Features planting carrots in the Urals

Carrots are planted in almost all regions and climatic zones, since a diet can not do without this vegetable. It is grown even in regions with a temperate climate, such as Siberia, the Urals and others. But planting carrots in the Urals requires a special approach, taking into account climatic conditions and soil.

Features planting carrots in the Urals

Features planting carrots in the Urals

The Ural climate, types and qualities of soils differ from other regions of Russia. In order to get a good harvest there, it is important to consider the features of planting carrots in the Urals. It is important to choose the time and place for sowing seeds, to properly prepare the beds.

Landing time

You need to plant carrots in the Urals from mid to late April at an average air temperature of 12 ℃ during the day and 6 ℃ at night. The minimum temperature at which landing is possible is 5 ℃. If you plant seeds in unheated soil, then the first sprouts will appear late and they will grow much more slowly. However, in different areas of the Urals, weather and climatic features differ, they affect the timing of sowing seeds:

  1. The southern Urals is characterized by a relatively warm climate. The air temperature in mid-spring is in accordance with the standards and is suitable for sowing seeds.
  2. In the Middle Urals, carrots are planted in early May, but only if the land is not covered with snow. Sometimes sowing dates are extended until the end of May. If the humidity level is high and the rules of agricultural technology are followed, then the vegetables will grow quickly and be well stored.
  3. In the regions of the Northern Urals, landing has been carried out since the end of May, since the climate is colder there.

In some cases, carrots are planted in the fall, but this is extremely rare, because the Ural winters are extremely cold. Autumn sowing is best done after lowering the soil temperature to 7 ℃. If you plant carrots in warmer soil, then it will give sprouts that will immediately freeze with the onset of cold weather.

Seed preparation

The preparation of seeds before sowing has a great influence on yield. Even if you sow seeds in a well-heated soil, they will grow slowly. To speed up this process, it is necessary to germinate them. To do this, you need a damp cloth, it is better to moisten it with a solution of ash of medium concentration. Wrap the seeds in this cloth and refrigerate for several days.

After a certain time, the seeds will start up the roots. After removing them from the refrigerator, dry them a little for 30 minutes. After that, they will be ready for sowing.

Preparation of beds

So that the crop is large and of high quality, prepare the beds for planting. This is best done in the fall. For this:

  • dig the earth 10-15 cm deep so that the root crops grow even and long;
  • make fertilizers using a mixture of 10-15 g of urea, 15-20 g of potassium chloride, 30-40 g of superphosphate and 50 g of ash per 1 m²;
  • add sand if the soil is not sandy, and mature compost if the soil is lean.

You can’t fertilize the beds with manure - the roots grow “shaggy”, the root crops acquire an irregular shape and lose their palatability, and the duration of their storage decreases.

In the territories of the Middle and Northern Urals, where groundwater is shallow under the ground, it is better to make beds for carrots 1 m wide and 40 cm high. In the southern regions it is much warmer, therefore, beds are made 70 cm wide and 30 cm high. However, the higher the beds are, the better the root crops will grow. It also prevents their decay.

The beds for carrots are pretty tiny

Landing methods

Usual way

Planting in the usual way involves the use of simple purchased seeds. Take a cotton cloth, wrap the seeds in it and place in a special solution for 2 minutes. To prepare it, add 6 drops of Epin into a glass of water. Then remove the fabric, squeeze it well from the water and let the seeds soak in the remaining moisture for 4 hours. After a while, rinse them with clean water and place them on a flat surface to dry.

On the bed, make transverse holes, the distance between which should be at least 10 cm. Place the seeds in the holes to a depth of 3 cm and gently compact the ground. The first shoots will appear in 10 days in good weather conditions. The peculiarity of this method of sowing is that thinning requires thinning after germination. Specialists also recommend covering the beds with material to protect the crop from carrot flies.

Sowing seeds in granules

Some carrot seeds are sold in the form of granules that are large in shape. This method is simpler, but the disadvantage is the incomplete germination of seeds. Because of this, it is necessary to re-sow. Also a minus is that such seeds are not amenable to treatment with special preparations that stimulate growth.

Compared with the usual method, the first seedlings of granular seeds appear much later. They require constant soil moisture. Large root vegetables grow from such seeds, but their palatability deteriorates.

Joint landing

Onions or garlic are planted next to carrots, which scare away the carrot fly. The disadvantage of this method: when it comes time to harvest the onion and garlic, they can not be watered for several days the day before, but carrots need moisture at this time. Therefore, there is a good option: divide the bed lengthwise into 2 parts, sow carrot seeds at the bottom, and plant onions or garlic in high areas.

Grade selection

There are a large number of carrot varieties, but not all of them are suitable for growing in the Urals. The most suitable are domestic varieties and their hybrids, which were specially bred and zoned for the Ural regions. Compared with foreign varieties, they have better taste and longer shelf life. These are such species as: Viking, Alenka, Samson, Napoli F1, Vita longo and many others - all of them are characterized by good growth at lower temperatures.

When choosing a variety, read its description and features. Pay attention to the time of sowing seeds, the timing of maturation of root crops and the duration of their storage.

  • imported varieties are suitable for quick sale - they are poorly stored;
  • some species are suitable for late sowing, they are well stored in the winter;
  • if you want to get unusual root vegetables, then select the seeds of such varieties, the description of which shows their characteristics: purple peel, round shape of fruits that are like beets, carrots with a smell like a nut, lack of a core in root crops;
  • Choose varieties that are resistant to cracking and various diseases.

It is better not to use carrots that are not designed for Ural weather conditions.

Conclusion

The Ural has its own climatic features, therefore, in order to get a good carrot crop, you must adhere to the rules of agricultural technology and choose the appropriate varieties of this crop. Also, a major role for obtaining high-quality root crops is played by the proper care of the crop throughout the entire process of its cultivation.

Recommended

When and how to open grapes after winter
2019
Stages of tomato formation
2019
Rules for castration of piglets
2019