Features of orchids and ferns

In recent years, more and more flower lovers have been growing various varieties of orchids, and fern, formerly the most popular domestic plant, is losing its leading position.

Features of orchids and ferns

External differences between orchids and ferns

Currently, there are more than 40 thousand species of orchid species and more than 20 thousand ferns.

The fern consists of a root and leaves similar to ostrich feathers. Orchid varieties have ordinary and airy roots, on top of which is spongy tissue from dead, air-filled cells. They absorb moisture from the air and soil. Fern-shaped food and water are removed only from the ground.

In addition to deciduous and root parts of orchids have flowers. In all varieties, 3 petal sepals with 3 petals alternate. The middle part of the petals is called the lip. It has a large size and a 3-blade incision. The flowers have stamens, a pistil and a stigma, in which there are small seeds.

An orchid is similar to a fern not visually, but according to its properties. Stems and roots can store water and nutrients, so these flowers withstand prolonged drought.

Lighting effect

Orchid is a photophilous culture. It grows well with a large amount of sunlight. In a darkened room, orchids do not grow well, and flowers do not appear on them at all. Only in the spring, the flower is slightly shaded, so as not to damage the delicate leaves with excessive amounts of sunlight.

Unlike orchids, ferns cannot tolerate much light. It grows well and develops in shady areas.

Moisture exposure

For good growth, the flowers provide a sufficient amount of moisture. Strongly watering the plants is not necessary: ​​an excess of moisture leads to rotting of the root, as a result of which the whole flower dies.

To provide moisture to orchid and fern-shaped varieties, they are sprayed with water. At the same time, they take a liquid of optimal temperature: cold water provokes the development of crop diseases.

Optimum temperature

Different temperature conditions are acceptable for plants.

It is better to keep the orchid in a backlit greenhouse, regularly spraying it in the summer 2-3 times a day, in winter - only on sunny days or at elevated air temperatures. In winter, the temperature is reduced only by 3 ° C-4 ° C compared to summer. An excessively low regime leads to the death of the plant.

Fern is unpretentious. It grows well at low temperatures.

The secrets of caring for fern and orchid

Flower lovers should be careful about the volume of the orchid planting pot. If the flower pot is small, the culture is transplanted to another.

Orchid transplant rules:

  • the earth is watered;
  • carefully take out the root of the flower from a small pot;
  • carefully inspect the culture for rot, disease;
  • pour into a different container in a sufficient amount of substrate in the form of crushed roots of fern, pine and spruce bark;
  • planted orchid variety.

After transplanting, the plant is protected from excessive sunlight, and the roots from cold watering. Non-compliance with the rules leads to the development of diseases, as a result of which the orchid culture dies.

Fern-shaped varieties are unpretentious. They do not require special care and grow well on any land.

Summarizing

Orchid and fern-shaped varieties can decorate any home. Even in the absence of sufficient knowledge to care for crops, anyone can get beautiful flowers that delight their eyes.

If orchids require good lighting, then ferns grow well in the shade, while the latter almost do not require care, they only have to irrigate every 5-6 days.

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