Features of the sacred ficus
Everyone knows the legend about Prince Gauman, who meditated under a tree and once universal ecumenical wisdom was revealed to him, precisely because of this he was later called the Buddha. However, not everyone knows, but this tree was Sacred Ficus. The sacred ficus was first seen in India and in Nepal, it was sometimes met in southern China. Today it is considered a houseplant.
Origin of flower
Ficus Sacred occurs it is the Latin name Ficus religiosa. Literally, this translates as "sacred" or "religious ficus." But many experts considered the name “religious” strange, since it turns out that the flower itself is very religious. That is why the name "sacred ficus" has taken root.
The second name is the Bohdi tree, its interpretation is “the tree that gives enlightenment”. The flower, which is very revered in Buddhist countries, belongs to different varieties of ficus, namely to the genus of mulberries. Such a flower has a lot of distinctive features.
- Firstly, it is a very durable species, the homeland of which is considered some points in Asia.
- In the natural zone, this flower can reach more than 30 m in height, but at home, ficus can grow up to a maximum of 2 m.
- This flower has a very massive crown, with which later no less strong and thick branches grow. There are always large leaves on the branches.
- The leaf length starts from 8 cm and ends with 25 cm. The top coating of the leaf is very smooth and slightly resembles a peel. The shape of the leaf is similar to a heart with a pointed shape at the top, small tails coming down from there. On the green background of the leaf you can see veins, they come in two shades: either yellowish or cream.
- Ficus can bloom all year, the main thing is to properly care for it. Various purple fruits can be formed from pseudo-fruits, which by their nature are not considered edible to humans. Only fruits, insects or bats can eat such fruits.
- Another factor can be observed if you keep the flower in a room with high humidity. In this case, pure water will begin to drip from the leaves of the tree.
Today, a sacred plant can often be found near various temples of Buddha. Ficus is the main subject of the ritual; not one rite will pass by a tree. All the pilgrims gather around him and begin their rites with worship of this plant.
Many people in India believe that the ficus branch can save from spoilage, protect it from the evil eye and solve the main issues in human life. Also, according to legend, a married couple who cannot have a baby or cannot get a baby can tie a sacred thread around a sprig of ficus, and then the child will bestow the flower. If you believe the reviews of many couples, this method really works, the main thing is to believe in it. In addition, peepal (another name for the tree) in Buddhism is considered a Christmas tree.
Growing at home
Such a flower looks very neat and cute in a home pot. To care for ficus, you do not need to purchase special tools or make special efforts. Caring for this flower is relatively simple. The main thing is to always keep the ficus in a sunny place. It is necessary to keep the flower in the ground especially for ficuses, which can be found in every flower shop. You can make the soil with your own hands, for this you need:
- collect in equal amounts of leaf and turf land;
- add sand there;
- then mix everything, add peat and move everything again.
The pot for the sacred ficus should be very roomy, spacious. Be sure to have holes in the bottom of the pot so that the water does not stagnate in the ground, but instead drains. The climate of our apartments is great for this plant, in summer the temperature should be within 19 and up to 26 degrees Celsius, and in winter from 17 degrees and above. Ficus religious can not stand a sharp decrease or increase in temperature. He may either die immediately or stop bearing fruit. That is why its flower should not be in the drafts, and in winter it should be placed as far as possible from the battery. The most optimal solution is to place a flower near the east or west window, and it is desirable that there is a slight shadow.
But in the warm period, you can take it outside to the sun, but not direct. To understand that the ficus is not enough light is very easy: it becomes noticeable that the plumage of the flower becomes dull, the leaves fall off or curl. Between waterings, several days should pass so that the soil can dry out a little, but not completely dry. In no case should this be allowed, since then the flower will die, and it will not be possible to return it.
Watering the ficus is necessary only with sufficiently soft and well-maintained water. Leaves also need care: they must be sprayed with water every 2 days and wiped from dust. Dust can contaminate the plant's system, and then it will grow poorly. You can improve the appearance of the tree and accelerate its growth with the help of natural additives that can be purchased at any store. The main thing is to avoid strongly chemical additives, as they can harm the root system of the tree. Ficus sacred is easy to care for.
Landing and pruning
Trimming ficus is a very important and difficult step. You need to know exactly when circumcision is required, which branches and roots are already subject to it, and most importantly, how to take care of the plant later. In order for the crown of the tree to be strong, powerful and beautiful, it is necessary to prune often and according to the rules. The root system of this plant is very strong and grows quite quickly.
It is necessary to transplant the flower 1 time per year, each time the pot should become larger by a couple of centimeters. While the ficus is young, it will gain growth very quickly, but will slow down after 5 years. Experts recommend replacing ficus in May or June, this is the most favorable weather in order for the flower to take root in a new place. Among other things, you need enough moisture and optimal temperature, as well as a lot of sun. When the ficus reaches its maximum height and it is already impossible to transplant it, you just need to change the top layer of the earth to a new one.
A flower can only be propagated using seeds or cuttings. Seeds can be purchased at any flower shop. On the packaging should be written "Ficus Sacred Eden." Most experts argue that if you plant seeds, 90% of 100% planted will grow. This is considered the most accurate reproduction option for pipals.
The cuttings of the tree will take root within 14 or 28 days. It is far from the fact that every Posad will survive. But the system in such plantings is much stronger than in seeds. And cuttings are a faster way to get ficus at home.
Diseases and Causes
If the water stagnates in the plant and it does not go anywhere, the ficus can lose all its leaves within a week. It also reacts to drafts, sudden increases or decreases in temperature.
Of the external pests for this tree, the aphids, scale insects and mealybug are considered the most deadly. But if the plant is processed on time, it is not scary for him.
Ficus Sacred - an amazing plant, it can bring peace and harmony to the family. Caring for Ficus Sacred in a home environment is not difficult. This flower is easy to reproduce. Ficus Sacred is easy to contain at home.