a spray. Moisturize only the roots, without affecting the stems and leaves. This option of watering is carried out as the root system dries.

Fertilization in winter

In winter, phalaenopsis is also fertilized. At this time, top dressing is carried out once a month. More frequent application of fertilizers or applying them in large quantities only harms the flower. In spring and summer, the daylight hours are longer, the air temperature is higher compared to other times of the year, thanks to this, orchids absorb and process nutrients faster. In the autumn and winter periods, due to low temperatures and shorter daylight hours, the flower is not so active, so it slowly absorbs trace elements.

Conclusion

In winter, orchids are not watered as often as in other seasons, but this is still a necessary condition for the normal life of flowers. There are several options for watering phalaenopsis at home. In order not to harm the indoor plant, it is imperative to adhere to the norms and rules of watering in the winter.

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