Features of a hornless cow
It’s hard to meet at least one farm without cows or calves. Firstly, these are excellent suppliers of delicious dairy products, and secondly, sources of nutritious and expensive meat. A hornless cow is an animal that is not often found on a farm, but it is exceptional and special among cattle.
A hornless cow is a hornless cattle representative. Horns to similar pets are replaced by so-called growths. The absence of horns does not make livestock inferior or unhealthy, because such a physiological feature can be associated with a number of reasons.
Before proceeding to the description of hornless species, it should be noted that not only cows, but also a number of other animals can be such. “Comel” means a bump or small bulge that is on a tree or plant. Due to the similarity, cones instead of horns in animals were also called chipped. A hornless cow has small horny tubercles on its head.
The main reasons why the animal may be so are:
- the influence of a person who often independently removes horns in order to protect himself from injuries and other troubles;
- the influence of genetics when a cow has no horns from birth;
- Acquisition of cows by a cow due to crossbreeding.
Modern livestock breeding is famous for its bold experiments and a number of ongoing breeding work. So, as a result of one of them, livestock breeders were able to derive an artificial species of animals of a hornless species. Despite the fact that this feature has an artificial character, it has long been considered an innate trait that is inherited.
Why do they become so
Hornless species occurs at a deep gene level. A certain combination of genes leads to the fact that the breed turns out to be hornless. Since the “hornless” gene is dominant, the generation of 2 hornless animals will also be hornless. The next will have rudimentary horns, and the third will distribute representatives of both species among themselves, but hornless ones will dominate the horned ones. Interestingly, a hornless cow is much cheaper than regular cattle.
The following representatives are called hornless cows:
- Russian hornless cow - breed considered the most prominent representative of the species;
- Aberdeen Angus;
- Swedish breed;
- East Finnish breed.
You can learn more about how the condition in question was obtained, as well as about the main differences of all representatives.
In order to learn the Russian hornless bull, you do not need specific skills, as this is a purely black breed without the slightest inclusions and light marks. Black hornless has meat growing direction. It was bred by crossing the Aberdeen and Kalmyk breed. The Russian hornless cow is appreciated for its good adaptability to climatic conditions, the influence of the external environment, and resistance to various diseases. In total, the breed is about 8, 000 heads. According to the external characteristics, the cows of the Russkaya Komolaya breed are distinguished by their large size and good body constitution. The physique of a Russian hornless cow surpasses even Aberdeen in terms of parameters.
The distinctive characteristics of the black hornless bull are as follows:
- the only Russian meat breed of cattle;
- Russian heifers and bull-calves are tall and give a large increase in live weight, putting off less fat than imported peers;
- a hornless bull is distinguished by a rectangular body shape, a straight back, a wide, developed and large backside. The skin of a hornless bull is considered thin and quite elastic;
- the live weight of a full-aged animal is about 550 kg, while one goby reaches a weight of 1100 kg.
The biological value of meat obtained as a result of such successful crossbreeding is much higher than the meat products of others. The meat of Russian horned cattle is considered dietary and maximum protein.
Aberdeen Angus representatives
The Swedish breed is represented by cows with a meat direction. Breeding takes place around the world. Below we consider the main features of the breed.
- Meat breed with appropriate appearance. The bull and heifer have a rather round body with short legs. Animals have a heavy head, which is in line with the neck and shoulders. Representatives have a strong lower back with large hips.
- They are not considered as large cows as Russians, as their weight does not exceed 950 kg.
- Differ in a thin skeleton.
- Meat products are characterized by very thin layers of fat (according to this criterion, Russians also win). 60% of meat can be obtained from one cow.
- Crossbreeding with other breeds leads to the transfer of all basic meat qualities.
Black Aberdeens are common enough for breeding. Animals are resistant to low temperatures, and also tolerate changes in the climate that the Russians have adopted from them.
Interesting enough not meat and not dairy breed. Iowa cows are decorative. They are not horned, and also have no udder, although all other traits indicate that the animal is typical representatives of cattle. Other features of the breed include a small head with a short neck, the presence of a flat back and scruff, an elevated back, and an elongated tail. The animal color of the hairline is also peculiar: often representatives of the breed are called plush because of the soft, delicate and long coat, which is difficult to maintain without special skills.
If we compare Iowa cows with other horned and hornless ones, their cost is impressive: one cow costs more than $ 5, 500. Thus, the cows in question are quite interesting specimens that deserve the attention of every farmer. Their meat products are in no way inferior to those obtained from traditional representatives of cattle, and the Russians even surpass them in some respects.